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File:The Victory of the Imperial Mughal Army over Sultan Adam.jpg

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Artist
Composition by Tulsi; painted by Bhawani, portraits by Sanwala.
Title
The Victory of the Imperial Mughal Army over Sultan Adam
Description

This illustration to the Akbarnama (Book of Akbar) depicts the victory of the imperial Mughal army, led by Qutb ud-Din and Sharif Khan, over Sultan Adam of Ghakkar (now in north-east Pakistan), in the Panjab in 1563. Three court artists – Tulsi, Bhawani and Sanwala – worked on the painting.

The Akbarnama was commissioned by the Mughal emperor Akbar (r.1556–1605) as the official chronicle of his reign. It was written in Persian by his court historian and biographer, Abu’l Fazl, between 1590 and 1596, and the V&A’s partial copy of the manuscript is thought to have been illustrated between about 1592 and 1595. This is thought to be the earliest illustrated version of the text, and drew upon the expertise of some of the best royal artists of the time. Many of these are listed by Abu’l Fazl in the third volume of the text, the A’in-i Akbari, and some of these names appear in the V&A illustrations, written in red ink beneath the pictures, showing that this was a royal copy made for Akbar himself. After his death, the manuscript remained in the library of his son Jahangir, from whom it was inherited by Shah Jahan.
Date 1590-1595 (painted)
Medium Opaque watercolour and gold on paper
Dimensions Height: 32 cm, Width: 18.9 cm
institution QS:P195,Q213322
Accession number
IS.2:31-1896
Object history

he Akbarnama was commissioned by the emperor Akbar as the official chronicle of his reign. It was written by Abu'l Fazl between 1590 and 1596 and is thought to have been illustrated between c. 1592 and 1594 by at least forty-nine different artists from Akbar's studio. After Akbar's death in 1605, the manuscript remained in the library of his son, Jahangir (r. 1605-1627) and later that of Shah Jahan (r. 1628-1658). The Museum purchased it in 1896 from the widow of Major General John Clarke, an official who had been the Commissioner in Oudh province between 1858 and 1862.

Historical significance: It is thought to be the first illustrated copy of the Akbarnama. It drew upon the expertise of some of the best royal painters of the time, many of whom receive special mention by Abu'l Fazl in the A'in-i-Akbari. The inscriptions in red ink on the bottom of the paintings name the artists.
Credit line The V&A purchased the manuscript in 1896 from Frances Clarke, the widow of Major General John Clarke, who bought it in India while serving as Commissioner of Oudh between 1858 and 1862.
Inscriptions

Tarh Tulsi Amal Bhawani Chehreh nami Sanwala composition by Tulsi work [=painted] by Bhawani

faces by Sanwala
Source/Photographer https://collections.vam.ac.uk/item/O9732/painting-the-victory-of-the-imperial/
Permission
(Reusing this file)
This is a faithful photographic reproduction of a two-dimensional, public domain work of art. The work of art itself is in the public domain for the following reason:
Public domain

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current05:38, 16 December 2011Thumbnail for version as of 05:38, 16 December 20111,678 × 2,500 (1.26 MB)Sridhar1000 (talk | contribs){{Artwork |artist=Composition by Tulsi; painted by Bhawani, portraits by Sanwala. |title=The Victory of the Imperial Mughal Army over Sultan Adam |description=This illustration to the Akbarnama (Book of Akbar) depicts the victory of the imperial Mughal ar
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