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File:The Wizard of Oz Ray Bolger Jack Haley Margaret Hamilton Reunited 1970 No 1.jpg

Original file(1,964 × 2,565 pixels, file size: 1.29 MB, MIME type: image/jpeg)



Publicity photo of American entertainers, (L–R) Ray Bolger, Margaret Hamilton and Jack Haley, reunited in 1970 in commemoration of their roles in the 1939 feature film, The Wizard of Oz.

Date Attached press-release is dated February 20, 1970.
Source Original press-release in uploader's possession
Author NBC Television Network.
(Reusing this file)


  • The photo has no copyright markings on it (see original upload).
  • It was created for publicity purposes-distribution to the media. The image was meant to bring attention and publicity for the personalities pictured, the program/film/production he/she was a part of, and/or the network/studio/producers airing/distributing/producing it.

Film production expert Eve Light Honthaner in The Complete Film Production Handbook, (Focal Press, 2001 p. 211.):

"Publicity photos (star headshots) have traditionally not been copyrighted. Since they are disseminated to the public, they are generally considered public domain, and therefore clearance by the studio that produced them is not necessary."
"There is a vast body of photographs, including but not limited to publicity stills, that have no notice as to who may have created them." (The Professional Photographer's Legal Handbook By Nancy E. Wolff, Allworth Communications, 2007, p. 55.)
Creative Clearance-Publicity photos
"Publicity Photos (star headshots) older publicity stills have usually not been copyrighted and since they have been disseminated to the public, they are generally considered public domain and therefore there is no necessity to clear them with the studio that produced them (if you can even determine who did)."
  • United States Copyright Office page 2 "Visually Perceptible Copies The notice for visually perceptible copies should contain all three elements described below. They should appear together or in close proximity on the copies.
1 The symbol © (letter C in a circle); the word “Copyright”; or the abbreviation “Copr.”
2 The year of first publication. If the work is a derivative work or a compilation incorporating previously published material, the year date of first publication of the derivative work or compilation is sufficient. Examples of derivative works are translations or dramatizations; an example of a compilation is an anthology. The year may be omitted when a pictorial, graphic, or sculptural work, with accompanying textual matter, if any, is reproduced in or on greeting cards, postcards, stationery, jewelry, dolls, toys, or useful articles.
3 The name of the copyright owner, an abbreviation by which the name can be recognized, or a generally known alternative designation of owner.1 Example © 2007 Jane Doe.")


This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was published in the United States between 1923 and 1977 without a copyright notice. See Commons:Hirtle chart for further explanation. Note that it may still be copyrighted in jurisdictions that do not apply the rule of the shorter term for US works (depending on the date of the author's death), such as Canada (50 p.m.a.), Mainland China (50 p.m.a., not Hong Kong or Macao), Germany (70 p.m.a.), Mexico (100 p.m.a.), Switzerland (70 p.m.a.), and other countries with individual treaties.

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current17:24, 26 September 2012Thumbnail for version as of 17:24, 26 September 20121,964 × 2,565 (1.29 MB)Crakkerjakk (talk | contribs)Photo has been cropped, color-corrected and minimal retouching performed to eliminate the appearance of the most significant damage to it. Previous upload was to establish dating, source and that there are no copyright marks on the image.
17:22, 26 September 2012Thumbnail for version as of 17:22, 26 September 20124,200 × 2,712 (6.55 MB)Crakkerjakk (talk | contribs){{Information |Description=Publicity photo of American entertainers, (L–R) Ray Bolger, Margaret Hamilton and Jack Haley, reunited in 1970 in commemoration of their roles in the 1939 feat...
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