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IOC Classification: DomainEukaryota • RegnumAnimalia • PhylumChordata • SubphylumVertebrata • InfraphylumGnathostomata • SuperclassisTetrapoda • ClassisAves • SuperordoNeognathae • OrdoPasseriformes • SubordoPasseri • InfraordoPasserida • SuperfamiliaSylvioidea • FamiliaHirundinidae • GenusHirundo • Species: Hirundo rustica Linnaeus, 1758
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Hirundo rustica rusticaEdit

Breeding Europe, western Asia; wintering Africa, SW Asia

PerchedEdit

In flightEdit

Nests with juvenilesEdit

EggsEdit

Juveniles outside the nestEdit

East Asian subspeciesEdit

Breeding eastern Asia; wintering southern Asia, northern Australasia. Three subspecies are accepted (IOC, H. r. tytleri (breeds south-central Siberia, Mongolia), H. r. gutturalis (breeds temperate eastern Asia), and H. r. saturata (breeds eastern Siberia), with much mixing on the southern Asian wintering grounds, where individuals are rarely identifiable to subspecies.

India, Sri LankaEdit

JapanEdit

TaiwanEdit

ThailandEdit

SingaporeEdit

Hirundo rustica erythrogasterEdit

Breeding North America; wintering South America

SittingEdit

In flightEdit

JuvenilesEdit

IllustrationsEdit

MapsEdit

DistributionEdit