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International Phonetic Alphabet

alphabetic system of phonetic notation

See also: General phonetics

Contents

PlosiveEdit

Name Text Image
Voiceless bilabial p  
Voiced bilabial b  
Voiceless alveolar t  
Voiced alveolar d  
Voiceless retroflex ʈ  
Voiced retroflex ɖ  
Voiceless palatal c  
Voiced palatal ɟ  
Voiceless velar k  
Voiced velar ɡ  
Voiceless uvular q  
Voiced uvular ɢ  
Voiceless glottal ʔ  

NasalEdit

Name Text Image
Voiced bilabial m  
Voiced labiodental ɱ  
Voiced alveolar n  
Voiced retroflex ɳ  
Voiced palatal ɲ  
Voiced velar ŋ  
Voiced uvular ɴ  

TrillEdit

Name Text Image
Voiced bilabial ʙ  
Voiced alveolar r  
Voiced uvular ʀ  

Tap or FlapEdit

Name Text Image
Voiced alveolar ɾ  
Voiced retroflex ɽ  

FricativeEdit

Name Text Image
Voiceless bilabial ɸ  
Voiced bilabial β  
Voiceless labiodental f  
Voiced labiodental v  
Voiceless dental θ  
Voiced dental ð  
Voiceless alveolar s  
Voiced alveolar z  
Voiceless postalveolar ʃ  
Voiced postalveolar ʒ  
Voiceless retroflex ʂ  
Voiced retroflex ʐ  
Voiceless palatal ç  
Voiced palatal ʝ  
Voiceless velar x  
Voiced velar ɣ  
Voiceless uvular χ  
Voiced uvular ʁ  
Voiceless pharyngeal ħ  
Voiced pharyngeal ʕ  
Voiceless glottal h  
Voiced glottal ɦ  
Voiceless dorso-palatal ɧ  

Lateral FricativeEdit

Name Text Image
Voiceless alveolar ɬ  
Voiced alveolar ɮ  

ApproximantEdit

Name Text Image
Voiced labiodental ʋ  
Voiced alveolar ɹ  
Voiced retroflex ɻ  
Voiced palatal j  
Voiced velar ɰ  

Lateral ApproximantEdit

Name Text Image
Voiced alveolar l  
Voiced retroflex ɭ  
Voiced palatal ʎ  
Voiced velar ʟ  

ClicksEdit

Name Text Image
Bilabial ʘ  
Dental ǀ  
(Post)alveolar ǃ  
Palatoalveolar ǂ  
Alveolar lateral ǁ  

ChartEdit