Technical drawing, also known as drafting or draughting, is the act and discipline of composing plans that visually communicate how something functions or is to be constructed.
Statues of Gudea, ca. 2144 - 2124 BC
Fragment of the Severan Marble Plan of Rome, showing the Theatre of Pompey, 203-211
Plan of Saint Gall, early 9th c.
Plan of Saint Gall (detail), early 9th c.
Al-Muradi, The Book of Secrets in the Results of Thoughts, 11th c.
Al-Jazari Automata, 1205
Al-Jazari water device, 13th c.
Al-Jazari Musical Toy, 13th c.
Buttress at Reims from the Sketchbook of Villard de Honnecourt, 1230-35
Sections of piers from the Sketchbook of Villard de Honnecourt, 1230-35
Perpetuum Mobile of Villard de Honnecourt, c. 1230
Façade of Strasbourg Cathedral by Opicinus de Canistris, 1260s
Cathedral of Pavia by Opicinus de Canistris, Avignon, France; 1335–50
Sketch of a crank wagon by Guido da Vigevano, 14th c.
- 15th century
Machines by Taccola (1382–1453), 15th c.
Overbalanced wheel by Taccola (1382–1453), 15th c.
Spinnrad in Housebook of Schloss Wolfegg, 1480
Stampfwerk in Housebook of Schloss Wolfegg, 1480
Drehbank in Housebook of Schloss Wolfegg, 1480
Lorenz Lechner, Unterweisung, ca. 1500, fol. 41
- 16th century
Baldassare Peruzzi, Design for an altar, 1527.
Albrecht Durer, 1525
Sketch of the Arch of Janus by Antonio da Sangallo the Younger (1484 – 1546)