Open main menu

Template:Chinese characters naming

Type Minimal definition Time periods Old convention New convention Example Coverage
Images showing stroke order
•••• 楷書 / 楷书 kǎishū Row of grey chars web era 馬-bw.png 馬-bw.svg* 馬-jbw.png 61,02060
•• 楷書 / 楷书 kǎishū Black to red progression web era 馬-red.png 馬-red.svg* 馬-red.png 1422935
•••• 楷書 / 楷书 kǎishū Animated calligraphy web era 馬-order.gif 馬-order.gif ** 馬-order.gif 1053815
楷書 / 楷书 kǎishū Animated by Stroke web era 馬-sbs.gif 馬-sbs.gif ** 馬-sbs.gif 4
Do not use “m”, “t”, or “j” freely in filenames above. We use them such : "m" for "modern", "t" for "traditional", "j" for Japanese, etc. <ed>
Images showing writing styles
•• 金文 jīnwén>Shang Casted bronze scripts, Shang period 1300–1046 BCE 馬-s.svg 馬-bronze-shang.svg 馬-bronze-shang.svg 189
•••• 甲骨文 jiǎgǔwén Knife carved oracle scripts 1300–1046 BCE 馬-oracle.svg 馬-oracle.svg 馬-oracle.svg 4,773
•••• 金文 jīnwén Casted bronze scripts, Western Zhou period 1046–771 BCE 馬-bronze.svg 馬-bronze.svg 馬-bronze.svg 1,229
甲骨文 jiǎgǔwén>Western Zhou Knife carved oracle scripts, Western Zhou period 1046–771 BCE none 馬-oracle-zhouyuan.svg N/A 0
•• 金文 jīnwén>Spring and Autumn Casted bronze scripts, Spring and Autumn period 771–476 BCE 馬-sa.svg 馬-bronze-spring.svg 馬-bronze-spring.svg 327
•• 金文 jīnwén>Warring States Casted bronze scirpts, Warring States period 476–221 BCE 馬-w.svg 馬-bronze-warring.svg 馬-bronze-warring.svg 272
••• 簡帛文字 jiǎnbówénzì Brush on slip or silk scripts by Chu state 476–221 BCE none 馬-silk.svg 馬-silk.svg 20517
••• 簡牘文字 jiǎndúwénzì Brush on slip scripts by Qin state 476–221 BCE none 馬-slip.svg 馬-slip.svg 194
•••• 小篆 xiǎo zhuàn Normalized zhuan scirpts by Qin dynasty and some Han dynasty zhuan scirpts, collected by Shuowen 221 BCE–220 CE 馬-seal.svg 馬-seal.svg 馬-seal.svg 2,939
•• 籀文 zhòuwén Script from Shizhoupian by late Western Zhou, collected by Shuowen 221 BCE–220 CE 馬-zhou.svg 馬-zhou.svg 馬-zhou.svg 13
•• 古文 gǔwén Script from Zuo zhuan by Warring States, collected by Shuowen 221 BCE–220 CE 馬-ancient.svg 馬-ancient.svg 馬-ancient.svg 51
奇字 qízì Similar to variants, collected by Shuowen 221 BCE–220 CE none 馬-odd.svg N/A 2
•• 隸書 / 隶书 lìshū Early ancient clerical script to be specific, collected by Libian 221 - 134 BCE none 馬-clerical.svg 馬-clerical.svg 47
傳抄古文字 Chuánchāo gǔwénzì Transcribed various ancient scripts before Qin dynasty, collected by Liushutong 1627–1644 CE 馬-bigseal.svg 馬-bigseal.svg 馬-bigseal.svg 3,454
New Modern Chinese Characters*
•• 草書 / 草书 cǎoshū Brush on paper's fast script, aka Cursive. 43 BCE-present none (font available) 馬-caoshu.svg 馬-caoshu.svg 1
•• 行書 / 行书 xíngshū Brush on paper's fluid writing, aka Semi-cursive. ca.100 CE-present none (font available) 馬-xingshu.svg 馬-xingshu.svg 3
•• 楷書 / 楷书 kǎishū Brush on paper since Han dynasty, aka Regular scripts ca. 200 CE-present none (font available) 馬-kaishu.svg 馬-kaishu.svg 6
•• 宋體 / 宋体 sòngtǐ or 明體 / 明体 míngtǐ Printing-blocks scripts. Aka Songti, Mingti. 1368 CE-present none (font available) 馬-songti.svg 馬-songti.svg 4
康熙 kāngxī Printing-blocks scripts in Kangxi dictionary 1716 CE-present none (font available) 馬-mingti-kangxi.svg Kangxi Style Kangxi Radical 187.svg 0, 215


On advancements
  • "How to" pages should contain both process (or reference to it), and sources for accurate glyphs. See Commons:Ancient Chinese characters project/Tutorial and {{ACClicense/doc}} for more information.
  • For Modern Chinese Characters (MCC), automatic conversion, see User:Yug and his an opensource JS / NodeJS script.
  • SVG animation while technically possible and demoed, has been dropped.
  • Stroke order information is not necessary for ancient characters. It might be vaguely helpful to have it for the clerical script, but not very, as it would probably be the same as for the standard script. For oracle script, bronze script and seal script, I don't believe we really know what the order was, or if there even was a fixed order.
On naming conventions
  • {zi}-{locale}{style}.ext, {zi}-{style}-{precision}.ext, or {zi}-{style}-{precision}-{ID}.ext
    • {zi}: one single Chinese character the one the image depicts
    • {locale} [t,j,s,k,h] : default is (?), then t for traditional (Taiwan ROC), j for Japanese, s for simplified (China PRC), k for Korean, h for Hongkongese.
    • {style} [oracle,bronze,bigseal,silk,slip,seal,clearical,kaishu,xingshu,caoshu,songti] : English hint or pinyin word indicating the type of image/character
    • {precision} [dynasty,school,book,calligrapher,artwork] : English hint indicating the historical period or source of the glyph
    • {ID} [versionNum,glyphId]: numeral version or glyph id code.
    • {ext} [gif,png,svg] : SVG should be used for all new images except for animations.
On variability
On rational and selection
  • Images files are helpful for books and web{sites|pages|apps} (wp & wiktionary), so they don't have to fight on both battlefronts, images and fonts.
  • The first column express the priority of the style.
  • For ancient styles where many variants are actually available, we select the ones being « the missing links between the picture and the traditional character », so it serves has elegant educational material. While we are aware of this being an a posteriori biases selection, it does have teaching and memorization benefits.
On coverage
  • We want to consistently cover the Kangxi radicals and their supplement in all these Ancient (ACC) and Modern (MCC) styles. Indeed, for teaching purposes, they carry the core of the meaningful cases.
  • Ancient Chinese Characters were in daily usage in BC : oracles, bronze, [silk, slip,] seal, lishu and sub-variants.
  • Modern Chinese Characters are in daily usage in AD : kaishu, xingshu, caoshu, songti and sub-variants.