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This documentation is transcluded from Template:Citation/doc.

UsageEdit

This template may be used for creating citations to books, journal articles and websites.

Sample templatesEdit

BooksEdit

Most commonly used parameters
{{citation|author=|authorlink=|coauthors=|chapter=|editor=|editors=|title=|url=|archiveurl=|archivedate=|edition=|location=|publisher=|year=|volume=|page=|pages=|pageurl=|section=|isbn=|oclc=|quote=}}
All available parameters
{{citation|author=|last=|first=|authorlink=|author2=|last2=|first2=|authorlink2=|author3=|last3=|first3=|authorlink3=|author4=|last4=|first4=|authorlink4=|author5=|last5=|first5=|authorlink5=|coauthors=|quotee=|chapter=|trans-chapter=|chapterurl=|entry=|trans-entry=|editor=|editors=|title=|trans-title=|series=|seriesvolume=|url=|archiveurl=|archivedate=|edition=|location=|publisher=|month=|year=|year_published=|date=|genre=|language=|volume=|others=|page=|pages=|pageurl=|section=|sectionurl=|isbn=|oclc=|id=|quote=}}

Certain basic parameters can be used in the template without any named parameters, as follows:

#* {{citation|[year]|[author]|[title]|[url]|[page]|[quote]}}

This will not work if any of the parameters contains an equals ("=") sign. The value of any parameter containing an equals sign must be surrounded by <nowiki> tags, like this: "<nowiki>http://foo.com?id=bar</nowiki>". Alternatively, use a named parameter such as url.

Journal articlesEdit

Most commonly used parameters
{{citation|author=|authorlink=|title=|url=|archiveurl=|archivedate=|journal=|volume=|issue=|location=|publisher=|issn=|oclc=|date=|page=|pages=|pageurl=|quote=}}
All available parameters
{{citation|author=|last=|first=|authorlink=|author2=|last2=|first2=|authorlink2=|author3=|last3=|first3=|authorlink3=|author4=|last4=|first4=|authorlink4=|author5=|last5=|first5=|authorlink5=|coauthors=|quotee=|title=|trans-title=|url=|archiveurl=|archivedate=|editor=|editors=|journal=|trans-work=|format=|language=|version=|volume=|issue=|others=|edition=|location=|publisher=|bibcode=|doi=|issn=|jstor=|lccn=|oclc=|pmid=|ssrn=|id=|date=|month=|year=|year_published=|accessdate=|page=|pages=|pageurl=|section=|quote=}}

WebsitesEdit

Most commonly used parameters
{{citation|author=|authorlink=|title=|url=|archiveurl=|archivedate=|work=|publisher=|date=|accessdate=|quote=}}
All available parameters
{{citation|author=|last=|first=|authorlink=|author2=|last2=|first2=|authorlink2=|author3=|last3=|first3=|authorlink3=|author4=|last4=|first4=|authorlink4=|author5=|last5=|first5=|authorlink5=|coauthors=|quotee=|editor=|editors=|title=|trans-title=|entry=|trans-entry=|work=|trans-work=|url=|archiveurl=|archivedate=|edition=|format=|language=|location=|publisher=|date=|month=|year=|year_published=|accessdate=|volume=|page=|pages=|pageurl=|section=|quote=}}

ExamplesEdit

BooksEdit

  • Wikitext: {{citation|author=Bryan A. Garner|authorlink=Bryan A. Garner|title=A Dictionary of Modern Legal Usage|edition=3rd|location=New York, N.Y.; Oxford|publisher={{w|Oxford University Press}}|year=2011|isbn=978-0-19-538420-8}}.
  • Result: Bryan A. Garner (2011) A Dictionary of Modern Legal Usage, 3rd edition, New York, N.Y.; Oxford: Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-538420-8.

Journal articlesEdit

  • Wikitext: {{citation|author=A. R. Dunkel|author2=J. S. Zijlstra|author3=C. P. Groves|title=Giant Rabbits, Marmosets, and British Comedies: Etymology of Lemur Names, Part 1|url=http://www.aeecl.org/lemurnews/lemurnews2011_16.pdf|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20140324170841/http://www.aeecl.org/lemurnews/lemurnews2011_16.pdf|archivedate=24 March 2014|journal=Lemur News|volume=16|date=2011–2012|pages=64–70}}.
  • Result: A. R. Dunkel; J. S. Zijlstra; C. P. Groves (2011–2012), “Giant Rabbits, Marmosets, and British Comedies: Etymology of Lemur Names, Part 1”, in Lemur News[1], volume 16, archived from the original on 24 March 2014, pages 64–70.

WebsitesEdit

  • Wikitext: {{citation|author=Jim Fay|title=The Choctaw Expression ‘Okeh’ and the Americanism ‘Okay’|url=http://www.illinoisprairie.info/chocokeh.htm|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20101224185657/http://www.illinoisprairie.info/chocokeh.htm|archivedate=24 December 2010|work=Illinoisprairie.info|date=16 September 2009}}.
  • Result: Jim Fay (16 September 2009), “The Choctaw Expression ‘Okeh’ and the Americanism ‘Okay’”, in Illinoisprairie.info[2], archived from the original on 24 December 2010.

ParametersEdit

All parameters are optional except for those marked "Mandatory", and may contain inline interwiki or external links as needed.

Parameter Description
Applicable to all works
author
or
last and first
The author's name. Use either author, or last and first, not both. Additional authors can be added using the parameters author2 to author5, or last2 and first2 to last5 and first5.
authorlink The name of an English Wikipedia article about the author, which will be linked to the author's name. Additional articles can be linked to other authors' names using the parameters authorlink2 to authorlink5. Do not add the prefix ":en:" or "w:".

Alternatively, link the author's name directly, like this: "author=[[w:Charles Butler (lawyer)|Charles Butler]]" or "author={{w|Edward Coke}}".

coauthors The names of one or more coauthors. If there is more than one, separate the names with semicolons.
quotee The name of the person being quoted, if the whole passage quoted is a quotation of someone other than the author.
editor or editors The name of one or more editors of the work.
series and seriesvolume The series that the work belongs to, and the volume number of the work within the series.
url The URL or web address of a website where the full text of the work can be accessed. Do not link to any website that has content in breach of copyright.
archiveurl and archivedate The URL or web address of a webpage on a website such as the Internet Archive or Perma.cc at which the webpage has been archived, and the date on which the webpage was archived. Both archiveurl and archivedate must be used together.
edition The edition of the work. It is usually not necessary to indicate the first or only edition of a work.
location The location(s) where the work was published. If more than one location is stated, separate the locations with semicolons, like this: "London; New York, N.Y.".
publisher The name of one or more publishers of the work. If more than one publisher is stated, separate the names with semicolons.
(month and) year
or
date
Mandatory: the (month and) year, or date, of publication of the work.
year_published If year is used to state the year when the original version of the work was published, year_published can be used to state the year in which the version quoted from was published, for example, "|year=1665|year_published=2005".
format The format of the work, for example:
  • For a journal article: "PDF".
  • For a website: "blog" or "PDF".
genre The genre of the work.
language The language that the work is written in. It is unnecessary to indicate the language if the work is written in English.
volume If the work is one of a set consisting of multiple volumes, the volume number of the work referred to.
others Other information about the work.
page and/or pages The page number or range of page numbers referred to. The parameters page and pages can be used together to indicate that the citation refers to, for example, "page 3 of 10". If pages is used alone it can be used to indicate a range of pages. For example, "pages=1–2" will display "pages 1–2". Use an en dash to separate the page numbers in the range.
pageurl The URL or web address of the webpage containing the page of the work referred to. The page number(s) will be linked to this webpage.
section If the page of the work referred to has no number (for example, "frontispiece" or "title page"), use this parameter to refer to it. The word "page" or "pages" will not be displayed.
sectionurl The URL or web address of the webpage containing the section of the work referred to. The section number will be linked to this webpage.
quote
or
passage
A quotation from the work that you wish to quote.
Books
chapter
or
entry
The name of the chapter of, or entry in, the book referred to. You can either specify a chapter number (for example, "chapter=7") or a chapter title (for example, "chapter=Introduction").
trans-chapter
or
trans-entry
If the chapter of, or entry in, the work is not in English, one of these parameters can be used to provide an English translation of the chapter or entry.
chapterurl The URL or web address of a website where the full text of the chapter of, or entry in, the book can be accessed.
title Mandatory: the title of the book.
trans-title If the title of the book is not in English, this parameter can be used to provide an English translation of the title.
isbn, oclc or id The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) or Online Computer Library Center (OCLC) number (which can be looked up at the WorldCat website) of the book. If the book's ISBN number is stated, it is usually not necessary to indicate its OCLC number.

Use id for an identifier other than the ones listed above.

Journal articles
title The title of the journal article.
trans-title If the title of the journal article is not in English, use this parameter to provide an English translation of the title.
journal Mandatory: the name of the journal. The parameter names magazine, periodical and work may also be used.
trans-work If the name of the journal is not in English, this parameter can be used to provide an English translation of the name.
version The version of the journal article quoted.
issue The issue number of the journal referred to. For example, if the issue is "volume 1, number 3", then type "issue=3".
bibcode, doi, issn, jstor, lccn, oclc, pmid, ssrn or id The Bibcode, digital object identifier (DOI), JSTOR number, Library of Congress Control Number (LCCN), Online Computer Library Center (OCLC) number (which can be looked up at the WorldCat website), PubMed Identifier (PMID), and/or Social Sciences Research Network (SSRN) number of the journal article, and/or the International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) of the journal.

Use id for an identifier other than the ones listed above.

Websites
title
or
entry
The title of the webpage.

Use |entry= if you wish the title to be linked directly to the URL or web address of the webpage. (If you use |title=, the URL appears as a superscript number after the name of the website containing the webpage which is specified using |work=.)

trans-title
or
trans-entry
If the title of the webpage is not in English, use one of these parameters to provide an English translation of the title.
work Mandatory: the name of the website containing the webpage. In addition to work, blog or site can also be used.
trans-work If the name of the website is not in English, this parameter can be used to provide an English translation of the name.

Technical informationEdit

This template makes use of {{citation/core}} and the following tracking categories: