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This documentation is transcluded from Template:Complex date/doc.

This template allows translation (localization) of many non-trivial phrases related to date description. This template is capable of creating much more complicated phrases than {{Other date}} template removing the need for nested {{Other date}} templates.

The template automatically sets the following categories: Category:Pages using Complex date template with incorrect parameter (when errors are detected)

Usage

{{Complex date |conj= |date1= |adj1= |precision1= |era1= |date2= |adj2= |precision2= |era2= }}

Template parameters

ParameterDescriptionDefaultStatus
conj
1
conjunctionConjunction or the link between the two dates. In general complex dates are created from two phrases describing date #1 and date #2 combined by a conjunction. Possible values:
  1. Main use: "-" (same as "from-until"), "between", "or", "and".
  2. This parameter also takes names of calendar phrases, like "Julian" or "Islamic"
  3. For compatibility with syntax of {{Other date}} template, which handles simple phrases, conj can take inputs which are described in parameters: adj1, precision1 and era1
  4. Others, like "unknown" and "year unknown"
emptyoptional
date1
2
date
date #1First date in ISO 8601 format or as a number. Format depends on precision:
  • day - for dates with precision up to a day use "YYYY-MM-DD"
  • month - for dates with precision up to a month use "YYYY-MM" format
  • year - for dates with precision up to a year use "YYYY" format (or shorter)
  • decade - for dates with precision up to a decade use "YYY0" format and set precision1=decade
  • century - for dates with precision up to a century use century number or date in "YY00" format and set precision1=century
  • millennium - for dates with precision up to a millennium use millennium number or date in "Y000" format and set precision1=millennium
  • this template was not tested for dates with higher or lower precision.
emptyoptional
adj1
adj
adjective #1Adjectives and prepositions used to describe first date. Possible values:
  • Adjectives: "early", "mid", "late"
  • Fractions: "1st half", "2nd half", "1st quarter", "2nd quarter", "3rd quarter", "4th quarter",
  • Seasons: "spring", "summer", "fall", "winter",
  • Prepositions: "before", "after", "from", "until", "by", "circa", etc.
  • emptyoptional
    precision1
    units1
    precision #1Precision of the date #1. Can be provided as:
  • string: "decade", "century", "millennium". Precisions more accurate than decade do not have to be explicitly stated, since format of the date1 parameter will be used to pick the value.
  • integer following wikibase date format: 6 - millenia, 7 - century, 8 - decade, 9 - year, 10 - month, 11 - day
  • emptyoptional
    era1era #1Era of date #1
  • for dates before birth of Christ use BC (Before Christ) or BCE (Before Common Era)
  • for dates after birth of Christ use CE (Common Era) or AD (Anno Domini) (if you would like era to be specified)
  • use BP for Before Present years
  • use AH for dates in Islamic calendar
  • emptyoptional
    date2
    3
    date #2Second date in the same format as date #1.emptyoptional
    adj2adjective #2Adjectives and prepositions used to describe second date. See description of adj1 for details.emptyoptional
    precision2
    units2
    precision #2Precision of the date #2. See description of precision1 for details.emptyoptional
    era2era #2Era of date #2. See description of era1 for details.emptyoptional
    precision
    units
    precisionPrecision of the date #1 and #2. See description of precision1 for details.emptyoptional
    eraeraEra of date #1 and #2. See description of era1 for details.emptyoptional
    certaintycertaintycertainty of the statement. Supported values: possibly, probably, presumably and circa. ("circa" can be also used as adjective). This parameter was added to allow compatibility with Wikidata's sourcing circumstances (P1480) qualifier when used to describe a date.emptyoptional
    langlanguagelanguage code (only needs to be provided if the language shall be fixed and independent of the user's preferences)language code of the user languageoptional

    Additional information

    The template is intended to be used in the following namespaces: all namespaces

    The template is intended to be used by the following user groups: all users

    Relies on:
    module:Complex date

    See also

    Translations at module:i18n/complex date

    Examples

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    date notations with two dates

    {{{1}}} parameter Example Code Output
    -
    from-until
    {{complex date|-|1999|2000}}
    {{complex date|-|1999-01|2000-02}}
    {{complex date|-|1999-01-01|2000-02-01}}

    from 1999 until 2000
    from January 1999 until February 2000
    from 1 January 1999 until 1 February 2000

    between {{complex date|between|1999|2000}}
    {{complex date|between|1999-02|2000-03}}
    {{complex date|between|1999-02-01|2000-03-01}}

    between 1999 and 2000
    between February 1999 and March 2000
    between 1 February 1999 and 1 March 2000

    ~
    ca
    circa
    {{complex date|~|1999|2000}}
    {{complex date|ca|1999-05|2000-06}}
    {{complex date|circa|1999-05-01|2000-06-1}}

    between circa 1999 and circa 2000
    between circa May 1999 and circa June 2000
    between circa 1 May 1999 and circa 1 June 2000

    or {{complex date|or|1999|2000}}
    {{complex date|or|1999-06|2000-07}}
    {{complex date|or|1999-06-01|2000-07-1}}

    1999 or 2000
    June 1999 or July 2000
    1 June 1999 or 1 July 2000

    and
    &
    {{complex date|&|1999|2000}}
    {{complex date|and|1999-06|2000-07}}
    {{complex date|and|1999-06-01|2000-07-01}}

    1999 and 2000
    June 1999 and July 2000
    1 June 1999 and 1 July 2000

    Julian {{complex date|Julian|1865-01-19|1865-01-07}}

    19 January 1865 (7 January 1865 in Julian calendar)

    Islamic {{complex date|islamic|1486|892}}
    {{complex date|islamic|1486}}
    1486 AD (892 AH)
    1486 AD (891 AH)
    era parameter {{complex date|or|985|986|era=BC}}

    985 or 986 BC

    date notations with single date

    Date notations with single date can use the second date for era, like BC or AD.

    {{{1}}} parameter Example Code Output Example Code with era Output with era
    <
    b
    before
    {{complex date|<|2000}}
    {{complex date|b|2000-03}}
    {{complex date|before|2000-03-01}}
    before 2000
    date QS:P,+2000-00-00T00:00:00Z/7,P1326,+2000-00-00T00:00:00Z/9

    before March 2000
    date QS:P,+2000-03-00T00:00:00Z/7,P1326,+2000-03-00T00:00:00Z/10

    before 1 March 2000
    date QS:P,+2000-03-01T00:00:00Z/7,P1326,+2000-03-01T00:00:00Z/11
    {{complex date|<|99|era=BC}} before 99 BC
    >
    a
    after
    {{complex date|>|1999}}
    {{complex date|a|1999-04}}
    {{complex date|after|1999-04-01}}
    after 1999
    date QS:P,+1999-00-00T00:00:00Z/7,P1319,+1999-00-00T00:00:00Z/9

    after April 1999
    date QS:P,+1999-04-00T00:00:00Z/7,P1319,+1999-04-00T00:00:00Z/10

    after 1 April 1999
    date QS:P,+1999-04-01T00:00:00Z/7,P1319,+1999-04-01T00:00:00Z/11
    {{complex date|>|99|era=BC}} after 99 BC
    by {{complex date|by|1999}}
    {{complex date|by|1999-04}}
    {{complex date|by|1999-04-01}}
    by 1999
    date QS:P,+1999-00-00T00:00:00Z/7,P1326,+1999-00-00T00:00:00Z/9

    by April 1999
    date QS:P,+1999-04-00T00:00:00Z/7,P1326,+1999-04-00T00:00:00Z/10

    by 1 April 1999
    date QS:P,+1999-04-01T00:00:00Z/7,P1326,+1999-04-01T00:00:00Z/11
    {{complex date|by|99|era=BC}} by 99 BC
    from {{complex date|from|1999}}
    {{complex date|from|1999-04}}
    {{complex date|from|1999-04-01}}
    from 1999
    date QS:P,+1999-00-00T00:00:00Z/7,P580,+1999-00-00T00:00:00Z/9

    from April 1999
    date QS:P,+1999-04-00T00:00:00Z/7,P580,+1999-04-00T00:00:00Z/10

    from 1 April 1999
    date QS:P,+1999-04-01T00:00:00Z/7,P580,+1999-04-01T00:00:00Z/11
    {{complex date|from|99|era=BC}} from 99 BC
    until {{complex date|until|1999}}
    {{complex date|until|1999-04}}
    {{complex date|until|1999-04-01}}
    until 1999
    date QS:P,+1999-00-00T00:00:00Z/7,P582,+1999-00-00T00:00:00Z/9

    until April 1999
    date QS:P,+1999-04-00T00:00:00Z/7,P582,+1999-04-00T00:00:00Z/10

    until 1 April 1999
    date QS:P,+1999-04-01T00:00:00Z/7,P582,+1999-04-01T00:00:00Z/11
    {{complex date|until|99|era=BC}} until 99 BC
    ~
    ca
    circa
    {{complex date|~|1999}}
    {{complex date|ca|1999-05}}
    {{complex date|circa|1999-05-01}}
    circa 1999
    date QS:P,+1999-00-00T00:00:00Z/9,P1480,Q5727902

    circa May 1999
    date QS:P,+1999-05-00T00:00:00Z/10,P1480,Q5727902

    circa 1 May 1999
    date QS:P,+1999-05-01T00:00:00Z/11,P1480,Q5727902
    {{complex date|~|99|era=BC}} circa 99 BC
    s
    decade
    {{complex date|s|1960}}
    {{complex date|decade|1800}}
    1960s
    date QS:P,+1960-00-00T00:00:00Z/8

    1800s
    date QS:P,+1800-00-00T00:00:00Z/8
    {{complex date|s|960|era=BCE}} 960s BC
    date QS:P,-960-00-00T00:00:00Z/8
    century {{complex date|century|1}}
    {{complex date|century|20}}
    1st century
    date QS:P,+050-00-00T00:00:00Z/7

    20th century
    date QS:P,+1950-00-00T00:00:00Z/7
    {{complex date|century|1|era=BC}} 1st century BC
    date QS:P,-050-00-00T00:00:00Z/7
    millennium {{complex date|millennium|1}} 1st millennium
    date QS:P,+0500-00-00T00:00:00Z/6
    {{complex date|millennium|2|era=BC}} 2nd millennium BC
    date QS:P,-1500-00-00T00:00:00Z/6
    turn of the decade {{complex date|turn of the decade|1920}}
    {{complex date|turn of the decade|1800}}
    late 1910s and early 1920s
    late 1790s and early 1800s
    {{complex date|turn of the decade|920|era=BC}} late 920s and early 910s BC
    turn of the century {{complex date|turn of the century|2}}
    {{complex date|turn of the century|20}}
    turn of the 1/2nd century
    turn of the 19/20th century
    {{complex date|turn of the century|2|era=BC}} turn of the 2/1st century BC
    turn of the year {{complex date|turn of the year|1992}} late 1991 and early 1992 {{complex date|turn of the year|922|era=BC}} late 922 and early 921 BC
    spring {{complex date|spring|1999}} Spring 1999
    date QS:P,+1999-00-00T00:00:00Z/9,P4241,Q40720559
    {{complex date|spring|99|era=AD}} Spring 99 AD
    summer {{complex date|summer|1999}} Summer 1999
    date QS:P,+1999-00-00T00:00:00Z/9,P4241,Q40720564
    {{complex date|summer|99|era=BC}} Summer 99 BC
    fall
    autumn
    {{complex date|fall|1999}}
    {{complex date|autumn|1999}}
    Autumn 1999
    date QS:P,+1999-00-00T00:00:00Z/9,P4241,Q40720568

    Autumn 1999
    date QS:P,+1999-00-00T00:00:00Z/9,P4241,Q40720568
    {{complex date|fall|99|era=AD}} Autumn 99 AD
    winter {{complex date|winter|1999}} Winter 1999
    date QS:P,+1999-00-00T00:00:00Z/9,P4241,Q40720553
    {{complex date|winter|99|era=BC}} Winter 99 BC
    beginning
    early
    {{complex date|early|1999-08}}
    {{complex date|beginning|1999}}
    early August 1999
    date QS:P,+1999-08-00T00:00:00Z/10,P4241,Q40719727

    early 1999
    date QS:P,+1999-00-00T00:00:00Z/9,P4241,Q40719727
    {{complex date|early|99|era=BC}} early 99 BC
    mid
    middle
    {{complex date|mid|1999-10}}
    {{complex date|middle|1999}}
    mid October 1999
    date QS:P,+1999-10-00T00:00:00Z/10,P4241,Q40719748

    mid 1999
    date QS:P,+1999-00-00T00:00:00Z/9,P4241,Q40719748
    {{complex date|mid|99|era=BC}} mid 99 BC
    end
    late
    {{complex date|end|1999-11}}
    {{complex date|late|1999}}
    late November 1999
    date QS:P,+1999-11-00T00:00:00Z/10,P4241,Q40719766

    late 1999
    date QS:P,+1999-00-00T00:00:00Z/9,P4241,Q40719766
    {{complex date|end|99|era=BCE}} late 99 BC
    firsthalf
    1half
    1sthalf
    first half
    1st half
    {{complex date|firsthalf|1999-11}}
    {{complex date|1half|1999}}
    first half of November 1999
    date QS:P,+1999-11-00T00:00:00Z/10,P4241,Q40719687

    first half of 1999
    date QS:P,+1999-00-00T00:00:00Z/9,P4241,Q40719687
    {{complex date|firsthalf|99|era=BC}} first half of 99 BC
    secondhalf
    2half
    2ndhalf
    second half
    2nd half
    {{complex date|secondhalf|1999-11}}
    {{complex date|2half|1999}}
    second half of November 1999
    date QS:P,+1999-11-00T00:00:00Z/10,P4241,Q40719707

    second half of 1999
    date QS:P,+1999-00-00T00:00:00Z/9,P4241,Q40719707
    {{complex date|secondhalf|99|era=BCE}} second half of 99 BC
    1quarter
    quarter1
    1stquarter
    1st quarter
    {{complex date|1quarter|1815-09}}
    {{complex date|1quarter|1815}}<br>{{complex date|1quarter|18|units=century}}<br>{{complex date|1quarter|18|units=millennium}}
    first quarter of September 1815
    date QS:P,+1815-09-00T00:00:00Z/10,P4241,Q40690303

    first quarter of 1815
    date QS:P,+1815-00-00T00:00:00Z/9,P4241,Q40690303

    first quarter of 18th century
    date QS:P,+1750-00-00T00:00:00Z/7,P4241,Q40690303

    first quarter of 18th millennium
    date QS:P,+17500-00-00T00:00:00Z/6,P4241,Q40690303
    {{complex date|1quarter|99|era=BC}} first quarter of 99 BC
    2quarter
    quarter2
    2ndquarter
    2nd quarter
    {{complex date|2quarter|1815-09}}
    {{complex date|2quarter|1815}}<br>{{complex date|2quarter|18|units=century}}<br>{{complex date|2quarter|18|units=millennium}}
    second quarter of September 1815
    date QS:P,+1815-09-00T00:00:00Z/10,P4241,Q40719649

    second quarter of 1815
    date QS:P,+1815-00-00T00:00:00Z/9,P4241,Q40719649

    second quarter of 18th century
    date QS:P,+1750-00-00T00:00:00Z/7,P4241,Q40719649

    second quarter of 18th millennium
    date QS:P,+17500-00-00T00:00:00Z/6,P4241,Q40719649
    {{complex date|2quarter|99|era=BC}} second quarter of 99 BC
    3quarter
    quarter3
    3rdquarter
    3rd quarter
    {{complex date|3quarter|1815-09}}
    {{complex date|3quarter|1815}}<br>{{complex date|3quarter|18|units=century}}<br>{{complex date|3quarter|18|units=millennium}}
    third quarter of September 1815
    date QS:P,+1815-09-00T00:00:00Z/10,P4241,Q40719662

    third quarter of 1815
    date QS:P,+1815-00-00T00:00:00Z/9,P4241,Q40719662

    third quarter of 18th century
    date QS:P,+1750-00-00T00:00:00Z/7,P4241,Q40719662

    third quarter of 18th millennium
    date QS:P,+17500-00-00T00:00:00Z/6,P4241,Q40719662
    {{complex date|3quarter|99|era=BC}} third quarter of 99 BC
    4quarter
    quarter4
    4thquarter
    4th quarter
    {{complex date|4quarter|1815-09}}
    {{complex date|4quarter|1815}}<br>{{complex date|4quarter|18|units=century}}<br>{{complex date|4quarter|18|units=millennium}}
    fourth quarter of September 1815
    date QS:P,+1815-09-00T00:00:00Z/10,P4241,Q40719674

    fourth quarter of 1815
    date QS:P,+1815-00-00T00:00:00Z/9,P4241,Q40719674

    fourth quarter of 18th century
    date QS:P,+1750-00-00T00:00:00Z/7,P4241,Q40719674

    fourth quarter of 18th millennium
    date QS:P,+17500-00-00T00:00:00Z/6,P4241,Q40719674
    {{complex date|4quarter|99|era=BC}} fourth quarter of 99 BC
    possibly {{complex date|possibly|1815-09}}
    {{complex date|possibly|1815}}
    possibly possibly September 1815
    possibly possibly 1815
    {{complex date|possibly|99|era=BC}} possibly possibly 99 BC
    probably {{complex date|probably|1815-09}}
    {{complex date|probably|1815}}
    probably probably September 1815
    probably probably 1815
    {{complex date|probably|99|era=BC}} probably probably 99 BC
    presumably {{complex date|presumably|1815-09}}
    {{complex date|presumably|1815}}
    presumably presumably September 1815
    presumably presumably 1815
    {{complex date|presumably|99|era=BC}} presumably presumably 99 BC
    BC
    BCE
    {{complex date|BC|44-03-15}}
    {{complex date|BCE|44}}
    15 March 44 BC
    44 BC
    AD
    CE
    {{complex date|AD|944-03}}
    {{complex date|CE|944}}
    March 944 AD
    944 AD
    ?
    unknown
    {{complex date|?}}
    {{complex date|unknown}}
    Unknown date
    Unknown date

    Unknown date
    Unknown date
    {{complex date|?||era=BC}} Unknown date
    Unknown date
    BC
    year unknown {{complex date|year unknown}} year unknown
    Unknown date
    {{complex date|year unknown|era=BC}} year unknown
    Unknown date
    BC