Public domain The copyright situation of this work is theoretically uncertain, because in the country of origin copyright lasts 70 years after the death of the author, and the date of the author's death is unknown. However, the date of creation of the work was over 120 years ago, and it is thus a reasonable assumption that the copyright has expired (see here for the community discussion). Do not use this template if the date of death of the author is known.

This work is in the public domain in its country of origin and other countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 70 years or fewer.

Dialog-warning.svg You must also include a United States public domain tag to indicate why this work is in the public domain in the United States. Note that a few countries have copyright terms longer than 70 years: Mexico has 100 years, Jamaica has 95 years, Colombia has 80 years, and Guatemala and Samoa have 75 years. This image may not be in the public domain in these countries, which moreover do not implement the rule of the shorter term. Côte d'Ivoire has a general copyright term of 99 years and Honduras has 75 years, but they do implement the rule of the shorter term. Copyright may extend on works created by French who died for France in World War II (more information), Russians who served in the Eastern Front of World War II (known as the Great Patriotic War in Russia) and posthumously rehabilitated victims of Soviet repressions (more information).

This template will categorize into Category:PD Old (assumed).
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This documentation is transcluded from Template:PD-old-assumed/doc.

Warning sign Please use {{PD-old}} or {{PD-old-auto}} when knowing the death date of the author in preference to this template, or if the work was created more than 190 years ago by an unknown author, as it is literally impossible for the author to have died more than 120 years after creating the work unless they were Jeanne Calment and created the work as a baby.

The licensing Template:PD-old-assumed automatically re-calculates the current public-domain year span, based on the duration of the term for copyright protection in the country where the work was first published.

Impact - This template applies to ~1686 files.

The template automatically sets the following categories: Category:PD Old (assumed)


{{PD-old-assumed |duration= }}

Template parameters

copyright lengthThe duration of the term for copyright protection after the author's death.70optional

Additional information

The template is intended to be used in the following namespaces: the File namespace

The template is intended to be used by the following user groups: all users

Placement: In the "Permission" parameter of the {{Information}} template (or the respective parameter of similar templates) or in the "Licensing" section

See also


To add your language to the list of languages supported by this template, please edit the template and add a row to the "{{LangSwitch|}}" construct. It takes the form "|xx= Your translation " (xx being the code of your language)

Used for works without a known author and created 50 + copyright duration years ago.

Template parameters

11 duration year

The duration of the term for copyright protection after the author's death


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