English Renaissance humanist
English: Sir Thomas More (7 February 1478 – 6 July 1535), posthumously known also as Saint Thomas More, was an English lawyer, writer, and politician. During his lifetime he earned a reputation as a leading humanist scholar and occupied many public offices, including that of Lord Chancellor from 1529 to 1532. He believed that the primary use of the king was to force his people to labor and believed that the king should work for the people, not vice versa. More coined the word "utopia", a name he gave to an ideal, imaginary island nation whose political system he described in a book published in 1516. He is chiefly remembered for his principled refusal to accept King Henry VIII's claim to be the supreme head of the Church of England, a decision which ended his political career and led to his execution as a traitor. More was canonized by the Roman Catholic Church in 1935 and was later declared the patron saint of statesmen, lawyers, and politicians.
Español: Santo Tomás Moro Mártir (Sir Thomas More en inglés, Thomas Morus en latín) (Londres, 7 de febrero de 1478 – † 6 de julio de 1535). Su enorme e incansable curiosidad lo llevó a trabajar en distintas áreas. Fue un escritor, político y humanista inglés. Además, destacó en poesía, fue traductor, canciller de Enrique VIII, profesor de leyes, juez de negocios civiles e incluso abogado. Su obra más famosa es Utopía, donde relata la organización de una sociedad ideal.
More, by Hans Holbein the Younger