User:Donald Trung/상평통보

This is a list of variants of the Sangpyeong Tongbo on Wikimedia Commons by mint marks.

Note 📝: As this list 📃 uses the lists of mint marks from two (2) different language versions of Wikipedia this page is bilingual, but as it concerns the actual images on Wikimedia Commons the only imported factors are the mint mark + the image.

Government mintsEdit

Mint mark Hangul Name of the agency in Hanja Name of the agency in Hangul Romanised Name in English Year introduced Image
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戶曹
호조
Hojo Treasury Department 1678  
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工曹
공조
Kongjo Ministry of Industry 1685
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均役廳
균역청
Kyunyokchong Government Tithe Office 1807
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司仆寺
사부사
Kyong Saboksi Bureau of Royal Transportation 1678
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賑恤廳
진휼청
Chinhyulchong Charity Office in Seoul 1742
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粮餉廳
량향청
Yanghyangchong Food Supply Office 1742
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宣惠廳
선혜청
Sonhyechong Rice and Cloth Department 1742  
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宣惠廳
선혜청
Sonhyechong Rice and Cloth Department 1806
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典圜局
전원국
Chonhwanguk Central Government Mint 1833
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兵曹
병조
Pyongjo Ministry of Military Affairs 1742
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備邊司
비변사
Pibyonsa National Defense Bureau 1742
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捻戎廳
염융청
Chongyungchong General Military Office 1692
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御营廳
어영청
Oyongchong Special Army Unit 1678
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(1)
武備司
무비사
Mubisa Armaments Bureau 1742
武 (2)
(2)
武衛營
무위영
Muwiyong Guard Office at the Palace 1742
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禁衛營
금위영
Kumwiyong Court Guard Military Unit 1742
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訓練都監
훈연도감
Hullyondogam Military Training Command 1678  
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精抄廳
정초청
Chongchochong Commando Military Unit 1678
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(1)
統營
통영
Tongyŏng Tongyeong Naval Office 1727
統 (2)
(2)
統衛營
통위영
Tongwiyong Military Office in Seoul 1727
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經理廳
경리청
Kyŏngnichong Government Office of Pukhan Mountain Fortress 1830
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守御廳
수어청
Suochong Seoul Defense Fort 1742
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沁華管理
심화관이
Sim Kanghwa Kwalliyong Kanghwa Township Military Office 1883
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開城管理營
개성관이영
Kaesong Kwalliyong Kaesong Township Military Office 1678  
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開城管理營
개성관이영
Kaesong Kwalliyong (Song) Kaesong Township Military Office 1882
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利原管理營
리원관이영
Iwon Kwalliyong Iwon Township Military Office 1882
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水原管理營
수원관이영
Suwon Kalliyong Suwon Township Military Office 1727
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原州管理營
원주관이영
Wonju Kwalliyong Wonju Township Military Office 1678
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海州管理營
해주관이영
Haeju Kwalliyong Haeju Township Military Office 1742
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春川管理營
춘천관이영
Ch'unch'on Kwalliyong Ch'unch'on Township Military Office 1888
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端川管理營
단천관이영
Tanch'on Kwalliyong Tanch'on Township Military Office 1883
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(1)
昌德宮
창덕궁
Ch'angdŏk Kung Ch'angdŏk Palace Mint 1864
昌 (2)
(2)
昌原管理營
창원관이영
Ch'angwon Kwalliyong Ch'angwon Township Military Office 1864
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廣州管理營
광주관이영
Kwangju Kwalliyong Kwangju Township Military Office in Kyonggi Province 1742
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京畿監營
경기감영
Kyŏnggi Kamyong Kyŏnggi Provincial Office 1742
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경수
京畿水營
경기수영
Kyŏnggi Suyong Kyŏnggi Naval Station 1742
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黃海監營
황해감영
Hwanghae Kamyong Hwanghae Provincial Office 1742
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平安監營
평안감영
P'yŏngan Kamyong P'yŏngan Provincial Office 1678
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평병
平安兵營
평안병영
P'yŏngan Pyongyong P'yŏngan Military Fort 1678
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咸鏡監營
함경감영
Hamgyong Kamyong Hamyong Provincial Office 1742
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함북
咸鏡北營
함경북영
Hamgyong Pugyong North Hamyong Provincial Office 1742
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함남
咸鏡南營
함경남영
Hamgyong Namyong South Hamyong Provincial Office 1742
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江原監營
강원감영
Kangwon Kamyong Kangwon Provincial Office 1742
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慶尚監營
경상감영
Kyongsang Kamyong Kyongsang Provincial Office 1695  
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상수
慶尚水營
경상수영
Kyongsang Suyong Kyongsang Naval Station 1695
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상우
慶尚右營
경상우영
Kyongsang Uyong Kyongsang Right Naval Base 1695
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상좌
慶尚左營
경상좌영
Kyongsang Chwayong Kyongsang Left Naval Base 1695
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全羅監營
전라감영
Chŏlla Kamyong Chŏlla Provincial Office 1682
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전병
全羅兵營
전라병영
Chŏlla Pyongyong Chŏlla Military Fort 1678
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전우
全羅右營
전라우영
Chŏlla Uyong Chŏlla Right Naval Base 1678
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전좌
全羅左營
전라좌영
Chŏlla Chwayong Chŏlla Left Naval Base 1678
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忠清監營
충청감영
Ch'ungch'ŏng Kamyong Ch'ungch'ŏng Provincial Office 1742

QianziwenEdit

Om te kunnen vaststellen door welke ovens de Sangpyeong Tongbo munten werden geslagen, hebben sommige Koreaanse mun-munten speciale munttekens. Om de cijfers 1 tot en met 44 vast te kunnen stellen werden de eerste 44 karakters uit de Qianziwen gebruikt. Dit waren “天地玄黄 宇宙洪荒 日月盈昃 辰宿列張 寒来暑往 秋收冬藏 閏餘成歲 律吕調陽 雲騰致雨 露結為霜 金生麗水“. Hiernaast werden ook andere karakters gebruikt om te kunnen vaststellen van welke oven de Sangpyeong Tongbo munt kwam.

Wu XingEdit

De Vijf Elementen werden door sommige munthuizen gebruikt als munttekens om te kunnen nagaan uit welke oven deze Sangpyeong Tongbo munten kwamen.

Muntteken
(Hanja)
Koreaanse naam Beteknis in het Nederlands Afbeelding
Kum Metaal
Mok Houd
Su Water 💦
Hwa Vuur
To Aarde

De Tien Hemelse StengelsEdit

De Tien Hemelse Stengels werden gebruikt door munthuizen om ovens van één tot tien te kunnen benoemen.

Muntteken
(Hanja)
Koreaanse naam Oven nummer Afbeelding
Gap Één
Eul Twee
byeong Drie
jeong Vier
Mu Vijf
Gi Zes
Gyeong Zeven
Sin Acht
Im Negen
Gye Tien

De Twaalf Aardse TakkenEdit

Naast de tien hemelse stengels dragen sommige Sangpyeong Tongbo munten munttekens gebaseerd op de Twaalf Aardse Takken om de ovennummers aan te geven.

Muntteken
(Hanja)
Koreaanse naam Oven nummer Afbeelding
Cha Één
Ch'uk Twee
In Drie
Myo Vier
Ch'en Vijf
Sa Zes
O Zeven
Mi Acht
Sin Negen
Yu Tien
Sul Elf
Hae Twaalf

Munten met de trigram “☳”Edit

Een klein aantal 2 mun-munten, geslagen door de T'ongyong marinebasis, hebben één van de acht trigrammen aan de rechterkant van de munt, dit is “☳” (Chin) wat donder betekent.

Overige munttekensEdit

Er bestaan naast de karakters hierboven nog een aantal andere munttekens waarvan hun betekenis momenteel onbekend is, deze munttekens zijn:

Muntteken
(Hanja)
Koreaanse naam Betekenis in het Nederlands Afbeelding
Ip Binnengaan
Tae Groot(s)
Kong Arbeid
Chon Duizend
Mun Kèpèng
Won Eerste
Chon Hemel
Chung Midden
Chong Rechtopstaand
Saeng Waren
Kwang Licht
Chon Compleet
Kil Gunstig
Wan Beëindigd