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Orange technology[1][2][3][4][5] is a newly emerged interdisciplinary research area for integration and innovation of health, happiness, and care technologies. The research scope includes computer science, electrical engineering, biomedical engineering, psychological/physiological science, cognitive science, social science, and dechnology (design + technology). The representative color of orange technology originates from a harmonic fusion of red (representing brightness of health and happiness) and yellow (representing warming care). Instead of emphasizing the relations between environments and humans, as proposed by green technology, the objective of orange technology is to bring more health, happiness, warming care, and more mental wellness to society. [2][3][6][7][8][9]


OriginsEdit

The idea of Orange Technology was first proposed by Professor Jhing-Fa Wang[4][5][1][2][3][7][10], at the Department of Electrical Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan, 2009 [11]. It calls on worldwide scientists, economists, psychologist, sociologist, engineers, and all the other experts to devote their attention to such a movement: From Green movement to Orange movement. Orange movement not only underscores the importance of the research on humanistic technologies, but also brings more health, happiness, and warm care to human beings eventually.

During the past 200 years, the industrial revolution has caused a considerable effect on human lifestyles[12][13]. A number of changes occurred [14] with the rapid growth of the economy and technology, including the information revolution[14], the second industrial revolution[15], and biotechnology development. Although such evolution was considerably beneficial to humans, it has caused a number of problems, such as capitalism, utilitarianism, poverty gap, global warming, and an aging population [12][13]. Because of recent changes, a number of people recognized these crises and appealed for effective solutions[16], for example, the green movement[17], which successfully creates awareness of environmental protection and leads to the development of green technology or green computing. However, the green movement does not concentrate on body and mind balance. Therefore, a solution that is feasible for shortening the discrepancy between technology and humanity is of utmost concern. In 1972, the King of Bhutan proposed a new concept that used gross national happiness (GNH) [18] to describe the standard of living of a country, instead of using gross domestic product (GDP). The GNH has attracted considerable attention because it measured the mental health of people. Similar ideas were also proposed in other works. For example, Andrew Oswald advocated Happiness Economics [19] by combining economics with other research fields, such as psychology and sociology. Moreover, a book entitled “Well-Being” [20], which was written by Daniel Kahneman (a Nobel Prize winner in Economic Sciences in 2002) explained the fundamentals of happy psychology. The common objective of those theories is to upgrade the living quality of humans, and to bring more happiness into our daily lives. Recently, the IEEE launched the humanitarian technology challenge (HTC) project [21] by sponsoring resource-constrained areas to build reliable electricity and medical facilities. Such an action also highlights the importance of humanistic care. Like the HTC project, Intel has supported a center for aging services technologies (CAST) (www.agingtech.org), and its objective is to accelerate development of innovative healthcare technologies. Several academic institutes responded to the trend and subsequently initiated medical care research, such as the “CodeBlue” and “Mercury” projects at Harvard University[22] and “Computers in the Human Interaction Loop” (CHIL) at Carnegie Mellon University[23]. Recent surveys on global healthcare markets and aging population also revealed the same phenomenon. In response to the world trend[24]and inspired by those related concepts [12][13][19][20][17][21][22][25][23], Professor Wang created a new interdiscipline “Orange Technology” for studying and promoting health, happiness, and humanistic care[7][26]. Orange technology and green technology complement each other well. Green technology focuses on environmental protection, whereas orange technology highlights humanism/humanitarianism. Both plug the gap generated by the opposite side.


Holistic mission of orange technology: Green technology focuses on environmental protection, whereas orange technology highlights humanism/humanitarianism. Both plug the gap generated by the opposite side[3]

ModelEdit

  • H2O Model: According to the studies [3][5], Wang et al. proposed a concept for modeling health, happiness, and warming care. As water is essential to life on earth, Health model, Happiness model, and Offering/Caring/Warming model are abbreviated to H2O, for it symbolizes the essence of body and mind. The following figures show the three models.

Research scopeEdit

Regarding the research fields of Orange Technology[4][5], it includes the studies on 1) health technology, 2) happiness technology, and 3) warming care technology. The detailed research fields may include:

  1. Healthcare and disease treatment for the elderly.
  2. Healthcare and disease treatment for children.
  3. Care and disaster relief for striken areas.
  4. Care for low-income families.
  5. Care for those with the problems of physiology, psychology, and spirits (i.e., body and mind care).

Orange Technology can even be extended to other areas, such as Orange Economy, Orange Design, Orange Product, and Orange Space, Orange Service, to bring more health, happiness, and warm care to human beings.

Orange Technology Industry

Related activitiesEdit

  • The 1st Exposition on Orange Technology, Tainan, Taiwan, 2010
  • The 2nd Exposition on Orange Technology, Tainan, Taiwan, 2011
  • The 3rd Exposition on Orange Technology, Tainan, Taiwan, 2012
  • The Press Conference Orange Technology, Taipei, Taiwan, 2012
  • The Interview from Taiwan Public Television Service, 2012
  • Call-for-proposals by National Science Council, Taiwan, 2012
  • The Interdisciplinary Project: "Orange Technology——Research and Implementation of Advanced Health, Happiness, and Care Technologies," 2012-2014 [27]
This project is a three-year plan for studying human health, happiness, and care topics. Additionally, the research scope ranges widely from psychological, physiological science to human-mind research. This project is composed of the following seven subprojects:
  • Subproject 1: i-Care Cloud Robots for Senior Companion
  • Subproject 2: Study of Gross National Happiness
  • Subproject 3: Development of Brain-Body Fitness Training Program
  • Subproject 4: Recognizing Affection in Conversational Speech
  • Subproject 5: Research on Noncontact Millimeter-Wave Life Detection System and related CMOS MLDS Sensor RFICs for wireless healthcare applications
  • Subproject 6: Assessment and Intervention for Brain and Cognitive Aging
  • Subproject 7: Neuroscience of Well-Being: fMRI-Based Research on Happiness
Project overview: The subprojects can be classified into three layers according to their subjects, where the bottom layer is theoretical research, the middle layer is application development, and the top layer is related to national happiness. All the subprojects are surrounded by the central concept “orange technology”[27].
  • The 1st International Conference on Orange Technologies, Tainan, Taiwan, March 12-16, 2013[28]
  • Call-for-papers of the Special Issue in the Scientific World Journal, 2013[29]





See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. a b Wang, J.-F.; Chen, B.-W.; Fan, W.-K.; Li, C.-H. (2012), "Emotion-aware assistive system for humanistic care based on the orange computing concepp", Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing 2012, http://www.hindawi.com/journals/acisc/2012/183610/ 
  2. a b c Wang, J.-F.; Chen, B.-W. (Mar. 2012), "From green computing to orange computing: A newly defined interdisciplinary research area for integration and innovation of health, happiness and warming care technologies", IEEE Region 10 Newsletter: 10, http://www.ewh.ieee.org/reg/10/Newsletter/2012/R10_eNewsletter-March2012.pdf 
  3. a b c d e Wang, J.-F.; Chen, B.-W. (Nov. 2012), Orange technology: A power which changes the world (1st ed.), Tainan, Taiwan: Orange Technology and GNH Research and Development Center, National Cheng Kung University, ISBN 978-986-03-1829-6, http://books.google.com.tw/books/about/%E6%A9%98%E8%89%B2%E7%A7%91%E6%8A%80.html?id=plTTlgEACAAJ&redir_esc=y 
  4. a b c Wang, J.-F.; Chen, B.-W.; Chen, Y.-Y.; Chen, Y.-C. (Sep. 14–16, 2011), "Orange computing: Challenges and opportunities for affective signal processing", Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Signal Processing, Communications and Computing, Xian, China, pp. 1–4, http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpls/abs_all.jsp?arnumber=6061820&tag=1 
  5. a b c d Wang, J.-F.; Chen, B.-W. (Sep. 27–30, 2011), "Orange computing: Challenges and opportunities for awareness science and technology", Proc. 3rd Int. Conf. Awareness Science and Technology, Dalian, China, pp. 538–540, http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpls/abs_all.jsp?arnumber=6163186 
  6. Heeks, Richard (Apr. 2012), "Information technology and gross national happiness", Communications of the ACM 55 (4): 24-26, http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=2133815 
  7. a b c NCKU Prof. Jhing-Fa Wang Promotes Orange Technology, NCKU Press Center, April 9, 2010, http://proj.ncku.edu.tw/research/news/e/20100423/1.html, retrieved 2010-08-09 
  8. NCKU Prof. Jhing-Fa Wang Promotes Orange Technology, Business Wire Press, April 12, 2010, http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-224575796.html, retrieved 2010-08-09 
  9. Orange Technology Conference at NCKU, The Central News Agency, February 6, 2010, http://www.cna.com.tw/postwrite/cvpread.aspx?ID=50729, retrieved 2010-08-09 
  10. NCKU Faculty Data, NCKU, http://www.ee.ncku.edu.tw/nckueechinese/professor/T401-wangjf/T0000000e.html, retrieved 2010-08-16 
  11. Intelligent Living Space, Architecture and Building Research Institute, Ministry of the Interior, June 3, 2009, http://www.ils.org.tw/intelligent/IlsGoto.ashx?guid=F82661FCBD15186AFB7D0281D9ADB74A6ABAEBE86E8054E58B687EE36D5F634929C564169E443D27, retrieved 2010-08-12 
  12. a b c Jensen, M. C. (1993), "The modern industrial revolution, exit, and the failure of internal control systems", Journal of Applied Corporate Finance 22 (1): 43–58, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=93988 
  13. a b c Dunachie, F. (1996), "The success of the industrial revolution and the failure of political revolutions: how Britain got lucky", Historical Notes 26: 1–7, http://www.libertarian.co.uk/lapubs/histn/histn026.pdf 
  14. a b Veneris, Y. (1990), "Modelling the transition from the industrial to the informational revolution", Environment & Planning A 21 (3): 399–416, http://www.envplan.com/abstract.cgi?id=a220399 
  15. Hull, J. (1999), "The second industrial revolution: the history of a concept", Storia Della Storiografia 36: 81–90, http://www.envplan.com/abstract.cgi?id=a220399 
  16. Ashworth, P. (1990), "High technology and humanity for intensive care", Intensive Care Nursing 6 (3): 150–160, http://www.envplan.com/abstract.cgi?id=a220399 
  17. a b Gilk, P. (2009), Green Politics is Eutopian, Cambridge, UK: Lutterworth Press 
  18. Hargens, S. B. F. (2002), "Integral development—taking the middle path towards gross national happiness", Journal of Bhutan Studies 6: 24–87, http://himalaya.socanth.cam.ac.uk/collections/journals/jbs/pdf/JBS_06_03.pdf 
  19. a b Revkin, Andrew C. (2005-10-04). "A New Measure of Well-Being From a Happy Little Kingdom". New York Times. Retrieved on 2007-01-08.
  20. a b D. Kahneman; E. Diener; N. Schwarz (1999), "Well-being: The foundations of hedonic psychology", Intensive care nursing, 3 (Russell Sage Foundation) 6 
  21. a b IEEE launched the humanitarian technology challenge (HTC) project, http://www.ewh.ieee.org/reg/10/HTC/ieee_htc.html, retrieved 01 April 2013 
  22. a b Lorincz, K. (2004), "Sensor networks for emergency response: Challenges and opportunities", IEEE Pervasive Computing 3 (4): 16–23, http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=1038146 
  23. a b Waibel, A. (Dec. 2008), "Speech processing in support of human-human communication", Proc. 2nd Int. Symp. Universal Communication, Osaka, Japan, pp. 11, http://www.computer.org/csdl/proceedings/isuc/2008/3433/00/3433a011-abs.html 
  24. OECD Health Data 2012, Paris Cedex, France: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Jun. 2012, pp. 198–203 
  25. Ashworth P. (September, 1990), "High technology and humanity in intensive care", Intensive care nursing, 3 (Churchill Livingstone) 6 
  26. Orange Technology Conference Presentation, NCKU, November 18, 2009, http://zhncku.med.ncku.edu.tw/religion/adm/cake_adm/upload/photo/x485290520.ppt, retrieved 2010-08-06 
  27. a b Wang, H.-Y.; Chen, B.-W.; Bharanitharan, K.; Wu, J.-S.; Tseng, S.-P.; Wang, J.-F. (Mar. 12–16), Human-centric technology based on orange computing, Proc. Int. Conf. Orange Technologies, Tainan, Taiwan 
  28. 2013 International Conference on Orange Technologies, http://conf.ncku.edu.tw/icot2013/, retrieved 01 April 2013 
  29. 2013 Scientific World Journal: Special Issue on Detection, Measurement, and Enhancement of Happiness (DMEH), http://www.hindawi.com/journals/tswj/si/572715/cfp/, retrieved 22 February 2013 
Last modified on 11 April 2013, at 08:08