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Wild Flowers of New York (1918)

Fig. 1. View of cage used to protect wild flowers from wind while photographing

Plates from State Museum (John M. Clarke Director) Memoir 15, Wild Flowers of New York, in Two Parts, by Homer D. House, State Botanist, published in Albany by The University of the State of New York in 1918. They were released in Volumes 2 and 3 of the New York State Museum 72nd Annual Report 1918, which was published in Albany by The University of the State of New York, in 1920.

In the following table, page numbers refer to the page on which the plant species in the plate or figure was described in the book. The color plates were not given page numbers but were inserted near the page(s) containing the description, although not necessarily in the same order as the descriptions, especially in cases were there are two photographs on a plate. For convenience, the table has been broken up by families or groups of families as assigned in the 1918 book (following Britton and Brown, 2nd ed.). These do not necessarily correspond to currently accepted family names or family memberships.

Contents

Volume 1Edit

Cat-tail Family - TyphaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 35

Broad-leaved Cat-tail
Typha latifolia Linnaeus

Figure I

Typha latifolia  L.


Broad-leaved cat-tail


Tule espedilla,
Quenouille à feuilles larges


Native, Secure

FNANYFA

 

Water Plantain Family - AlismaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 37

Broad-leaved Arrowhead
Sagittaria latifolia Willdenow

Plate 1

Sagittaria latifolia  Willd.


Broad-leaved arrowhead,
Common arrowhead,
Wapato, Duck-potato


Sagittaire latifoliee


Native, Secure

FNANYFA

 

Sedge Family - CyperaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 38

Sheathed Cotton Grass or
    Hare's Tail Rush

Eriophorum callithrix Chamisso

Plate 2a

Eriophorum vaginatum  L.


Tussock cotton-grass


Linaigrette à large gaine


Native, Secure

FNANYFA

 

Arum Family - AraceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 39

Jack-in-the-pulpit; Indian Turnip
Arisaema triphyllum (L.) Torrey

Plate 3

Arisaema triphyllum  (L.) Schott
  subsp. triphyllum


Jack-in-the-pulpit, Indian-turnip


Petit-prêcheur


Native, Secure

FNANYFA

 
Page 39

Green Dragon or Dragon-root
Arisaema dracontium (L.) Schott

Figure II

Arisaema dracontium  (L.) Schott


Green-dragon, Dragon-root


Arisème dragon, Ariséma dragon


Native, Apparently secure

FNANYFA

 
Page 41

Wild Calla; Water Arum
Calla palustris Linnaeus

Plate 4

Calla palustris  L.


Water arum, Wild calla


Calla des marais


Native, Secure

FNANYFA

 
Page 41

Skunk Cabbage
Spathyema foetida (L.) Rafinesque

Plate 5

Symplocarpus foetidus  (L.) Salisb.


Skunk-cabbage


Tabac-du-diable


Native, Secure

FNANYFA

 
Page 42

Sweet Flag, Calamus or Flagroot
Acorus calamus Linnaeus

Figure III

Acorus americanus  (Raf.) Raf.


American sweetflag, Sweetflag,
Several-veined sweetflag


Acore d'Amérique, Belle-angélique


Native, Secure

FNANYFA

 

Yellow-eyed Grass Family - XyridaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 42

Carolina Yellow-eyed Grass
Xyris caroliniana Walter

Plate 2b

Xyris difformis  Chapm.
  var. difformis


Bog yellow-eyed grass,
Carolina yellow-eyed-grass


Native, Apparently secure

FNANYFA

 

Pipe-wort Family - EriocaulaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 44

Seven-angled Pipewort
Eriocaulon septangulare Withering

Plate 6a

Eriocaulon aquaticum  (Hill) Druce


Seven-angled pipewort


Eriocaulon aquatique


Native, Secure

FNANYFA

 

Spider-wort Family - CommelinaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 45

Asiatic Dayflower
Commelina communis Linnaeus

Plate 6b

Commelina communis  L.


Asiatic dayflower


Comméline commune


Introduced from temperate Asia

FNANYFA

 
Page 45

Spider Lily; Spiderwort
Tradescantia virginiana Linnaeus

Plate 7

Tradescantia virginiana  L.


Virginia spiderwort


Éphémère de Virginie


Introduced from southern US

FNANYFA

 

Pickerel Weed Family - PontederiaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 46

Pickerel Weed
Pontederia cordata L.

Plate 8

Pontederia cordata  L.


Pickerelweed


Pontédérie cordée, Langue du boeuf


Native, Secure

FNANYFA

 

Bunchflower Family - MelanthaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 47

Glutinous Triantha or False Asphodel
Triantha glutinosa (Michaux) Baker

Plate 9b

Triantha glutinosa  (Michx.) Baker


Sticky false-asphodel


Tofieldie glutineuse


Native, Endangered

FNANYFA

 
Page 47

Glaucous Anticlea
Anticlea chlorantha (Richardson) Rydberg

Plate 9a

Anticlea elegans  (Pursh) Rydb.


Mountain death camas,
White camas


Zigadène glauque, Zigadène élégant


Native, Threatened

NYFA

 
Page 48

Bunchflower
Melanthium virginicum Linnaeus

Plate 10

Veratrum virginicum  (L.) W. T. Aiton


Virginia bunchflower


Native, Endangered, No recent reports

NYFA

 
Page 49

American White Hellebore; Indian Poke
Veratrum viride Linnaeus

Plate 11

Veratrum viride  Aiton
  var. viride


American false-hellebore,
Green false hellebore,
Indian poke


Vérâtre vert


Native, Secure

FNANYFA

 

Lily Family - LiliaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 49

Day Lily
Hemorocallis fulva Linnaeus

Plate 12

Hemerocallis fulva  L.


Orange daylily, Tawny daylily


Hémérocalle fauve, Lis d’un jour


Introduced, Invasive

FNANYFA

 
Page 50

Red Lily; Wood Lily; Philadelphia Lily
Lilium philadelphicum Linnaeus

Plate 13

Lilium philadelphicum  L.


Wood lily


Lis de Philadelphie


Native, Apparently secure

FNANYFA

 
Page 51

Wild Yellow Lily; Canada or Nodding Lily
Lilium canadense Linnaeus

Plate 14

Lilium canadense  L.


Canada lily


Lis du Canada


Native, Secure 

NYFA

 
Page 51

Yellow Adder's-tongue; Dog's-tooth Violet
Erythronium americanum Ker

Plate 15a

Erythronium americanum  Ker Gawl.


Dogtooth violet, Yellow trout-lily


Érythrone d’Amérique


Native, Secure

FNA

 
Page Page 52

Ague or Colicroot; Star Grass
Aletris farinosa Linnaeus

Plate 16

Aletris farinosa  L.


Unicorn root, White colicroot, White stargrass, Mealy stargrass, White-tubed colicroot, Ague-root, Crow-corn


Alétris farineux


Native, Threatened

FNANYFA

 

Lily of the Valley Family - ConvallariaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 53

Yellow Clintonia; Dogberry
Clintonia borealis (Aiton) Rafinesque

Plate 17

Clintonia borealis  (Aiton) Raf.


Bluebead, Yellow blue-bead lily,
Yellow clintonia, Corn-lily,
Clinton lily, Dogberry


Clintonie boréale, Lis-boréal


Native, Secure

FNANYFA

 
Page 53

Wild or False Spikenard;
      False Solomon's-seal

Vagnera racemosa (Linnaeus) Morong

Plate 18

Maianthemum racemosum  (L.) Link
  subsp. racemosum


False Solomon’s-seal,
False spikenard, Solomon’s-plume
Feathery false lily of the valley


Smilacine à grappes


Native, Secure

FNANYFA

 
Page 54

Three-leaved Solomon's-seal
Vagnera trifolia (Linnaeus) Morong

Plate 32a

Maianthemum trifolium  (L.) Sloboda


Three-leaved Solomon's-plume,
Threeleaf false lily of the valley,
Three-leaved false Solomon's seal,
Swamp false Solomon's seal


Smilacine trifoliée,
Smilacine à trois feuilles


Native, Secure

FNANYFA

 
Page 55

False or Wild Lily of the Valley
Two-leaved Solomon's-seal

Unifolium canadense (Desf.) Greene

Plate 19

Maianthemum canadense  Desf.


Canada May-flower / May-lily,
Wild / False lily-of-the-valley,
Two-leaved Solomon’s-seal


Maïanthème du Canada


Native, Secure

FNANYFA

 
Page 55

Sessile-leaved Bellwort
Uvularia sessilifolia Linnaeus

Plate 20a

Uvularia sessilifoli  L.


Sessile-leaved bellwort,
Sessileleaf bellwort,
Straw-lily, Wild-oats


Uvulaire à feuilles sessiles,
Uvulaire petites-fleurs


Native, Secure

FNANYFA

 
Page 56

Large-flowered Bellwort
Uvularia grandiflora J. E. Smith

Plate 20b

Uvularia grandiflora  Sm.


Large-flowered bellwort,
Largeflower bellwort, Yellow bellwort


Uvulaire à grandes fleurs,
Uvulaire grandes-fleurs,
Uvulaire grandiflore


Native, Secure

FNANYFA

 
Page 56

Sessile-leaved Twisted-stalk
Streptopus roseus Michaux

Figure IV

Streptopus lanceolatus  (Aiton) Reveal


Rose/Rosy twisted-stalk/mandarin,
Lance-leaved twistedstalk,
Sessile-leaved twistedstalk,
Simple-stemmed twistedstalk,
Streptope rose


Native, Secure

FNANYFA

 
Page 57

Hairy Solomon's-seal
Polygonatum biflorum (Walter) Elliott

Plate 21

Polygonatum pubescens  (Willd.) Pursh}


Hairy Solomon's-seal,
Downy Solomon's-seal


Native, Secure

FNANYFA

 

Wake-robin Family - TrilliaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 59

Indian Cucumber Root
Medeola virginiana Linnaeus

Plate 22

Medeola virginiana  L.


Indian cucumber,
Indian cucumber-root


Médéole de Virginie,
Concombre sauvage,
Jarnotte


Native, Secure

FNANYFA

 
Page 60

Red Trillium; Wake-robin or Birthroot
Trillium erectum

Plate 23a

Trillium erectum


Red trillium, Wake robin,
Stinking Benjamin, Stinking Willie,
Birthwort


Native, Secure

FNANYFA

 
Page 60

White Trillium; Large-flowered Wake-robin
Trillium grandiflorum

Plate 23b

Trillium grandiflorum  L.


Large-flowered trillium, White trillium,
Great white trillium, White wake-robin


Native, Secure

FNA

 
Page 61

Painted Wake-robin
Trillium undulatum Willdenow

Plate 24a

Trillium undulatum  Willd.


Painted lady,
Painted trillium


Native, Secure

FNANYFA

 
Page 61

Nodding Wake-robin
Trillium cernuum Linnaeus

Plate 24b

Trillium cernuum  L.


Nodding trillium,
Whip-poor-will flower


Native, Vulnerable

FNANYFA

 

Amaryllis Family - AmaryllidaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 62

Yellow Star Grass
Hypoxis hirsuta (Linnaeus) Coville

Plate 25

Hypoxis hirsuta  (L.) Coville


Eastern yellow stargrass,
Common goldstar / stargrass,
Yellow stargrass


Hypoxis hirsute


Native, Secure

FNANYFA

 

Iris Family - IridaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 63

Larger Blue Flag
Iris versicolor Linnaeus

Plate 26

Iris versicolor  L.
[Iris hookeri × Iris virginica]


Harlequin blueflag,
Larger blue flag,
Northern blue flag


Iris versicolore, Clajeux


Native, Secure

FNANYFA

 
Page 63

Narrow Blue Flag; Poison Flagroot
Iris prismatica Pursh

Plate 27

Iris prismatica  Pursh


Slender blue flag,
Slender blue iris,
Cube iris, Coastal iris


Native, Threatened

FNANYFA

 
Page 64

Pointed Blue-eyed Grass
Sisyrinchium angustifolium Miller

Plate 28a

Sisyrinchium angustifolium  Mill.


Narrowleaf blue-eyed grass,
Narrow-leaved blue-eyed grass,
Pointed blue-eyed grass,


Bermudienne à feuilles étroites


Native, Secure

FNANYFA

 

Orchid Family - OrchidaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 64

Small White Lady's-slipper
Cypripedium candidum Willdenow

Plate 29

Cypripedium candidum  Muhl. ex Willd.


Small white lady's slipper,
White lady's slipper


Native, Endangered

FNANYFA

 
Page 65

Showy Lady's-slipper
Cypripedium reginae Walter

Plate 30

Cypripedium reginae  Walter


Showy lady's-slipper,
Pink-and-white lady's-slipper,
Queen's lady's-slipper


Cypripède royal


Native, Vulnerable

FNANYFA

 
Page 66

Yellow or Downy Lady's-slipper
Cypripedium pubescens Willdenow

Plate 31

Cypripedium parviflorum  Salisb.
  var. pubescens


Greater yellow lady's slipper,
Large yellow lady's slipper


Cypripède pubescent,
Cypripède jaune variété à pétales plats


Native, Vulnerable

FNANYFA

 
Page 66

Ram's-head Lady's-slipper
Criosanthes arietina (R. Brown) House

Plate 32B

Cypripedium arietinum  R. Br.


Ram's head lady's slipper,
Ram's head


Cypripède tête-de-bélier


Native, Threatened

FNANYFA

 
Page 67

Ram's-head Lady's-slipper
Criosanthes arietina (R. Brown) House

Figure V

Cypripedium arietinum  R. Br.


(see previous)

 
Page 68

Moccasin Flower;
   Stemless Lady's-slipper

Fissipes acaulis (Aiton) Small
(Cypripedium acaule Aiton)

Plate 33

Cypripedium acaule  Aiton


Pink lady's-slipper,
Moccasin flower,
Stemless lady’s-slipper


Cypripède acaule,
Cypripède rose,
Sabot de la Vierge


Native, Apparently secure

FNANYFA

 
Page 69

Moccasin Flower;
   Stemless Lady's-slipper

Fissipes acaulis (Aiton) Small

Figure VI

Cypripedium acaule  Aiton


(see previous)

 
Page 70

Small Round-leaved Orchis
Orchis rotundifolia Pursh

Figure VII

(Photo by Olaf O. Nylander, taken in Maine.)

Galearis rotundifolia
   (Banks ex Pursh) R.M.Bateman


Round-leaved orchis


Orchis à feuille ronde


Native, Apparently extirpated

FNANYFA

 
Page 71

Showy Orchis
Galeorchis spectabilis (Linnaeus) Rydberg
(Orchis spectabilis Linnaeus)

Plate 34

Galearis spectabilis  (L.) Raf.


Showy orchid, Showy orchis


Orchis brillant,
Galéaris remarquable.
Orchide admirable


Native, Apparently secure

 
Page 71

Tall Leafy Green Orchis
Limnorchis hyperborea (L.) Rydberg

Plate 37a

Platanthera aquilonis  Sheviak


Northern green orchid,
Tall northern green orchid,
North wind bog-orchid,
Eagle rein orchid,
Sheviak's bog orchid


Platanthère du Nord


Native, Apparently secure

FNANYFA

 
Page 72

Large Round-leaved Orchis
Lysias orbiculata (Pursh) Rydberg

Plate 35

Platanthera orbiculata  (Pursh) Lindl.


Large round-leaved orchid,
Lesser roundleaved orchid,
Lesser roundleaved rein orchid,
Small roundleaved orchid


Platanthère à feuilles orbiculaires,
Habénaire à feuilles orbiculaires


Native, Apparently secure

 
Page 72

Flowers of Large Round-leaved Orchis
Lysias orbiculata (Pursh) Rydberg

Figure VIII

Platanthera orbiculata  (Pursh) Lindl.


(see previous)

 
Page 72

Hooker's Orchis
Lysias hookeriana (A. Gray) Rydberg

Plate 36

Platanthera hookeri  (Torr. ex A.Gray) Lindl.


Hooker's Orchis


Native, Endangered

 
Page 74

Yellow-fringed Orchis
Blephariglottis ciliaris (Linnaeus) Rydberg

Plate 37b

Platanthera ciliaris  (L.) Lindl.


Yellow fringed orchid,
Orange fringed bog orchid


Platanthère ciliée,
Habénaire ciliée


Native, Endangered

FNANYFA

 
Page 74

White-fringed Orchis
Blephariglottis blephariglottis (Willdenow) Rydberg

Plate 38

Platanthera blephariglottis  (Willd.) Lindl.
  var. blephariglottis


White fringed orchis,
White fringed bog orchid


Platanthère à gorge frangée,
Habénaire à gorge frangée,
Habénaire frangée blanche


Native, Apparently secure

FNANYFA

 
Page 75

Ragged or Green-fringed Orchis
Blephariglottis lacera (Michaux) Farwell

Plate 39b

Platanthera lacera  (Michx.) G.Don


Green fringed orchis,
Green fringed bog-orchid


Platanthère lacérée,
Habénaire lacérée


Native, Apparently secure

FNANYFA

 
Page 75

Smaller Purple-fringed Orchis
Blephariglottis psycodes (Linnaeus) Rydberg

Plate 39a

Platanthera psycodes  (L.) Lindl.


Lesser purple fringed orchid,
Lesser purple fringed bog-orchid


Platanthère papillon,
Habénaire papillon,
Habénaire frangée pourpre


Native, Apparently secure

FNANYFA

 
Page 76

Rose Pogonia; Snakemouth
Pogonia ophioglossoides (Linnaeus) Ker

Plate 40

Pogonia ophioglossoides  (L.) Ker Gawl.


Rose pogonia,
Snakemouth orchid,
Snake-mouth orchid


Pogonie langue-de-serpent,
Pogonie à langue de serpent


Native, Apparently secure

FNANYFA

 
Page 77

Whorled Pogonia
Isotria verticillata (Willdenow) Rafinesque

Figure IX

Isotria verticillata  (Muhl. ex Willd.) Raf.


Large whorled pogonia,
Large whorled pogonia orchid,
Purple five-leaved orchid,
Purple fiveleaf orchid


Isotrie verticillée,
Grande pogonie verticillée


Native, Vulnerable

FNANYFA

 
Page 78

Arethusa; Dragon's-mouth; Wild Pink
Arethusa bulbosa Linnaevis

Plate 43b

Arethusa bulbosa  L.


Dragon's mouth, Swamp pink


Aréthuse bulbeuse


Native, Threatened

FNANYFA

 
Page 79

Grass Pink; Calopogon
Limodorum tuberosum Linnaeus

Plate 41a

Calopogon tuberosus  (L.) B.S.P.
  var. tuberosus


Tuberous grass-pink,
Swamp pink


Calopogon tubéreux,
Calopogon gracieux


Native, Apparently secure

FNANYFA

 
Page 79

Wide-leaved Ladies'-tresses
Ibidium plantagineum (Rafinesque) House

Plate 42a

Spiranthes lucida  (H.H.Eaton) Ames


Shining ladies'-tresses,
Wide-leaved ladies'-tresses


Spiranthe lustrée,
Spiranthe brillante


Native, Secure

FNANYFA

 
Page 80

Showy Ladies'-tresses
Ibidium cernuum (Linnaeus) House

Figure X

Spiranthes cernua  (L.) Rich.


Nodding lady's tresses,
Nodding ladies'-tresses


Spiranthe penchée,
Spiranthe cernuée


Native, Apparently secure

FNANYFA

 
Page 81

Southern Twayblade
Ophrys australis (Lindley) House

Figure XI

Neottia bifolia  (Raf.) Baumbach


Southern twayblade


Listère australe


Native, Endangered

FNANYFA

 
Page 82

Downy Rattlesnake Plantain
Peramium pubescens (Willdenow) MacMillan

Figure XII

Goodyera pubescens  (Willd.) R.Br.


Downy rattlesnake-plantain


Goodyérie pubescente


Native, Apparently secure

FNANYFA

 
Page 83

Loddiges's Rattlesnake Plantain
Peramium tesselatum (Loddiges) Heller

Plate 41b

Goodyera tesselata  Lodd.


Checkered rattlesnake plantain,
Tesselated rattlesnake-plantain,
Loddiges' rattlesnake-plantain


Goodyérie panachée


Native, Apparently secure

FNANYFA

 
Page 83

White Adder's-mouth
Maxalis monophylla (Linnaeus) Swartz

Figure XIII

Malaxis monophyllos  (L.) Sw
  var. brachypoda


White adder's-mouth orchid,
North American white adder’s-mouth,
One-leaved malaxis


Malaxis à pédicelles courts


Native, Apparently secure

FNANYFA

 
Page 84

Large Twayblade
Liparis liliifolia (Linnaeus) L. C. Richard

Figure XIV

Liparis liliifolia  (L.) L.Rich. ex Ker Gawl.


Brown widelip orchid,
Lily-leaved twayblade


Liparis à feuilles de lis


Native, Endangered

NYFA

 
Page 84

Fen Orchis; Loesel's Twayblade
Liparis loeselii (Linnaeus) L. C. Richard

Plate 42b

Liparis loeselii  (L.) L. Rich.


Loesel's twayblade,
Fen orchid,
Fen orchis


Liparis de Loesel,
Liparide de Loesel


Native, Apparently secure

FNANYFA

 
Page 86

Calypso
Cytherea bulbosa (Linnaeus) House
(Calypso borealis Salisbury)

Plate 43a

Calypso bulbosa  (L.) Oakes
  var. americana 


Fairy slipper,
Calypso,
Venus' slipper


Calypso d'Amérique


Native, Endangered

FNANYFA

 
Page 87

Large Coralroot
Corrallorrhiza maculata Rafinesque

Figure VIII

Corallorhiza maculata  (Raf.) Raf.
  var. maculata


Spotted coralroot,
Summer coralroot,
Large coralroot


Corallorhize maculée


Native, Apparently secure

 

Lizard's-tail Family - SaururaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 87

Lizard' s-tail
Saururus cernuus Linnaeus

Plate 44

Saururus cernuus  L.


Lizard's tail,
Water-dragon,
Swamp root


Saurure penché,
Lézardelle penchée,
Saurure penchée


Native, Secure

FNANYFA

 

Nettle Family - UrticaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 88

False Nettle
Boehmeria cylindrica (Linnaeus) Swartz

Plate 45

Boehmeria cylindrica  (L.) Sw.


Small-spike false nettle,
Bog hemp,
False nettle


Boehméria cylindrique,
Fausse ortie cylindrique,
Ortie de savanne


Native, Secure

FNANYFA

 

Sandalwood Family - SantalaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 89

Bastard Toadflax
Comandra umbellata (Linnaeus) Nuttall

Plate 28b

Comandra umbellata  (L.) Nutt.
  subsp. umbellata


Bastard toadflax, Star toadflax,
Common comandra,
Umbellate bastard toadflax


Comandre à ombelle


Native, Secure

NYFAVCAN

 

Birthwort Family - AristolochiaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 89

Wild or Indian Ginger
Asarum canadense Linnaeus

Plate 46

Asarum canadense  L.


Canada wild ginger,
Wild ginger,
Asarabacca


Asaret du Canada,
Asaret gingembre,
Gingembre sauvage


Native, Secure

FNANYFAVCAN

 

Buckwheat Family - PolygonaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 90

Swamp Smartweed
Persicaria muhlenbergii (S. Watson) Small

Plate 47a

Persicaria amphibia  (L.) Delarbre


Water smartweed,
Water knotweed,
Longroot smartweed,
Amphibious bistort,
Amphibious knotweed


Renouée amphibie


Native, Secure

FNANYFAVCAN

 
Page 90

Lady's-thumb; Heartweed
Persicaria persicaria (Linnaeus) Small

Plate 47b

Persicaria maculosa  Gray


Spotted lady's-thumb,
Redshank,
Heart's-ease,
Smartweed,
Jesusplant


Renouée persicaire,
Pied rouge


Introduced from Eurasia

FNANYFAVCAN

 
Page 91

Arrow-leaved Tearthumb
Tracaulon sagittatum (Linnaeus) Small

Plate 48a

Persicaria sagittata  (L.) H.Gross


Arrowleaf tearthumb,
Arrow-leaved tearthumb,
American tearthumb,
Arrow-vine,
Scratch-grass


Renouée sagittée


Native, Secure

FNANYFA

 
Page 91

Halberd-leaved Tearthumb
Tracaulon arifolium (Linnaeus) Rafinesque

Plate 48b

Persicaria arifolia  (L.) Haraldson


Halberdleaf tearthumb,
Halberd-leaved tearthumb


Renouée à feuilles d'arum


Native, Secure

FNANYFA

 
Page 92

Climbing False Buckwheat
Bilderdykia scandens (Linnaeus) Greene

Plate 15b

Fallopia scandens  (L.) Holub


Climbing false-buckwheat


Renouée grimpante


Native, Secure

FNANYFA

 
Page 92

Coast Jointweed
Polygonella articulata (Linnaeus) Meisner

Plate 49a

Polygonella articulata  (L.) Meisn.


Coastal jointweed,
Northern jointweed,
Coast jointweed


Polygonelle articulée


Native, Apparently secure

FNANYFA

 

Goosefoot Family - ChenopodiaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph Ref.
Page 93

Slender or Jointed Glasswort; Saltwort
Salicornia europaea Linnaeus

Plate 49b

Salicornia depressa  Standl.


Glasswort,
Virginia glasswort,
American glasswort,
Low glasswort,
Saltwort


Salicorne de Virginie


Native, Secure

FNANYFA

 

Pokeweed Family - PhytolaccaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph Ref.
Page 93

Poke; Scoke; Pigeon Berry; Garget
Phytolacca americana Linnaeus

Plate 50

Phytolacca americana  L.
  var. americana


American pokeweed,
Inkberry,
Pigeonberry,
Pokeberry,
Virginia poke


Raisin d'Amérique


Native, Secure

FNANYFA

 

Purslane Family - PortulacaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph Ref.
Page 94

Narrow-leaved Spring Beauty
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus

Plate 51a

Claytonia virginica  L.
  var. virginica


Eastern spring beauty,
Virginia springbeauty,
Narrow-leaf spring-beauty,
Narrow-leaved spring beauty


Claytonie de Virginie,
Claytonie feuille-étroite


Native, Secure

FNANYFA

 
Page 94

Carolina or Wide-leaved Spring Beauty
Claytonia caroliniana Michaux

Plate 69a

Claytonia caroliniana  Michx.


Carolina springbeauty,
Carolina spring-beauty,
Wide-leaved spring beauty


Claytonie de Caroline,
Claytonie feuille-large


Native, Secure

FNANYFA

 


Chickweed Family - AlsinaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph Ref.
Page 95

Field or Meadow Chickweed
Cerastium arvense Linnaeus

Plate 63a

Cerastium arvense  L.


Field mouse-ear chickweed,
Prairie mouse-ear chickweed


Céraiste des champs


Nativity uncertain

FNANYFA

 

Pink Family - CaryophyllaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph Ref.
Page 95

Bladder Campion; White Ben
Silene latifolia (Miller) Britten & Rendel

Plate 52

Silene vulgaris  (Moench) Garcke


Bladder campion, Maiden's tears


Silène enflé


Introduced from Eurasia

FNANYFA

 
Page 96

Wild Pink
Silene caroliniana Walter

Plate 53

Silene caroliniana  Walter
  subsp. pensylvanica


Pennsylvania catchfly,
Pennsylvania wild pink


Native, Threatened

 
Page 96

Cuckoo-flower; Ragged Robin
Lychniis flos-cuculi Linnaeus

Plate 54a

Lychnis flos-cuculi  L.


Ragged-robin,
Meadow campion,
Cuckoo-flower


Silène fleur-de-coucou,
Lychnide fleur-de-coucou,
Lychnis fleur-de-coucou


Introduced from Eurasia, Weed

 

Sacred Bean Family - NelumbonaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph Ref.
Page 97

American Nelumbo or Lotus
Nelumbo lutea (Willdenow) Persoon

Plate 55

Nelumbo lutea  Willd.


American lotus,
Great yellow water-lily,
Water-chinquapin,
Yellow lotus


Volée


Introduced from farther south

FNANYFA

 


Water Lily Family - NymphaeaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph Ref.
Page 98

Large Yellow Pond Lily; Spatter-dock
Nymphaea advena Solander

Plate 56

Nuphar advena  (Aiton) W.T.Aiton
  subsp. advena


Broad-leaved yellow pond-lily,
Broad-leaved yellow cow-lily,
Broad-leaved spatterdock,
Broad-leaved bull-head lily,
Large yellow pond-lily


Nénuphar à feuilles émergentes.
Nénuphar d'Amérique


Native, Secure

FNANYFA

 
Page 99

Sweet-scented White Water Lily
Castalia odorata (Alton) Woodville & Wood

Plate 57

Nymphaea odorata  Aiton
  subsp. odorata


Fragrant water-lily,
American white waterlily,
Water nymph


Nymphéa odorant,
Lis d'eau blanc


Native, Secure

FNANYFA

 
Page 99

Tuberous White Water Lily
Castalia tuberosa (Paine) Greene

Plate 58

Nymphaea odorata  Aiton
  subsp. tuberosa


Tuberous white water-lily,
American white waterlily


Nymphéa tubéreux,
Nénuphar blanc,
Lis d'eau blanc


Native, Secure

FNANYFA

 

Crowfoot Family - RanunculaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 100

Marsh Marigold; Cowslip
Caltha palustris Linnaeus

Plate 59

Caltha palustris  L.


Marsh marigold,
Yellow marsh marigold,
Cowslip,
Cowflock


Populage des marais,
Souci d'eau


Native, Secure

FNANYFAFNY

 
Page 100

Goldenseal; Orange-root
Hydrastis canadensis Linnaeus

Figure XV

Hydrastis canadensis  L.


Golden-seal,
Orange-root,
Yellow-puccoon


Sceau d'or


Native, Threatened

FNANYFAFNY

 
Page 101

American Globeflower
Trollius laxus Salisbury

Plate 61

Trollius laxus  Salisb.
  var. laxus


Spreading globeflower,
American globeflower


Native, Rare

FNANYFAFNY

 
Page 102

Goldthread
Coptis trifolia (Linnaeus) Salisbury

Plate 60a

Coptis trifolia  (L.) Salisb.


Goldthread, Goldenroot,
Yellow snakeroot, Canker-root


Savoyane, Coptide du Groenland,
Coptide savoyane, Sabouillane


Native, Secure

FNANYFAFNY

 
Page 103

Red Baneberry; Black Cohosh
Actaea rubra (Aiton) Willdenow

Plate 62 (flowers)

Actaea rubra   (Aiton) Willd.


Red baneberry,
Snakeberry


Actée rouge


Native, Secure

FNY

 
Page 103

Red Baneberry; Black Cohosh
Actaea rubra (Aiton) Willdenow

Plate 62 (fruit)

Actaea rubra   (Aiton) Willd.


(See previous.)

FNY

 
Page 104

Black Snakeroot; Black Cohosh
Cimicifnga raccmosa (Linnaeus) Nuttall

Plate 64

Actaea racemosa  L.


Black baneberry, Black cohosh,
Black bugbane, Black snakeroot,
Fairy candle


Cimicaire à grappes


Native, Apparently secure

FNY

 
Page 104

Wild Columbine; Rock Bells
Aquilegia canadensis Linnaeus

Plate 65

Aquilegia canadensis  L.


Canadian columbine,
Red columbine,
Wild columbine


Ancolie du Canada


Native, Secure

FNANYFAFNY

 
Page 105

Tall Anemone; Thimbleweed
Anemone virginiana Linnaeus

Plate 66

Anemone virginiana  L.


Thimbleweed,
Tall anemone,
Tall thimbleweed,
Tall windflower


Anémone de Virginie


Native, Secure

FNY

 
Page 105

Canada or Round-leaved Anemone
Anemone canadensis Linnaeus

Plate 67

Anemone canadensis  L.


Canada anemone,
Canadian anemone,
Canada windflower,
Round-leaved thimbleweed


Anémone du Canada


Native, Secure

FNANYFAFNY

 
Page 106

Windfiower; Wood Anemone
Anemone quinquefolia Linnaeus

Plate 68a

Anemone quinquefolia  L.
  var. quinquefolia


Wood anemone, Nightcaps,
American wood anemone,
Wood windflower


Anémone à cinq folioles


Native, Secure

FNANYFAFNY

 
Page 106

Round-lobed Hepatica or Liverleaf
Hepatica hepatica (Linnaeus) Karsten

Plate 51b

Anemone americana  (DC.) H.Hara


Round-lobed hepatica,
Blunt-lobed Hepatica,
Round-leaved liverleaf,
American liverleaf


Hépatique d'Amérique,
Anémone d'Amérique,
Hépatique noble


Native, Secure

FNANYFAFNY

 
Page 107

Sharp-lobed Hepatica or Liverleaf
Hepatica acutiloba DeCandolle

Plate 69b

Anemone acutiloba  (DC.) G.Lawson


Sharplobe hepatica,
American liverleaf,
Liverwort-herb,
Sharp-lobed hepatica


Anémone à lobes aigus,
Hépatique à lobes aigus


Native, Secure

FNANYFAFNY

 
Page 107

Rue Anemone
Syndesmon thalictroides (Linnaeus) Hoffmannsegg

Plate 68b

Thalictrum thalictroides
  (L.) A.J.Eames & B.Boivin


Rue anemone,
Windflower


Pigamon à ombelles


Native, Secure

FNANYFAFNY

 
Page 108

Swamp or Marsh Buttercup
Ranunculus septentrionalis (Linnaeus) Poiret

Plate 70

Ranunculus hispidus  Michx.
  var. caricetorum (Greene) T.Duncan


Bristly buttercup,
Swamp buttercup,
Swamp crowfoot,
Marsh buttercup,
Northern swamp buttercup


Renoncule des cariçaies


Native, Secure

FNY

 
Page 108

Hispid Buttercup
Ranunculus hispidus Michaux

Plate 60b

Ranunculus hispidus  Michx.
  var. hispidus


Bristly buttercup,
Hispid buttercup,
Rough buttercup,
Hispid crowfoot


Renoncule hispide


Native, Secure

FNANYFAFNY

 
Page 109

Stiff White Water Crowfoot
Batrachium circinatum (Sibthorp) Reichenbach

Plate 79a

Ranunculus longirostris  Godr.


Eastern white water-crowfoot,
Longbeak buttercup,
Thread-leaved water buttercup,
Hair-leaved water buttercup


Renoncule à long bec,
Renoncule à feuilles capillaires,
Renoncule à feuilles chevelues,
Renoncule à lâche


Native, Secure

FNANYFAFNY

 
Page 109

Early Meadow Rue
Thalictrum dioicum Linnaeus

Plate 71

Thalictrum dioicum  L.


Early meadow-rue,
Quicksilver-weed


Pigamon dioïque


Native, Secure

FNANYFAFNY

 
Page 110

Fall Meadow Rue
Thalictrum polygamum Muhlenberg

Plate 72

Thalictrum pubescens  Pursh


King of the meadow,
Late meadow-rue,
Tall meadow-rue,
Meadow-weed,
Muskrat-weed


Pigamon pubescent


Native, Secure

FNANYFAFNY

 
Page 110

Virgin's Bower; Woodbine; Wild Clematis
Clematis Virginiana Linnaeus

Figure XVI

Clematis virginiana  L.


Virginia virgin's-bower,
Devil's darning needles,
Virginia clematis,
Virginia bower


Clématite de Virginie,
Herbe aux gueux


Native, Secure

FNY

 
Page 110

Virgin's Bower; Woodbine; Wild Clematis
Clematis Virginiana Linnaeus

Plate 73

Clematis virginiana  L.


(See previous.)

FNY

 
Page 112

Purple Virgin's Bower
Atragene americana Sims

Figure XVII

Clematis occidentalis  (Hornem.) DC
  var. occidentalis


Purple clematis,
Purple virgin’s-bower,
Western blue virginsbower,
Northern blue clematis


Clématite verticillée,
Atragène d'Amérique,
Clématite occidentale


Native, Apparently secure

FNY

 
Page 112

Erect Silky Leather Flower
Viorna ochroleuca (Alton) Small

Plate 74

Clematis ochroleuca  Alton


Curlyheads,
Curly-heads,
Silky leather-flower


Native, Extirpated

FNANYFAFNY

 

Barberry Family - BerberidaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 114

Blue Cohosh
Caulophyllum thalictroides (Linnaeus) Michaux

Plate 75

Caulophyllum giganteum  (Farw.) Loconte & Blackwell


Early cohosh,
Northern blue cohosh


Caulophylle faux-pigamon


Native, Secure

FNANYFAFNY

 
Page 114

May Apple; Wild Mandrake
Podophyllum peltatum Linnaeus

Plate 76

Podophyllum peltatum  L.


May-apple, Indian-apple,
Wild-mandrake


Pomme de mai,
Podophylle pelt


Native, Secure

FNANYFAFNY

 
Page 115

Twin-leaf
Jeffersonia diphylla (Linnaeus) Persoon

Figure XVIII

Jeffersonia diphylla  (L.) Pers.


Twinleaf,
Rheumatism-root


Feffersonie à deux feuilles


Native, Threatened

FNANYFAFNY

 

Poppy Family - PapaveraceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 117

Bloodroot; Puccoon-root
Sanguinaria canadensis Linnaeus

Plate 77

Sanguinaria canadensis  L.


Bloodroot,
Puccoon-root,
Red puccoon


Sanguinaire du Canada,
Sanguinaire,
Sang-dragon


Native, Apparently secure

 

Fumewort Family - FumariaceaeEdit

The fumewort family is now considered to be a subfamily, Fumarioideae, of the Papaveraceae (poppy family).

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 118

Dutchman's-breeches
Bicuculla cucullaria (Linnaeus) Millspaugh

Plate 78

Dicentra cucullaria  (L.) Bernh.


Dutchman's breeches,
Dutchman's britches,
Turkey-corn,
Squirrel corn,
Soldier's cap


Dicentre à capuchon,
Dicentre capuchon-jaune,
Culottes de Hollandais


Native, Secure

FNANYFAVCANFNY

 
Page 118

Mountain Fringe; Alleghany Vine
Adlumia fungosa (Aiton) Greene

Plate 79b

Adlumia fungosa  (Aiton) Greene


Allegheny vine,
Climbing fumitory,
Mountain-fringe,
Woodfringe,
Canary vine


Adlumie fongueuse


Native, Apparently secure

FNANYFAVCANFNY

 
Page 119

Pink or Pale Corydalis
Capnoides sempervirens (Linnaeus) Borkhausen

Plate 80

Capnoides sempervirens   (L.) Borkh.


Pink corydalis,
Pale corydalis,
Rock harlequin,
Harlequin-flower


Corydale toujours verte,
Corydalis toujours verte,
Corydalis pâle


Native, Apparently secure

FNANYFAFNY

 

Mustard Family - CruciferaeEdit

The mustard family now more commonly goes by the name Brassicaceae.

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 120

Lyre-leaved Rock Cress
Arabis lyrata Linnaeus

Plate 54b

Arabidopsis lyrata  (L.) O'Kane & Al-Shehbaz
  subsp. lyrata


Lyrate rockcress,
Lyreleaf rockcress,
Lyre-leaved rockcress


Arabette lyrée


Native, Secure

 
Page 120

Bulbous Cress; Cuckoo-flower
Cardamine bulbosa (Schreber)
   Britton, Sterns & Poggenberg

Plate 90a

Cardamine bulbosa  (Schreb. ex Muhl.)
   Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.


Bulbous bitter-cress,
Bulb bittercress,
Spring cress


Cardamine bulbeuse


Native, Secure

FNANYFAFNY

 
Page 121

Cut-leaved Toothwort or Pepperroot
Dentaria laciniata Muhlenberg

Plate 81a

Cardamine concatenata
   (Michx.) O.Schwarz


Cut-leaved toothwort,
Five-part toothwort,
Slender toothwort,
Cut-leaf toothcup


Dentaire laciniée,
Cardamine découpée


Native, Secure

FNANYFAFNY

 
Page 121

Two-leaved Toothwort or Crinkleroot
Dentaria diphylla Michaux

Plate 81b

Cardamine diphylla  (Michx.) Alph.Wood


Two-leaved toothwort,
Broadleaf toothwort,
Crinkleroot


Dentaire à deux feuilles,
Snicroûte,
Carcajou


Native, Secure

FNANYFAFNY

 
Page 122

American Sea Rocket
Cakile edentula (Bigelow) Hooker

Plate 82a

Cakile edentula  (Bigelow) Hook.


American searocket,
Sea rocket, Sea kale


Caquillier édentulé,
Roquette de mer


Native, Secure

FNANYFAFNY

 

Pitcher Plant Family - SarraceniaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 123

Pitcher Plant; Sidesaddle Flower
Sarracenia purpurea Linnaeus

Plate 83

Sarracenia purpurea  L.
  subsp. purpurea


Purple pitcher-plant,
Side-saddle plant


Sarracénie pourpre


Native, Vulnerable

FNANYFAFNY

 

Sundew Family - DroseraceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 123

Spatulate-leaved Sundew
Drosera intermedia (Linnaeus) Hayne

Plate 84

Drosera intermedia  Hayne


Spoon-leaved sundew,
Spoonleaf sundew,
Oblong-leaf sundew


Droséra intermédiaire,
Rossolis à feuille longue


Native, Apparently secure

NYFA

 

Virginia Stonecrop Family - PenthoraceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 124

Ditch or Virginia Stonecrop
Penthorum sedoides Linnaeus

Plate 87b

Penthorum sedoides  L.


Ditch-stonecrop,
Virginia stonecrop


Penthorum faux-orpin


Native, Secure

FNANYFA

 

Grass-of-Parnassus Family - ParnassiaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 125

Carolina Grass-of-Parnassus
Parnassia caroliniana Michaux[1]

Plate 85

Parnassia glauca  Raf.


Fen grass of Parnassus,
American grass-of-parnassus,
Glaucous grass-of-Parnassus


Parnassie à feuilles glauques,
Parnassie glauque


Native, Apparently secure

NYFAVCANFNY

 
  1. The original 1918 description, "Carolina Grass-of-Parnassus, Parnassia caroliniana Michaux" is a common misapplication of the southeastern species name to the northeastern P. glauca.

Saxifrage Family - SaxifragaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 125

Yellow Mountain Saxifrage
Leptasea aizoides (Linnaeus) Haworth

Plate 82b

Saxifraga aizoides  L.


Yellow mountain saxifrage,
Evergreen saxifrage


Saxifrage jaune


Native, Threatened

FNANYFAVCAN

 
Page 126

Early Saxifrage
Micranthes virginiensis (Linnaeus) Small

Plate 87a

Micranthes virginiensis  (Michx.) Small


Virginia saxifrage,
Early saxifrage


Saxifrage de Virginie


Native, Secure

FNANYFAVCAN

 
Page 126

Swamp Saxifrage
Micranthes pennsylvanica (Linnaeus) Haworth

Plate 86

Micranthes pensylvanica  (L.) Haw.


Eastern swamp saxifrage,
Marsh saxifrage,
Pennsylvania saxifrage


Saxifrage de Pennsylvanie


Native, Apparently secure

FNANYFAVCAN

 
Page 127

Foamflower; False Miterwort
Tiarella cordifolia Linnaeus

Plate 88

Tiarella cordifolia  L.


Heartleaf foamflower,
Heart-leaved foam-flower,
False mitrewort,
Coolwort


Tiarelle cordifoliée,
Tiarelle à feuilles cordées,
Tiarelle feuille-en-coeur,
Tiarelle


Native, Secure

FNANYFAVCAN

 
Page 127

Alumroot
Heuchera americana Linnaeus

Plate 89

Heuchera americana  L.
  var. americana


American alumroot


Heuchère d'Amérique


Native, Vulnerable

FNANYFAVCAN

 
Page 128

Two-leaved Bishop's Cap; Miterwort
Mitella diphylla Linnaeus

Plate 90b

Mitella diphylla  L.


Two-leaved bishop's-cap


Mitrelle à deux feuilles


Native, Secure

FNANYFAVCAN

 

Rose Family - RosaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 129

Meadowsweet; Quaker Lady
Spiraea latifolia (Aiton) Borkhausen

Plate 93a

Spiraea alba  Du Roi
  var. latifolia (Aiton) Dippel


Northern meadow-sweet,
White meadow-sweet,
Broad-leaved meadowsweet,


Spirée à larges feuilles


Native, Secure

FNANYFAVCAN

 
Page 129

Hardback; Steeplebush
Spiraea tomentosa Linnaeus

Plate 94a

Spiraea tomentosa  L.
  var. tomentosa


Hardhack spiraea,
Steeplebush


Spirée tomenteuse


Native, Secure

FNANYFAVCAN

 
Page 130

Indian Physic; Bowman's Root
Porteranthus trifoliatus (Linnaeus) Britton

Plate 91

Gillenia trifoliata  (L.) Moench


Bowman's root,
Mountain Indian-physic,
Fawn's breath


Gillénie trifoliée


Native, Apparently secure

 
Page 130

Common Five-finger or Cinquefoil
Potentilla canadensis Linnaeus

Plate 92a

Potentilla canadensis  L.


Canada cinquefoil,
Dwarf cinquefoil,
Common cinquefoil


Potentille du Canada


Native, Apparently secure

 
Page 131

Rough-fruited Cinquefoil
Potentilla recta Linnaeus

Plate 95

Potentilla recta  L.


Sulphur cinquefoil,
Upright cinquefoil,
Erect cinquefoil,
Roughfruit cinquefoil


Potentille dressée,
Potentille droite


Introduced, Widespread weed

FNANYFA

 
Page 132

Silverweed; Wild or Goose Tansy
Argentina anserina (Linnaeus) Rydberg

Plate 92b

Potentilla anserina  L.
  subsp. anserina


Silverweed cinquefoil, Common silverweed, Silver-feather


Potentille ansérine, Argentine, Richette, Potentille des oies


Native, Secure

FNANYFAVCAN

 
Page 132

Purple or Marsh Cinquefoil; Purplewort
Comarum palustre Linnaeus

Plate 96a

Comarum palustre  L.


Marsh cinquefoil,
Five-fingers,
Purple cinquefoil,
Purple marshlocks


Comaret des marais,
Potentille des marais,
Argentine rouge


Native, Apparently secure

FNANYFAVCAN

 
Page 133

Wild or Scarlet Strawberry
Fragaria virginiana (Linnaeus) Duchesne

Plate 97a

Fragaria virginiana  Mill.


Wild strawberry,
Virginia strawberry,
Scarlet strawberry


Fraisier des champs,
Fraisier de Virginie,
Fraise des champs


Native, Secure

FNANYFAVCAN

 
Page 134

Shrubby Five-finger or Cinquefoil
Dasiphora fruticosa (Linnaeus) Rydberg

Plate 96b

Dasiphora fruticosa  (L.) Rydb.


Shrubby cinquefoil,
Bush cinquefoil


Potentille arbustive,
Potentille frutescente


Native, Apparently secure

FNANYFAVCANFNY

 
Page 134

American Great Burnet
Sanguisorba canadensis Linnaeus

Plate 94b

Sanguisorba canadensis  L.


Canada burnet,
Canadian burnet,
American burnet,
White burnet,
Wild burnet,
Bottlebrush


Sanguisorbe du Canada,
Herbe à pisser


Native, Secure

FNANYFAVCANFNY

 
Page 135

Common Agrimony
Agrimonia striata Michaux
(Agrimonia brittoniana Bicknell)

Plate 98b

Agrimonia striata  Michx.


Woodland agrimony,
Woodland grooveburr,
Grooved agrimony,
Roadside agrimony,
Britton's agrimony


Aigremoine striée


Native, Secure

FNANYFAFNY

 
Page 135

Barren or Dry Strawberry
Waldsteinia fragarioides (Michaux) Trattinnick

Plate 99

Waldsteinia fragarioides  (Michx.) Tratt.


Appalachian barren-strawberry,
Barren strawberry,
Dry strawberry


Waldsteinie faux-fraisier


Native, Secure

FNANYFAFNY

 
Page 136

Yellow Avens; Camproot
Geum strictum Aiton

Plate 98a

Geum aleppicum  Jacq.


Yellow avens,
Aleppo avens,
Common avens


Benoîte d’Alep


Native, Secure

FNANYFAFNY

 
Page 136

Purple or Water Avens
Geum rivale Linnaeus

Plate 100

Geum rivale  L.


Purple avens,
Water avens,
Chocolate-root


Benoîte des ruisseaux,
Benoîte pourpre


Native, Secure

FNANYFAVCANFNY

 
Page 137

Purple-flowering Raspberry; Thimbleberry
Rubus odoratns Linnaeus

Plate 101

Rubus odoratus  L.


Purple flowering raspberry, Purple-flowered raspberry, Virginia raspberry


Ronce odorante, Framboisier sauvage, Calottes


Native, Secure

FNANYFAFNY

 
Page 138

Dewberry; Low Running Blackberry
Rubus procumbens Muhlenberg

Plate 93b

Rubus flagellaris  Willd.


American dewberry,
Northern dewberry,
Whiplash dewberry,
Northern blackberry


Ronce à flagelles


Native, Secure

FNANYFAFNY

 
Page 138

Dalibarda; Dewdrop or False Violet
Dalibarda repens Linnaeus

Plate 97b

Rubus repens  (L.) Kuntze


Robin runaway,
False-violet,
Dewdrop,
Star-violet


Dalibarde rampante


Native, Apparently secure

FNY

 
Page 139

Low or Pasture Rose
Rosa virginiana Miller

Plate 102

Rosa virginiana  Mill.


Virginia rose


Rosier de Virginie


Native, Apparently secure

FNANYFAFNY

 

Apple Family - MalaceaeEdit

This group is now treated as tribe Maleae, subfamily Amygdaloideae in the Rosaceae.

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 139

Black Chokeberry
Aronia melanocarpa (Michaux) Britton

Plate 103

Aronia melanocarpa  (Michx.) Elliott


Black chokeberry


Aronie à fruits noirs,
Aronia gueules-noires,
Aronia noir


Native, Secure

FNANYFAVCANFNY

 

Senna Family - CaesalpiniaceaeEdit

The Caesalpiniaceae is now treated as subfamily Caesalpinioideae in the Fabaceae (pea, bean or legume family).

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 140

Wild or American Senna
Cassia marilandica Linnaeus

Plate 104

Senna hebecarpa
  (Fernald) H.S. Irwin & Barneby


Wild senna,
Northern wild senna,
American senna,


Casse à fruits velus,
Casse sauvage


Native,, Apparently secure

NYFAVCANFNY

 
Page 141

Sensitive Pea; Wild Sensitive Plant
Chamaecrista nictitans (Linnaeus) Moenchhausen

Plate 105a

Chamaecrista nictitans  (L.) Moench


Partridge pea,
Sensitive partridge pea,
Wild sensitive plant,
Sensitive cassia


Native, Apparently secure

NYFAFNY

 
Page 141

Partridge Pea;
  Large-flowered Sensitive Pea

Chamaecrista fasciculata (Michaux) Greene

Plate 105b

Chamaecrista fasciculata
  (Michx.) Greene


Partridge pea,
Partridge sensitive-pea,
Prairie senna,
Golden cassia,
Showy partridge-pea,
Large-flowered sensitive pea,
Sleepingplant


Native, Vulnerable

NYFAFNY

 

Pea Family - FabaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 142

Wild Indigo; Horsefly Weed
Baptisia tinctoria (Linnaeus) R. Brown

Plate 107a

Baptisia tinctoria  (L.) R.Br.


Yellow wild indigo, Yellow false indigo, Horsefly weed, Yellow broom, Rattleweed


Baptisie des teinturiers


Native, Apparently secure

NYFAVCANFNY

 
Page 142

Wild or Perennial Lupine
Lupinus perennis Linnaeus

Figure XIX

Lupinus perennis  L.


Sundial lupine, Perennial lupine, Wild lupine


Lupin vivace, Lupin pérenne


Native, Rare

NYFAVCANFNY

 
Page 142

Wild or Perennial Lupine
Lupinus perennis Linnaeus

Plate 106


(See previous)

 
Page 144

Rabbit-foot, Old Field, or Stone Clover
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus

Plate 108a

Trifolium arvense  L.


Rabbitfoot clover,
Rabbit-foot clover,
Hare's-foot clover,
Hairy clover,
Old field clover,
Stone clover


Trèfle pied-de-lièvre,
Pied-de-lièvre,
Trèfle des champs,
Trèfle jaune


Introduced

NYFAVCANFNY

 
Page 145

Goat's-rue; Wild Sweet Pea
Cracca virginiana Linnaeus

Plate 108b

Tephrosia virginiana  (L.) Pers.


Virginia tephrosia,
Virginia goat's-rue,
Wild goat's-rue,
Rabbit-pea,
Cat-gut


Téphrosie de Virginie,
Téphrosia de Virginie


Native, Apparently secure

NYFAVCANFNY

 
Page 145

Coronilla; Axseed; Axwort
Coronilla varia Linnaeus

Plate 109

Securigera varia  (L.) Lassen


Crown vetch,
Purple crownvetch,
Field crown-vetch,
Trailing crown-vetch,
Common crown-vetch,
Axseed


Coronille bigarrée


Introduced, Moderately invasive

NYFAVCANFNY

 
Page 147

Prostrate Tick Trefoil
Meibomia michauxii Vail

Plate 110

Desmodium rotundifolium  DC.


Prostrate tick-trefoil,
Round-leaf tick trefoil,
Roundhead tickclover,
Dollarleaf


Desmodie à feuilles rondes


Native, Apparently secure

NYFAVCANFNY

 
Page 148

Large-bracted Tick Trefoil
Meibomia bracteosa (Alichaux) Kuntze

Plate 111

Desmodium cuspidatum
    (Muhl. ex Willd.) DC. ex D.Don


Toothed tick-trefoil,
Largebract ticktrefoil,
Large-bracted tick-trefoil


Desmodie cuspidée


Native, Secure

NYFAVCANFNY

 
Page 148

Dillen's Tick Trefoil
Meibomia dillenii (Darlington) Kuntze

Plate 112

Desmodium paniculatum  (L.) DC.


Narrow-leaved tick-trefoil,
Narrow-leaf tick-trefoil,
Panicled tick-trefoil,
Panicledleaf ticktrefoil,
Panicled tick clover,
Panicled tickclover


Desmodie paniculée


Native, Secure

NYFAVCANFNY
1998

 
Page 150

Stuve's Bush Clover
Lespedeza stuvei Nuttall

Plate 113b

Lespedeza stuevei  Nutt.


Tall bush-clover,
Tall lespedeza,
Stueve's lespedeza


Native, Threatened

NYFAFNY

 
Page 150

Wandlike Bush Clover
Lespedeza frutescens (Linnaeus) Britton

Plate 114

Lespedeza frutescens  (L.) Hornem.


Shrubby lespedeza,
Violet bush-clover


Native, Rare

NYFAFNY

 
Page 151

Hairy Bush Clover
Lespedeza hirta (Linnaeus) Hornemann

Plate 113a

Lespedeza hirta  (L.) Hornem.


Hairy bush-clover,
Hairy lespedeza


Lespédèze hirsute


Native,, Secure

NYFAVCANFNY

 
Page 151

Beach Pea; Seaside Pea
Lathyriis maritimus (Linnaeus) Bigelow

Plate 115

Lathyrus japonicus  Willd.
  var. maritimus (L.) Kartesz & Gandhi


Beach pea,
Beach peavine,
Beach vetchling,
Sea vetchling


Gesse maritime,
Gesse du Japon,
Gesse japonaise,
Pois de mer


Native, Apparently secure

NYFAVCANFNY

 
Page 152

Myrtle-leaved Marsh Pea
Lathyrus myrtifolius Muhlenberg

Plate 116

Lathyrus palustris   L.


Vetchling peavine,
Myrtle-leaved marsh pea


Gesse des marais,
Gesse palustre


Native, Apparently secure

 
Page 153

Groundnut; Wild Bean
Glycine apios Linnaeus

Plate 117

Apios americana  Medik.


American groundnut,
American potato-bean,
Ground-bean,
Wild bean


Apios d'Amérique,
Patates en chapelets,
Pénacs, Gland de terre


Native, Secure

NYFAVCANFNY

 
Page 153

Wild or Hog Peanut
Falcata comosa (Linnaeus) Kuntze

Plate 118a

Amphicarpaea bracteata  (L.) Fernald


American hog-peanut,
American hogpeanut,
Wild peanut,
Ground bean


Amphicarpe bractéolée,
Haricot de terre


Native, Secure

NYFAVCANFNY

 
Page 154

Trailing Wild Bean
Strophostyles helvola (Linnaeus) Britton

Plate 118b

Strophostyles helvola  (L.) Elliott


Trailing fuzzybean,
Wild bean,
Amberique-bean,
Annual wooly-bean


Native, Secure

NYFAVCANFNY

 

Geranium Family - GeraniaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 155

Herb Robert; Red Robin
Robertiella robertiana (Linnaeus) Hanks
(Geranium robertianum Linnaeus)

Plate 119

Geranium robertianum  L.


Herb-Robert,
Robert's geranium,
Mountain geranium


Géranium de Robert,
Herbe à Robert,
Herbe à l'esquinancie


Native,, Secure

NYFAVCANFNY

 
Page 155

Wild Geranium; Wild or Spotted Crane's-bill
Geranium maculatum Linnaeus

Plate 120

Geranium maculatum  L.


Spotted crane's-bill,
Spotted geranium,
Wild crane's-bill,
Wild geranium


Géranium maculé


Native,, Secure

NYFAVCANFNY

 

Wood Sorrel Family - OxalidaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 156

White or True Wood Sorrel; Alleluia
Oxalis acetosella Linnaeus

Plate 107b

Oxalis montana  Raf.


Mountain wood-sorrel, White wood-sorrel, Common wood-sorrel, Northern wood-sorrel


Oxalide de montagne, Oxalide des bois


Native, Secure

NYFAFNY

 
Page 157

Violet Wood Sorrel
Ionoxalis violacea (Linnaeus) Small

Plate 121a

Oxalis violacea  L.


Violet wood-sorrel,
Violet woodsorrel,
Purple woodsorrel


Native, Threatened

NYFAFNY

 
Page 157

Tall Yellow Wood Sorrel
Xanthoxalis cymosa Small

Plate 121b

Oxalis stricta  L.


Upright yellow wood-sorrel,
Common yellow wood-sorrel,
Common yellow oxalis,
European wood-sorrel,
Tall wood-sorrel


Oxalide d'Europe,
Oxalide dressée,
Oxalide stricte,
Surette,
Pain d'oiseau,
Oxalis droit


Native, Secure

NYFAVCANFNY

 

Jewelweed Family - BalsaminaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 158

Spotted or Wild Touch-me-not
Impatiens biflora Walter

Plate 122a

Impatiens capensis  Meerb.


Spotted jewelweed,
Orange touch-me-not,
Spotted touch-me-not,
Spotted snapweed


Impatiente du Cap,
Chou sauvage,
Impatiente biflore


Native, Secure

NYFAVCANFNY

 
Page 158

Pale Touch-me-not; Jewelweed
Impatiens pallida Nuttall

Plate 122b

Impatiens pallida  Nutt.


Pale jewel-weed,
Pale snapweed,
Pale touch-me-not,
Yellow touch-me-not


Impatiente pâle


Native, Apparently secure

NYFAVCANFNY

 

Milkwort Family - PolygalaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 160

Orange Milkwort;
    Wild Bachelor's-button

Polygala lutea Linnaetis

Plate 123a

Polygala lutea  L.


Yellow milkwort, Orange milkwort


Native, Endangered

NYFAFNY

 
Page 160

Cross-leaved or Marsh Milkwort
Polygala cruciata Linnaeus

Plate 123b

Polygala cruciata  L.


Cross-leaved milkwort,
Drumheads,
Candy root,
Cross polygala,
Marsh milkwort


Polygale des marais


Native, Rare

NYFAVCANFNY

 
Page 161

Field or Purple Milkwort
Polygala viridescens Linnaeus

Plate 124a

Polygala sanguinea  L.


Field milkwort,
Purple milkwort,
Blood milkwort,
Rose milkwort


Polygale sanguin,
Polygala sanguin


Native, Secure

NYFAVCANFNY

 
Page 161

Seneca Snakeroot; Mountain Flax
Polygala senega Linnaeus

Plate 125a

Polygala senega  L.


Seneca snakeroot,
Seneca milkroot,
Seneca root,
Sengaroot


Polygale sénéca,
Polygala de Sénéca,
Polygala Sénéga,
Sénéca


Native, Secure

NYFAFNY

 
Page 162

Racemed Milkwort
Polygala polygama Walter

Plate 124b

Polygala polygama  Walter


Racemed milkwort,
Bitter milkwort,
Purple milkwort


Polygale polygame,
Polygala polygame


Native, Secure

NYFAFNY

 
Page 162

Fringed Milkwort;
    Flowering Wintergreen

Polygala paucifolia Willdenow

Plate 125b

Polygaloides paucifolia  (Willd.) J.R. Abbott


Gay-wing milkwort,
Gaywings,
Fringed milkwort,
Fringed polygala


Polygale paucifolié,
Polygala paucifolié


Native, Secure

NYFAVCANFNY

 

Buckthorn Family - RhamnaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 163

New Jersey Tea; Redroot
Ceanothus americanus Linnaeus

Plate 126

Ceanothus americanus  L.


New Jersey tea,
Indian tea,
Wild snowball,
Redroot,
Snowbrush,
Soapbloom,
Mountainsweet


Céanothe d'Amérique,
Céanothus d'Amérique


Native, Secure

NYFAVCANFNY

 

Mallow Family - MalvaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 163

Marsh Mallow; Wymote
Althaea officinalis Linnaeus

Plate 127

Althaea officinalis  L.


Common marsh-mallow,
White-mallow,
Wymote


Guimauve officinale,
Guimauve sauvage


Introduced from Eurasia & northern Africa

NYFAVCANFNY

 
Page 164

Musk Mallow; Musk Plant
Malva moschata Linnaeus

Plate 128

Malva moschata  L.


Musk mallow, Musk cheeseweed, Musk plant


Mauve musquée


Introduced from Eurasia

NYFAVCANFNY

 
Page 165

Swamp Rose Mallow; Mallow Rose
Hibiscus moscheutos Linnaeus

Plate 129

Hibiscus moscheutos  L.


Swamp rosemallow, Crimsoneyed rosemallow, Marsh mallow, Sea hollyhock


Ketmie des marais


Native, Apparently secure

NYFAVCANFNY

 

Saint John's-wort Family - HypericaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 167

Great or Giant Saint John's-wort
Hypericum ascyron Linnaeus

Plate 130a

Hypericum ascyron  L.
  subsp. pyramidatum (Aiton) N. Robson


Great St. Johnswort,
Great St. John's-wort,
Giant St. John's-wort


Millepertuis à grandes fleurs,
Millepertuis à grande fleur,
Millepertuis faux-ascyrum,
Millepertuis pyramidal


Native, Rare

NYFAVCANFNY

 
Page 168

Elliptic-leaved or
    Pale Saint John's-wort

Hypericum ellipticum Hooker

Plate 130b

Hypericum ellipticum  Hook.


Pale St. Johnswort,
Pale St. John's-wort,
Elliptic St. John's-wort,
Elliptic-leaved St. John's-wort


Millepertuis elliptique


Native, Secure

NYFAVCANFNY

 
Page 168

Common Saint John's-wort
Hypericum perforatum Linnaeus

Plate 131a

Hypericum perforatum  L.


Common St. John's-wort,
Perforate St. John's-wort,
Klamathweed,
Goatweed,
Eola-weed,
Tipton's weed


Millepertuis commun,
Millepertuis perforé


Introduced from Eurasia and northern Africa,
Widespread weed,
Somewhat invasive

NYFAVCANFNY

 

Rockrose Family - CistaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 169

Frostweed; Rockrose
Crocanthemum canadense (Linnaeus) Britton

Plate 131b

Crocanthemum canadense  (L.) Britton


Long-branched frostweed,
Common frostweed,
Canada frostweed,
Canada sun-rose,
Rock-rose,
Frostwort


Hélianthème du Canada,
Crocanthème du Canada


Native, Secure

NYFAVCANFNY

 
Page 169

Woolly Hudsonia; False Heather
Hudsonia tomentosa Nuttall

Plate 132a

Hudsonia tomentosa  Nutt.


Sand-heather, Woolly beach-heather,
Sand false heather, Woolly Hudsonia


Hudsonie tomenteuse


Native, Secure

NYFAVCANFNY

 

Violet Family - ViolaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 173

Bird's-foot Violet
Viola pedata Linnaeus

Plate 133

Viola pedata  L.


Birdfoot violet, Bird's-foot violet,
Crowfoot violet, Pansy violet


Violette pédalée,
Violette pied-d'oiseau


Native, Rare

NYFAVCANFNY

 
Page 174

Early Blue or Palmate-leaved Violet
Viola palmata Linnaeus

Plate 134a

Viola palmata  L.


Early blue violet,
Three-lobe violet,
Palmate-leaf violet,
Wood violet,
Crowfoot violet,
Cleft violet


Violette palmée


Native, Secure

NYFAVCANFNY

 
Page 175

Coast or Britton's Violet
Viola brittoniana Pollard

Plate 136b

Viola pedatifida  G. Don
  var. brittoniana
        (Pollard) R.J. Little and L.E. McKinney


Coastal violet,
Coast violet,
Northern coastal violet,
Britton’s violet


Native, Endangered

NYFAFNY

 
Page 175

Woolly Blue Violet; Sister Violet
Viola sororia Willdenow

Plate 135a

Viola sororia  Willd.
  var. sororia


Common blue violet,
Woolly blue violet,
Hairy blue violet,
Downy blue violet,
Hooded blue violet,
Common violet, Sister violet


Violette parente,
Violette septentrionale


Native, Secure

NYFAVCANFNY

 
Page 176

LeConte's Violet
Viola affinis LeConte

Plate 135b

Viola sororia  Willd.
  var. affinis (Leconte) L.E.McKinney


Sand violet,
Le Conte's violet,
Arizona bog violet,
Common blue violet,
Thin-leaved blue violet


Violette affine


Native, Secure

NYFAVCANFNY

 
Page 177

Marsh Blue Violet
Viola cucullata Aiton

Plate 138b

Viola cucullata  Aiton


Marsh blue violet, Blue marsh violet, Longstem marsh violet


Violette cucullée, Violette dressée


Native, Secure

NYFAVCANFNY

 
Page 177

Ovate-leaved Violet
Viola fimbriatula J. E. Smith

Plate 137a

Viola sagittata  Aiton
  var. ovata (Nutt.) Torr. & A. Gray


Arrowleaf violet,
Arrow-leaved violet,
Ovate-leaved violet,
Sand violet,
Fringed violet,
Fimbriate violet


Violette à feuilles frangées


Native, Apparently secure

NYFAVCANFNY

 
Page 177

Arrow-leaved Violet
Viola sagittata Aiton

Plate 137b

Viola sagittata  Aiton
  var. sagittata


Arrow-leaved violet,
Fringed violet


Violette sagittée,
Violette sagittée variété sagittée


Native, Apparently secure

NYFAVCANFNY

 
Page 178

Triangle-leaved Violet
Viola emarginata (Nuttall) LeConte

Plate 136a

Viola sagittata  Aiton
  var. sagittata


Arrow-leaved violet,
Fringed violet


Violette sagittée,
Violette sagittée variété sagittée


Native, Apparently secure

NYFAVCANFNY

 
Page 179

Great-spurred or Selkirk's Violet
Viola selkirkii Pursh

Plate 139a

Viola selkirkii


Selkirk’s violet

NYFAFNY

 
Page 179

Large-leaved White Violet
Viola incognita Brainerd

Plate 139b

Viola blanda  Willd.


Sweet white violet


Native, Unranked

NYFAFNY

 
Page 180

Primrose-leaved Violet
Viola primulifolia Linnaeus

Plate 140a

Viola primulifolia  L.
  var. primulifolia


Primrose-leaved violet


Native, Threatened

FNY

 
Page 180

Lance-leaved or Water Violet
Viola lanceolata Linnaeus

Plate 140b

Viola lanceolata  L.


Lance-leaved violet


Native, Apparently secure

NYFAFNY

 
Page 181

Smoothish Yellow Violet
Viola eriocarpa Schweinitz

Plate 134b

Viola pubescens  Ait.
  var. pubescens


Downy yellow-stemmed violet

NYFAFNY

 
Page 181

Canada Violet
Viola canadensis Linnaeus

Plate 141

Viola canadensis  L.
  var. canadensis


Canada violet

NYFAFNY

 
Page 182

American Dog Violet
VioIa conspersa Reichenbach

Plate 142b

Viola labradorica  Schrank


American dog violet


Native, Apparently secure

NYFAFNY

 
Page 183

Long-spurred Violet
Viola rostrata Pursh

Plate 142a

Viola rostrata  Pursh


Long-spurred violet


Native, Secure

NYFAFNY

 

Loosestrife Family - Salicariaceae (Lythraceae)Edit

The Swamp Loosestrife and the Spiked or Purple Loosestrife belong to this family, which in addition to these two species illustrated here, is represented in this State by two smaller flowered species of Lythrum (Lythrum hyssopifolia Linnaeus and L. alatum Pursh) and the Clammy Cuphea or Blue Waxweed (Parsonsia petiolata (Linnaeus) Rusby).

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 183

Swamp Loosestrife; Willow-herb
Decodon verticillatus (Linnaeus) Elliott

Plate 143a

Decodon verticillatus  (L.) Elliott


Water willow, Swamp loosestrife, Hairy swamp loosestrife, Swamp willowherb, Water oleander, Whorled loosestrife


Décodon verticillé, Décodent verticillé


Native, Secure

NYFAVCANFNY

 
Page 184

Spiked or Purple Loosestrife
Lythrum salicaria Linnaeus

Plate 143b

Lythrum salicaria  L.


Purple loosestrife, Spiked loosestrife


Salicaire commune, Lythrum salicaire, Salicaire


Introduced, Naturalized, Invasive

NYFAVCANFNY

 

Meadow Beauty Family - MelastomaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 184

Meadow Beauty; Deer Grass
Rhexia virginica Linnaeus

Plate 138a

Rhexia virginica  L.


Virginia meadow beauty,
Handsome Harry


Native, Apparently secure

NYFAFNY

 

Volume 2Edit

Evening Primrose Family - Epilobiaceae (Onagraceae)Edit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 187

Seedbox; Rattlebox
Ludwigia alternifolia Linnaeus

Plate 145b

Ludwigia alternifolia  L.


Alternate-leaved seed-box,
Bushy seedbox,
Rattlebox,
Seedbox,
Square-pod water-primrose


Ludwigie à feuilles alternes


Native, Apparently secure

NYFAVCANFNY

 
Page 187

Fireweed; Great or Spiked Willow-herb
Chamaenerion angustifolium (Linnaeus) Scopoli

Plate 144b

Chamaenerion angustifolium  (L.) Scop.
  subsp. circumvagum (Mosquin) Moldenke


Fireweed,
Narrow-leaved fireweed,
Wandering fireweed


Épilobe vagabond


Native, Secure

NYFAVCANFNY

 
Page 188

Great Hairy Willow-herb
Epilobium hirsutum Linnaeus

Plate 144a

Epilobium hirsutum  L.


Great hairy willow-herb,
Great willow-herb,
Hairy willow herb,
Hairy willowherb,
Hairy willow-herb,
Hairy willow-weed,
Codlins and cream,
Fireweed,
Willow-herb


Épilobe hirsute,
Épilobe hérissé


Introduced from Eurasia, Invasive

NYFAVCANFNY

 
Page 189

Common Evening Primrose
Oenothera bieinnis Linnaeus

Plate 145a

Oenothera biennis  L.


Common evening-primrose

NYFAFNY

 
Page 190

Northern Evening Primrose
Oenothera muricata Linnaeus

Plate 146

Oenothera biennis  L.


Common evening-primrose

NYFAFNY

 
Page 190

Common Sundrops
Kneiffia fruticosa (Linnaeus) Raimann

Plate 147a

Oenothera fruticosa  L.


Narrow-leaved sundrops,
Narrow-leaved evening primrose


Onagre frutescente


Native, Secure

NYFAFNY

 
Page 191

Biennial Gaura
Gaura biennis Linnaeus

Plate 148

Oenothera gaura  W.L.Wagner & Hoch


Biennial gaura


North American native (NY unknown)

NYFAFNY

 

Ginseng Family - AraliaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 191

Dwarf Ginseng or Groundnut
Panax trifolium Linnaeus

Plate 132b

Panax trifolius  L.


Dwarf ginseng, Groundnut


Ginseng à trois folioles,
Panace à trois folioles, Petit ginseng


Native, Secure

NYFAFNY

 

Carrot Family - AmmiaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 192

Hemlock Water Parsnip
Sium cicutacfolium Schrank

Plate 149

Sium suave  Walter


Hemlock water-parsnip,
Water-parsnip,
Water-parsley


Native, Secure

NYFAFNY

 

Dogwood Family - CornaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 193

Low or Dwarf Cornel; Bunchberry
Cornus canadensis Linnaeus

Plate 150

Cornus canadensis  L.


Bunchberry, Pudding berry, Crackerberry, Dwarf cornel, Canada dwarf-dogwood


Cornouiller quatre-temps,
Cornouiller du Canada


Native, Apparently secure

FNANYFAVCANFNY

 

White Alder Family - ClethraceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 194

Sweet Pepper Bush; White Alder
Clethra alnifolia Linnaeus

Plate 147b

Clethra alnifolia  L.


Coastal sweet-pepperbush,
Coast pepperbush,
Sweet Pepperbush,
Anne Bidwell,
Summersweet,
Pink spire


Clèthre à feuilles d'aulne


Native, Secure

FNANYFAVCANFNY

 

Wintergreen Family - PyrolaceaeEdit

 
Three Pyrola (wintergreen) spp.
The Pyrolaceae (wintergreen family) is currently placed in tribe Pyroleae, subfamily Monotropoideae in the Ericaceae (heath or heather family), order Ericales.
Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 194

Bog Wintergreen
Pyrola uliginosa Torrey

Plate 151a

Pyrola asarifolia  Michx.
  subsp. asarifolia


Pink shinleaf,
Pink wintergreen,
Bog wintergreen,
Liverleaf wintergreen


Pyrole à feuilles d'asaret


Native, Threatened

NYFA

 
Page 195

Shinleaf
Pyrola elliptica Nuttall

Plate 151b

Pyrola elliptica  Nutt.


Common shinleaf,
Shinleaf,
Waxflower shinleaf,
Large-leaved shineleaf,
Elliptic shineleaf


Native, Secure

NYFA

 
Page 195

Round-leaved American Wintergreen
Pyrola americana Sweet

Figure 20

Pyrola americana  Sweet


American wintergreen,
American shinleaf,
Wild lily-of-the-valley,
Round-leaved shineleaf,
Round-leaved wintergreen


Native, Secure

NYFA

 
Page 197

Pipsissewa; Prince's Pine
Chimaphila umbellata (Linnaeus) Barton

Plate 152a

Chimaphila umbellata  (L.) W.P.C. Barton


Pipsissewa


Native, Secure

NYFAFNY

 

Indian Pipe Family - MonotropaceaeEdit

The Monotropaceae (Indian pipe family) is currently placed in tribe Monotropeae, subfamily Monotropoideae in the Ericaceae (heath or heather family), order Ericales.
Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 198

Indian Pipe; or Corpse Plant
Monotropa uniflora Linnaeus

Plate 152b

Monotropa uniflora  L.


Indian-pipe,
One-flowered Indian pipe,
Ghost pipe,
Convulsion root


Monotrope uniflore,
Monotrope à une fleur


Native, Secure

FNY

 
Page 198

Indian Pipe; or Corpse Plant
Monotropa uniflora Linnaeus

Figure XXI

Monotropa uniflora  L.


Indian-pipe,
One-flowered Indian pipe,
Ghost pipe,
Convulsion root


Monotrope uniflore,
Monotrope à une fleur


Native, Secure

FNY

 
Page 200

Pinesap; False Beechdrops
Hypopitys americana (DeCandolle) Small

Plate 153a

Monotropa hypopithys  L.


Pinesap, American pinesap, Yellow pinesap, Yellow bird's-nest, False beechdrops


Monotrope du pin, Monotrope à grappe


Native, Apparently secure

NYFAFNY

 

Heath Family - EricaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 200

Purple or Pink Azalea; Pinkster Flower
Azalea nudiflora Linnaeus

Plate 154

Rhododendron periclymenoides
  (Michx.) Shinners


Pinxter flower, Pink azalea, Pinkster, Pinxterbloom azalea, Election-pink


Native, Secure

FNANYFAFNY

 
Page 201

Mountain or Hoary Azalea
Azalea canescens Michaux

Figure XXII

Rhododendron periclymenoides
  (Michx.) Shinners


Pinxter flower, Pink azalea, Pinkster, Pinxterbloom azalea, Election-pink


Because Rhododendron canescens (syn. Azalea canescens) is not known to have naturalized in New York, and assuming that this photograph was taken of a wild azalia within the state, it is probable that A. canescens is an incorrect identification of this plant. It is more likely to be the similar species R. periclymenoides.

FNANYFAFNY

 
Page 201

Great Laurel; Rose Bay
Rhododendron maximum Linnaeus

Figure XXIII

Rhododendron maximum  L.


Great rosebay, Great laurel, Great rhododendron, Rose bay, Wild rhododendron, Rosebay rhododendron


Native, Apparently secure

FNANYFAFNY

 
Page 203

Labrador Tea
Ledum groenlandicum Oeder

Plate 155a

Rhododendron groenlandicum
  (Oeder) Kron & Judd


Labrador tea,
Bog Labrador tea,
Common Labrador tea


Native, Likely secure

FNANYFAFNY

 
Page 205

Sheep Laurel; Lambkill; Wicky
Kalmia angustifolia Linnaeus

Plate 160a

Kalmia angustifolia  L.
  var. angustifolia


Sheep-laurel, Sheepkill


Native, Secure

FNANYFAFNY

 
Page 205

Mountain Laurel; Calico Bush
Kalmia latifolia Linnaeus

Plate 156a

Kalmia latifolia  L.


Mountain laurel


Native, Secure

NYFAFNY

 
Page 206

Pale or Swamp Laurel
Kalmia polifolia Wangenheim

Plate 156b

Kalmia polifolia  Wang.


Pale laurel,
Bog laurel,
Swamp laurel


Native, Apparently secure

NYFAFNY

 
Page 206

Leatherleaf; Dwarf Cassandra
Chamaedaphne calyculata (Linnaeus) Moench

Plate 157a

Chamaedaphne calyculata  (L.) Moench


Leatherleaf


Native, Secure

FNANYFAFNY

 
Page 207

Wild Rosemary; Marsh Holy Rose; Moorwort
Andromeda polifolia Linnaeus

Plate 159a

Andromeda polifolia  L.
  var. latifolia Aiton


Bog rosemary,
Glaucous-leaved bog rosemary


Andromède glauque


Native, Secure

FNANYFAFNY

 
Page 208

Staggerbush
Neopieris mariana (Linnaeus) Britton

Plate 155b

Lyonia mariana  (L.) D.Don


Staggerbush,
Piedmont staggerbush,
Maryland staggerbush


Native, Apparently secure

FNANYFAFNY

 
Page 208

Trailing Arbutus; Mayflower
Epigaea repens Linnaeus

Plate 153b

Epigaea repens  L.


Trailing arbutus, Mayflower, Ground laurel


Native, Apparently secure

FNANYFAFNY

 
Page 209

Creeping or Spicy Wintergreen; Checkerberry
Gautheria procumbens Linnaeus

Plate 158b

Gaultheria procumbens  L.


Wintergreen,
Teaberry


Native, Secure

FNANYFAFNY

 

Huckleberry Family - VacciniaceaceEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 210

Dwarf Huckleberry; Gopherberry
Gaylussacia dumosa (Andrews) Torrey & Gray

Plate 157b

Gaylussacia bigeloviana
(Fernald) Sorrie & Weakley


Bog huckleberry, Dwarf huckleberry


Native, Endangered

FNANYFAFNY

 
Page 210

Large or American Cranberry
Oxycoccus macrocarpus (Alton) Pursh

Plate 158a

Vaccinium macrocarpon  Aiton


Cranberry, Large cranberry, American cranberry
Canneberge à gros fruits, Ronce d'Amérique


Native, Secure

FNANYFAFNY

 

Primrose Family - PrimulaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 211

Mistassini or Dwarf Canadian Primrose
Primula mistassinica Michaux

Plate 159b

Primula mistassinica  Michx.


Lake Mistassini primrose,
Bird's-eye primrose,
Mistassini primrose,
Dwarf Canadian primrose


Primevère du lac Mistassini,
Primevère de Mistassini


Native, Threatened

FNANYFAVCANFNY

 
Page 212

Crosswort; Whorled Loosestrife
Lysimachia quadrifolia Linnaeus

Plate 160b

Lysimachia quadrifolia  L.


Whorled loosestrife,
Whorled yellow loosestrife,
Prairie loosestrife,
Crosswort


Lysimaque à quatre feuilles,
Lysimaque quatre feuilles


Native, Secure

FNANYFAVCANFNY

 
Page 212

Bulb-bearing Loosestrife; Swamp Candles
Lysimachia terrestris
  (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenberg

Plate 161b

Lysimachia terrestris
  (L.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.


Swamp loosestrife,,
Earth loosestrife,,
Lake loosestrife,,
Swamp candles


Lysimaque terrestre


Native, Secure

FNANYFAVCANFNY

 
Page 213

Moneywort; Creeping Loosestrife
Lysimachia nummularia Linnaeus

Plate 164a

Lysimachia nummularia  L.


Moneywort,
Creeping Jenny,
Creeping loosestrife,
Creeping yellow loosestrife


Lysimaque nummulaire,
Herbe-aux-écus,
Monnayère


Introduced from temperate Eurasia,
Moderately invasive

FNANYFAVCANFNY

 
Page 213

Fringed Loosestrife
Steironema ciliatum (Linnaeus) Rafinesque

Plate 162

Lysimachia ciliata  L.


Fringed loosestrife,
Fringed yellow loosestrife,
Ciliate loosestrife


Lysimaque ciliée,
Lysimaque fimbriée,
Stéironéma cilié


Native, Secure

NYFAVCANFNY

 
Page 214

Tufted Loosestrife
Naumburgia thrysiflora (Linnaeus) Duby

Plate 163

Lysimachia thyrsiflora  L.


Tufted loosestrife,
Tufted yellow loosestrife,
Water loosestrife,
Swamp loosestrife


Lysimaque thyrsiflore


Native, Apparently secure

FNANYFAVCANFNY

 
Page 214

Star Flower; Chickweed Wintergreen
Trientalis borealis Rafinesque

Plate 165b

Lysimachia borealis
  (Raf.) U.Manns & Anderb.


Northern starflower, American starflower


Trientale boréale


Native, Secure

FNANYFAVCANFNY

 

Plumbago Family - PlumbaginaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph
Page 215

Seaside Lavender; Marsh Rosemary; Canker-root
Limonium carolinianum (Walter) Britton

Plate 166b

Limonium carolinianum  (Walter) Britton


Sea-lavender, American thrift,
Lavender thrift,
Seaside thrift,
Canker root,
Ink root,
Marsh root


Native, Secure

 

Family - GentianaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph

Sea or Marsh Pink
Sabbatia stellaris Pursh

Plate 166a

Sabatia stellaris  Pursh


Sea pink,
Marsh pink,
Rose of Plymouth,
Saltmarsh rosegentian


Native, Threatened

NYFAFNY

 
Page 217

Large Marsh Pink
Sabbatia dodecandra
  (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenberg)

Figure XXIV

Sabatia dodecandra  (L.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.
  var. dodecandra


Large marsh pink


Native, Apparently extirpated

 

Fringed Gentian
Gentiana crinata

Plate 167

Page 219

Stiff Gentian; Ague-weed
Gentiana quinquefolia

Figure XXV

Closed Blue or Blind Gentian
Dasystephana andrewsii

Plate 168

Family - MenyanthaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph

Buckbean; Marsh Trefoil
Menyanthes trifoliata

Plate 169

Family - ApocynaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph

Spreading Dogbane
Apocynum androsaemifolium

Plate 170a

Family - AsclepiadaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph

Butterfly Weed; Pleurisy Root
Asclepias tuberosa

Plate 171

Asclepias tuberosa


Butterfly weed


Native

 

Swamp Milkweed
Asclepias incarnata

Plate 172

Blunt-leaved Milkweed
Asclepias amplexicaulis

Plate 173

Four-leaved Milkweed
Asclepias quadrifolia

Plate 174

Common Alilkweed; Silkweed
Asclepias syriaca

Plate 175

Family - ConvolvulaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph

Hedge or Great Bindweed
Convolvulus sepium

Plate 176

Upright or Low Bindweed
Convolvulus spithamacus

Plate 164b

Family - CuscutaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph

Gronovius's Dodder; Love Vine
Cuscata gronovii

Plate 170b

Family - PolemoniaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph

Family - HydrophyllaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph

Family - BoraginaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph

Family - VerbenaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph

Family - LabiataeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph

Family - SolanaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph

Family - ScrophulariaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph

Family - LentibulariaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph

Family - OrobanchaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph

Family - AcanthaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph

Family - PhrymaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph

Family - RubiaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph

Family - CaprifoliaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph

Family - DipsacaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph

Family - CucurbitaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph

Family - CampanulaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph

Family - LobeliaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph

Family - CichoriaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph

Family - AmbrosiaceaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph

Family - CompositaeEdit

Original heading Current names & NY status Photograph