«BEIC (Biblioteca Europea di Informazione e Cultura, European Library of Information and Culture) digital library aims to make available a large selection of the most important works of the European and world culture, from antiquity to the present day, in every main field of knowledge (from literatures to mathematics, from law to medicine, from economics to religion etc.). University specialists and library experts have selected and edited the records of each collection».
See all images we already uploaded with a free license at Category:Media from BEIC.
We uploaded an entire photo archive, 17.000 images, see below and help us!
We uploaded thousands books and book frontespieces from relevant works selected by field experts, mostly centuries old.
The Paolo Monti Archive on CommonsEdit
You can help!
In April 2016 we uploaded almost the entire digital photo archive of an important Italian photographer, Paolo Monti, with nearly 17.000 images (the whole archive is owned by Fondazione BEIC).
The photos represent various subjects (art, events, architecture, people, portraits, nature, artistic nudes, experimental) and were shot since 1940s to 1980s. Many of them are B/W, but there are also many colourful artistic/experimental pictures as well as the first contact sheet collection (with test prints etc.) of Commons and some photos of restricted objects, very hard to find under free license but available to BEIC because they were commissioned/authorised/waived to Paolo Monti by the rightsholders.
This is the largest release of a photographer's collection ever, followed perhaps by Commons:BAnQ (with about 700 photos by Conrad Poirier, who died in 1968).
The photos we uploaded were all selected and "tagged" manually by BEIC-commissioned cataloguers working according to the standards. To give Commons the best quality end result possible, we uploaded the highest resolution available with all available metadata in appropriate fields.
The conversion from archival/library standards to Commons standards, especially as regards categories, is in our work plans for the coming months and will happen on Commons itself, to achieve multiple goals:
- show and teach BEIC librarians how to use the tools available on Commons, much more efficient than any offline or cataloguing software out there for this sort of file cleanup;
- be completely transparent about the process by keeping a log of every conversion, given there is no (published) standard for such metadata mapping;
- leave a trace of category redirects which will be useful in the future both for crosslinking (between Commons and various catalogues/ontologies) and for uploads of new material, which will be able to reuse our work instead of redoing everything from scratch.
Statistics for a recent day show about 50 thousands downloads of Paolo Monti images over 200 px wide, which translates to over a million a month (although addition to articles is still ongoing and far from a peak).
Work in progressEdit
We are now working - with your help! - on:
- using images inside Wikipedia articles, or other Wikimedia projects, in any language (and into Wikidata). We have 1 452 used images (8.6% of total) used 4148 times as of 2 August 2017.
- improving categories (often translating the original Italian categories into English, see top wanted categories) and providing a more specific categorization for the images - see Commons:BEIC/popular categories
- Identifying locations and buildings still unknown (1275 as of 2 August 2017).
- adding geographical coordinates to images (using Commons:Locator-tool). We have 8 133 images with locations (48.3% of total) as of 2 August 2017.
- selecting the best photos to candidate them as "featured pictures" (at least 2 megapixel of resolution needed) or "valued images" (any resolution).
In the first 3 days, together with Commons editors, half of the "translation" work was already completed and files had each an average of 4 "blue" categories plus 4 "red" categories (65+75 thousands). As of June 2016, about 38 thousands red links remain, of which half will be addressed by a bot replacement and the rest will continue being fixed by BEIC users.
Please help us, this is a big work!
- Photographs by Paolo Monti (details in Commons:BEIC/Photograph; license statement from the online metadata)
- Translate the BEIC source template in your language.
Every single image by Paolo Monti must be categorized:
- by year: see Category:Photographs by Paolo Monti by year
- by subject: see Category:Photographs by Paolo Monti by subject
- by media: see Category:Photographs by Paolo Monti by medium
- by city: see Category:Photographs by Paolo Monti by country
Right statements for the images are provided directly on beic.it, where the images are marked with a free Creative Commons license further explained by the general copyright notice. Fondazione BEIC holds the relevant archive records.
What Fondazione BEIC knows about the copyright status follows.
- The BEIC lawyer stated that «BEIC foundation owns all [attribution] copyrights» («Fondazione Beic è proprietaria di tutti i diritti di attribuzione»), in particular that «BEIC foundation is the only rightsholder» [italics added] («BEIC è il solo detentore dei diritti d'autore (copyright)»). This implies that any relevant third party rights over the images, where existing, have been acquired by BEIC.
- This statement is consistent with the story of the photos as we know of it: the artists commissioned the photos for inclusion in future publications authored by Paolo Monti, so they provided the necessary authorisations and transfer of rights. Paolo Monti was a professional photographer with a broad experience in taking photos of pieces of art, so it makes sense that he took care of acquiring the artists' rights.
- As for photos of 3D objects, the statement is also consistent (or non-inconsistent) with the judgement by the supreme court of Italy, which stated that photos of a piece of art may not be an infringement of the copyright of the artist, when deemed sufficiently creative, because the purpose of the diritto d'autore is to protect creativity and hence in such cases the author of the photo can have complete copyright on the photo itself. (Corte di Cassazione, Sezione 1 civile; Sentenza 12 marzo 2004, n. 5089.) There is some literature on international effects in case the author of the depicted work of art claimed ownership of some copyright on the photo, but the Court didn't impose such a restriction. There are no automatic universal ways to determine who holds rights on the photo of a work; lack of rights by the photographer may be established by a court or appeals court.
- The statement is also consistent with common sense: because a photo of a 3D object doesn't in any way enable the reuser to reproduce, as in rebuild, the original object, a cc-by-sa license on the photo doesn't affect the copyright of the original object. While the term "derivative work" is sometimes used creatively, the main relevant article of the Berne convention, i.e. 2(3), deals with «Translations, adaptations, arrangements of music and other alterations».
Some policy references are provided for context.
- In multiple cases, for the Berne Convention a country has the power to make decisions that will then affect the use of a work in other countries as well. It's not irrelevant that a photo has been shot in Italy.
- Wikimedia Commons has its own tradition, especially Commons:De minimis. The extent of the reproduction of a work depicted in a photo matters.
- Wikimedia Commons has a tradition of accepting OTRS tickets for both a copyright release on the work at hand (a photo) and reassurances of various kinds on the rights of third parties, especially in the case of photographers for hire, such as 1a, 1b, 1c, 2, 3a, 3b, 3c, 3d. Every responsible photographer clears the rights underlying their work, so we're often able to get reliable reassurances in that regard.
- To consider invalid a release made by an entity, Wikimedia Commons generally requires some evidence (4a, 4b, 4c); it's not enough to speculate that the releaser might have ignored third party rights, though it's ok to ask on a case-by-case basis whether there was a mistake about a specific photo (4d).
Ex libris and typographic marksEdit
See Category:Ex libris from BEIC and it:Progetto:GLAM/BEIC/Ex libris e marche tipografiche (Italian) for details
- Largest files
- Top 24 most edited file pages
- Top 100 most populated categories in use by these files
- Volunteers contributing to documentation of these files
- Top 24 most used files in Wikimedia projects
- Random selection of files most likely to have more potential reuse, or needing better categorization