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This page gives lists of country-specific copyright tags in different countries or territories of Europe. It is "transcluded" from individual page sections giving the copyright tags specific to each country or territory.

Contents

Countries of EuropeEdit

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COM:TAG Albania

Albania

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COM:TAG Andorra

Andorra

No information available

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COM:TAG Armenia

Armenia

  • {{PD-Armenia}} – for anonymous works or pseudonymous works 70 years after creation, other works 70 years after the death of the (last-surviving) author, "expressions of traditional folklore and art" or "political speeches, speeches delivered in the court," or "official documents, legal acts, treaties and the official translations thereof, state emblems and signs (flags, coats of arms, medals, monetary signs)."
  • {{PD-AM-exempt}} – for works of folklore; communications on daily news or on current events that are press information; official documents (laws, decisions, decrees, etc.) as well as their official translations; state emblems and signs (flags, coats of arm (armorial bearings), medals (decorations), monetary signs, etc.); results obtained by technical means without the intervention of human creative activity.
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COM:TAG Austria

Austria

  • {{PD-AustrianGov}} – for parts of laws, ordinances or official decrees issued by an Austrian federal or state authority and for works of those authorities intended predominantly for official use.
  • {{PD-Austria-1932}} – for photographic works published before 1932, or created before 1932 and not published for 20 years thereafter.
  • {{PD-StVZVO}} – for road signs published in ordinances or other regulations.
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COM:TAG Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan

  • {{PD-AZ-exempt}} – for official documents (laws, court decisions, other texts of legislative, administrative or judicial character) and official translations thereof; State emblems and official signs (flags, armorial bearings, decorations, monetary signs and other State symbols and official signs); works of folklore, which have no signs of Article 5 of this law; communications concerning events and facts that have informational character.
  • {{President.az}} – The permission letter from the Press Secretary for the President of Azerbaijan is available here:
The are no restrictions on the full or partial use of textual, photographic, video and audio material featured on the official website of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan by the media outlets, internet resources and information carriers. This also applies to television channels, radio stations, newspapers, magazines, scientific publications and encyclopedias (including online encyclopedias).
Photographs are released under the conditions of the GFDL license which allows copying, distribution, reproduction and performance of a work, and creation of derivative works under the condition that the work is marked in a way stated by the Licensor and under the condition that the same license applies to all derivative works. Photographs are property of the Press Service of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Please mark the photographs used as "Archive of the Press Service of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan - www.president.az".
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COM:TAG Belarus

Belarus

  • {{PD-BY-exempt}} – for formal documents (laws, judgements, other texts of legal, administrative and judicial nature), and also their official translations; state symbols and signs (flag, coat of arms, anthem, awards, banknotes and other signs); works of folk arts, authors of which are not known.
  • {{PD-Belarus}} – for works 50 years after the author's (or last-surviving co-author) death or 50 years after the first legal publication of the work published under pseudonym or anonymously.
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COM:TAG Belgium

Belgium

  • {{PD-BH-exempt}} – for works exempt from copyright under Bosnia and Herzegovina law (“ideas, plans, …, official texts, …, professional reports, …” – see license template for details)
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COM:TAG Bulgaria

Bulgaria

  • {{PD-BG-exempt}} – for works exempt from copyright under Bulgaria law.
  • {{PD-BulgarianGov}} – for government works exempt from copyright under Bulgaria law.
  • {{PD-BGMFA}} — for works published on the website of the Bulgarian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
  • {{President.bg}} — for works published on the website of the Administration of the President of the Republic of Bulgaria.
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COM:TAG Croatia

Croatia

  • {{PD-Croatia-exempt}} – for works exempt from copyright under the Croatian law.
  • {{PD-Croatia}} – for works whose author died before 1949 or published before 1949 if anonymous (public domain prior to introduction of the new law in 1999).
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COM:TAG Cyprus

Cyprus

No information available

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COM:TAG Česko

Czech Republic

No information available

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COM:TAG Denmark

Denmark

  • {{PD-Denmark}} – for "photographic works of art" in the public domain according to Danish law.
  • {{PD-Denmark50}} – for "photographic images not considered to display artistic merit or originality" that were created before 1 January 1970.
  • {{PD-DenmarkGov}} – for "acts, administrative orders, legal decisions and similar official documents," but not "works appearing as independent contributions in the [aforementioned] documents."
  • {{DGA map}} – for media in either full extent or partially based in Danish Geodata Agency open public geographic data. This tag does not preclude use of other copyright tags.
  • {{Statistics Denmark}} – for media in either full extent or partially based on information from Statistics Denmark. This tag does not preclude use of other copyright tags.
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COM:TAG Estonia

Estonia

  • {{PD-EE-exempt}} – copyright does not apply to works of folklore, legislation and administrative documents, court decisions and official translations thereof; official symbols of the state and insignia of organizations. Freedom of panorama in Estonia is restricted to non-commercial uses only, or to overview photos.
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COM:TAG Finland

Finland

  • {{PD-Finland50}} – for photographic images in the public domain according to Finnish law.
  • {{PD-Finland}} – for photographic works and other art works in the public domain according to Finnish law. Same as {{PD-old-70}} for Finnish works.
  • {{PD-FinlandGov}} – for laws, statements and decisions of Finnish officials.
  • {{PD-Coa-Finland}} – for Finnish coats of arms of municipalities, districts or administrative or historical provinces.
  • {{PD-FinlandStamp}} – for postage stamps published before January 1, 1990.
  • {{PD-Kansallisarkisto}} – for archives material from the digital database of Finnish National Archives Service
  • {{PD-Raita}} – for records from the Raita database.[1]
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COM:TAG France

France

  • {{PD-France}} – Public domain because the author(s) died more than 70 years ago and did not benefit from any copyright extension, or it is an anonymous, pseudonymous or collective work and more than 70 years have passed since its publication, or it is the recording of an audiovisual or musical work already in the public domain, and more than 50 years have passed since the performance or the recording.
  • {{PD-Archivesnormandie}} – for pictures from the site Archives Normandie 1939-45. Pictures credited to the National Archives USA or the National Archives Canada and tagged "libres de droits" are in the public domain.
  • {{PD-BnFMandragorePic}} – for digitized version of old images from the Mandragore database at the Bibliothèque Nationale de France.[2]
  • {{PD-GallicaScan}} – for digitized version of old books from the gallica.bnf.fr library at the Bibliothèque Nationale de France
  • {{PD-JORF}} – for French official legal texts as published in the Journal officiel de la République Française or reprinted on Légifrance; note: not all texts on Légifrance are out-of-copyright, many others are copyrighted under free licenses, and sometimes under unfree licenses).
  • {{PD-JORF-nor-conso}} – with NOR (identification number) and index of the updated text.
  • {{PD-ID-France}} – Ineligible for copyright and therefore in the public domain because it is a legally valid French identity photograph.
  • {{Licence Ouverte}} — For documents issued under the Licence Ouverte (for example from http://data.gouv.fr).
  • {{Gouvernement.fr}} — For extracts from a video, text or infographic issued on the French government's site internet.

No information available

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COM:TAG Germany

Germany

  • {{PD-GermanGov}} – for public domain images from German statutes or other regulations.
  • {{PD-BW}} – for publicly available service regulations ("Zentrale Dienstvorschrift") of the German Armed Forces (Bundeswehr).
  • {{PD-Coa-Germany}} – for German coats of arms of corporations governed by public law that are in the public domain according to German law because they are official works (§&5 Abs.1 UrhG).
  • {{PD-Flag-Germany}} – for German flags of corporations governed by public law that are in the public domain according to German law because they are official works (§5 Abs.1 UrhG).
  • {{PD-Seal-Germany}} – for German seals of corporations governed by public law that are in the public domain according to German law because they are official works (§5 Abs.1 UrhG).
  • {{PD-VzKat}} – for road signs published as statutes or other regulations.
  • {{PD-German stamps}} – for current German stamps.
  • {{PD-Deutsche Bundespost stamps}} – for German stamps released as Deutsche Bundespost.
  • {{PD-GDR stamps}} – for German stamps released as Deutsche Post der DDR.
  • {{PD-Meyers}} – for images from the 4th edition of Meyers Konversationslexikon (1885–90).
  • {{PD-Germany-§134}} – for literary works, works of music and scientific or technical images published by a legal entity under public law more than 70 years ago that do not mention the author.
  • {{PD-Germany-§134-KUG}} – for photographs and works of art published by a legal entity under public law more than 70 years ago that do not mention the author.
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COM:TAG Greece

Greece

  • {{PD-GreekGov}} – for images which are part of official legislative, administrative or judicial documents issued by the Greek Government.
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COM:TAG Hungary

Hungary

  • {{PD-Hungary}} – for works when a work public domain is in Hungary
  • {{PD-HU-exempt}} – for works not eligible for copyright in Hungary.
  • {{PD-Coa-Hungary}} – for official coats of arms of Hungarian cities.
  • {{PD-redsludge-hu}} – by photos taken by a staff photographer of the Hungarian Government and is part of the Ajka red sludge accident photo series
  • {{PD-HU-unknown}} – for works if the person of the author is unknown
  • {{PD-user-hu|username}} – for works released into the public domain by their creators when the creators are Hungarian Wikipedia users.
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COM:TAG Iceland

Iceland

No information available

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COM:TAG Ireland - Éire

Ireland

No information available

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COM:TAG Italy

Italy

  • {{PD-Italy}} – for simple (non-artistic) photographs originating in Italy for which the copyright has expired.
  • {{PD-Italy-audio}} – for audio recording both created and published in Italy at least fifty years ago, of a work which is itself in the public domain.
  • For works where the author died at least seventy years ago, {{PD-old}} applies.
  • For anonymous or pseudonymous works published at least 70 years ago, use {{Anonymous-EU}}.
  • {{PD-Italy-EdictGov}} – for most edicts of the Italian government.
  • {{PD-ItalyGov}} – for works published by the Italian administration or by Italian nonprofit organisations.
  • {{Italy-CAD-OBD}} - for works published by any Italian administration without an explicit license.
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COM:TAG Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan

  • {{PD-KZ-exempt}} – for official documents (laws, court decisions and other texts of a legislative, administrative, judicial or diplomatic nature) together with official translations thereof, state emblems and official signs (flags, armorial bearings, decorations, monetary signs and other State symbols and official signs), works of folklore, communications concerning events and facts that have an informational character.
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COM:TAG Latvia

Latvia

  • {{PD-LV-exempt}} – for official Latvian State symbols and insignia (flags, coats-of-arms, anthems, and other State symbols and insignia).
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COM:TAG Liechtenstein

Liechtenstein

No information available

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COM:TAG Lithuania

Lithuania

  • {{PD-LT-exempt}} – for official Lithuanian State symbols and insignia (flags, coats-of-arms, anthems, banknote designs, and other State symbols and insignia).
  • {{PD-old-70}} – for works where the author died more than 70 years ago
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COM:TAG Luxembourg

Luxembourg

No information available

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COM:TAG Malta

Malta

No information available

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COM:TAG Moldova

Moldova

  • {{PD-MD-exempt}} – for official documents (laws, court decisions, etc.) or to the official translations thereof, state emblems and official signs (flags, armorial bearings, decorations, monetary signs, etc.), folklore expressions, daily news and facts of simple informational nature.
  • {{PD-Moldova}} – Moldovan or Soviet work first published in USSR or Moldova and in the public domain because its copyright has expired: photographic or cinematographic work and fifty years have passed since the year of its production, or another type of work and fifty years have passed since the year of the creator's death.
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COM:TAG Monaco

Monaco

No information available

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COM:TAG Montenegro

Montenegro

  • {{PD-MNEGov}} – for public domain Montenegro official works
  • {{PD-SCGGov}} – for public domain Serbian-Montenegro official works, state symbols, stamps, money etc.
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COM:TAG Netherlands

Netherlands

  • {{PD-NL-gemeentewapen}} – for coats of arms of (no longer existing) municipalities, provinces and the country itself
  • {{PD-NL-gemeentevlag}} – for flags of (no longer existing) municipalities, provinces and the country itself
  • {{PD-NL-Gov}} (deprecated) – for all works communicated to the public by or on behalf of the public authorities (government), unless the copyright has been reserved explicitly, either in a general manner by law, decree or ordinance, or in a specific case by a notice on the work itself or at the communication to the public
a) works of folk literature and folk art
b) author died more than 70 years ago
c) anonymous and pseudonymous works published more than 70 years ago, and
d) audiovisual or collective work published more than 70 years ago.
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COM:TAG Norway

Norway

  • {{PD-Statens vegvesen}} – for Norwegian road signs from the website of the Norwegian Public Roads Administration (Statens vegvesen)[3]
  • {{PD-Norway50}} – Norwegian photos not considered to be "works of art" 50 years after they were created, provided that the author died more than 15 years ago or is unknown
  • {{PD-Norway70}} – Images considered to be "works of art" become public domain 70 years after the author's death or publication if the author is unknown.
  • {{Norwegian coat of arms}} – Norwegian coats of arms
  • {{Kirkeinfo}} – photos from the media database of the Church of Norway.[4]
  • {{PD-NorwayGov}} – part of a decision or a statement by an authority or a public body of Norway
  • {{Met.no}} – images without a byline from the Norwegian Meteorological Institute
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COM:TAG Poland

Poland

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COM:TAG Portugal

Portugal

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COM:TAG Romania

Romania

  • {{PD-RO-exempt}} – for: (a) the ideas, theories, concepts, scientific discoveries, procedures, working methods, or mathematical concepts as such and inventions, contained in a work, whatever the manner of the adoption, writing, explanation or expression thereof; (b) official texts of a political, legislative, administrative or judicial nature, and official translations thereof; (c) official symbols of the State, public authorities and organizations, such as armorial bearings, seals, flags, emblems, shields, badges and medals; (d) means of payment; (e) news and press information; (f) simple facts and data; (g) the photographs of letters, deeds, documents of any kind, technical drawings and other similar papers.
  • {{PD-RO-photo}} – for: (a) photographs series taken before 1986; (b) photographs taken before 1991.
  • {{PD-RO-1956}} – for: (a) encyclopedias, dictionaries, corpora issued before 1976; (b) artistic photographs series taken before 1986; (c) artistic photographs taken before 1991.
  • {{PD-Romania}} – for: works which have expired in Romania prior to 1996 (usually prior to 1946) under the terms specified in the 1956 law
  • {{PD-user-ro|username}} – for works released into the public domain by their creators when the creators are Romanian Wikipedia users.
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COM:TAG Russia

Russia

Since January 1, 2008, intellectual property rights are regulated by Russian law 230-FL of 2006: Part IV of the Civil Code, together with the Russian law 231-FL of 2006: Implementation act for Part IV of the Civil Code. This new law replaced all previous IP laws in Russia.

  • In general, {{PD-old-70}}/{{PD-old-100}} applies.
  • {{PD-Russia}} for some intricate special cases in which works of authors who died less than 70 years ago are Public Domain. Roughly, these special cases apply only to authors who died before the end of 1942.
  • {{PD-RusEmpire}} for works that was published on territory of the Russian Empire (Russian Republic) except for territories of the Grand Duchy of Finland and Congress Poland before 7 November 1917 and wasn't re-published for 30 days following initial publications on the territory of Soviet Russia or any other states.
  • {{PD-Russia-1996}} - This work is in the public domain in Russia because:
    • The author died before January 1, 1942.
    • The author died between January 1, 1942 and January 1, 1946, did not work during the Great Patriotic War (Eastern Front of World War II) and did not participate in it.
    • The work was originally published anonymously or under a pseudonym before January 1, 1943 and the name of the author did not become known during 50 years after publication.
    • The work was originally published anonymously or under a pseudonym between January 1, 1943 and January 1, 1946, and the name of the author did not become known during 70 years after publication.
    • The work is non-amateur cinema or television film (or shot, or fragment from it), which was first shown between January 1, 1929 and January 1, 1946.
  • {{PD-RU-exempt}} for State emblems and official signs (flags, armorial bearings, decorations, monetary signs and other State symbols and official signs) of Russian Federation
  • {{PD-Brockhaus&Efron}} – for images from the Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary (1890–1907)

For works first published not only in the RSFSR but in one of the other SSRs too, or simultaneously in various republics of Soviet Union, see the corresponding successor state of the Soviet Union. For instance, for a Soviet work first published in the Ukrainian SSR, see the entry Commons:Copyright rules by territory/Ukraine:Copyright tags. ({{PD-Ukraine}}, in this case.)

Creative Commons tagsEdit

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COM:TAG San Marino

San Marino

No information available

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COM:TAG Serbia

Serbia

  • {{PD-SerbiaGov}} – for public domain Serbian official works, state symbols, stamps, money etc.
  • {{PD-Serbia}} – for works whose author died before 1954 or published before 1954 if anonymous (public domain prior to introduction of the new law in 2004)
  • {{PD-SCGGov}} – for public domain Serbian-Montenegro official works, state symbols, stamps, money etc.
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COM:TAG Slovakia

Slovakia

  • {{PD-SlovakGov}} – for public domain Slovak official works, public documents, etc.
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COM:TAG Slovenia

Slovenia

  • {{PD-Slovenia}} – for works whose author died before 1945 or published before 1945 if anonymous (public domain prior to introduction of the new law in 1995).
  • {{PD-Slovenia-exempt}} – for non-protected creations in Slovenia (ideas, principles, discoveries; official legislative, administrative and judicial texts; folk literary and artistic creations.)
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COM:TAG Spain

Spain

  • {{PD-SpanishGov}} – for works by the Spanish government
  • {{PD-SpanishGov-money}} - for images of the former Spanish pesetas currency
  • {{PD-La Moncloa}} – for content from www.lamoncloa.gob.es which was selected or coordinated by the Secretary of State for Communications (only valid for images uploaded before 26 November 2012)
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COM:TAG Sweden

Sweden

  • {{PD-Sweden-photo}} – for public domain images taken by Swedish photographers before 1944
    • more specific: {{PD-Sweden-1969}} – for public domain photographic images, not photographic work, of Swedish origin taken before 1969
  • {{PD-Transportstyrelsen}} – for Swedish road signs from the website of the Swedish Transport Agency.[5]
  • {{PD-Ugglan}} – for images from the 2nd edition of Nordisk familjebok (Sweden, 1904–1926)
  • {{PD-Nordens Flora}} – for images from Nordens Flora (Sweden, Author: C. A. M. Lindman, 1917–1926).
  • {{PD-SFJ}} – for images from Svenska Familj-Journalen (1864–1887)
  • {{PD-Sjöfartsverket}} – for Swedish maritime fairway sign produced by the Swedish Maritime Administration.[6]
  • {{PD-Sweden-URL9}} – for reproductions of law, decision, or report issued by a Swedish public authority (svensk myndighet) or an official translation of such a text.
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COM:TAG Switzerland

Switzerland

  • {{PD-Switzerland-official}} – for Swiss official documents, currency or patents. See template for details.
    • {{PD-Coa-Switzerland}} – for coat of arms of a Swiss Körperschaft des öffentlichen Rechts (corporation governed by public law).
  • {{PD-Switzerland-photo}} – for photographs first published in Switzerland that do not have the individual character that is required by law for copyright protection. See template for details, but use this only in obvious cases, as reasonable people can disagree about the individuality of a picture.

In Switzerland copyright protection expires 70 years after the death of the author with the exception of computer programs, the protection of which ends 50 years after the death of the author.

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COM:TAG Turkey

Turkey

  • {{PD-Turkey}} for works whose author died more than 70 years ago, and anonymous works published more than 70 years ago.
  • {{PD-TR-currency}} for images of Turkish currency.
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COM:TAG Ukraine

Ukraine

  • {{PD-Ukraine}} is in effect towards works first published before January 1, 1951, and the creator (if known) died before that date). This is the effect of the retroactive Ukrainian copyright law of 1993 and the copyright from 50 to 70 years in 2001.). The final conclusion is #.4 in Chapter VI Ukrainian Copyright Law:

#.4. It shall be established that as from the day on which this Law enters into force, the terms of copyright protection, stipulated in Article 28 of this Law and parts 1 and 2 of Article 44 of this Law, shall apply in all cases where the 50-year period of copyright validity after the author's death or the period of validity of related rights has not expired prior to the date of entry into force of this Law.

A Ukrainian or Soviet work that is in the public domain in Ukraine according to this rule is in the public domain in the U.S. only if it was in the public domain in Ukraine in 1995, e.g. if it was published before 1945 and the creator died before that year, and no copyright was registered in the U.S. This is the combined effect of the retroactive Ukrainian copyright law, Ukraine's joining the Berne Convention in 1995, and of 17 USC 104A with its critical date of January 1, 1996.[7]

  • {{PD-UA-exempt}} for daily news or details of current events that constitute regular press information; works of folk art (folklore); official documents of a political, legislative or administrative nature (laws, decrees, resolutions, court awards, State standards, etc.) issued by government authorities within their powers, and official translations thereof; State symbols of Ukraine, government awards; symbols and signs of government authorities, the Armed Forces of Ukraine and other military formations; symbols of territorial communities; symbols and signs of enterprises, institutions and organizations; bank notes; transport schedules, TV and radio broadcast schedules, telephone directories and other similar databases that do not meet the originality criteria and to which the sui generis right (a particular or special right) is applicable.
  • {{PD-Ukraine-stamp}} for postal stamps.
  • {{PD-UAGovDoc}} for official documents of a political, legislative or administrative nature (laws, decrees, resolutions, court awards, State standards, etc.) issued by government authorities within their powers, and official translations thereof.
  • {{PD-UAGov-Money}} for unit of currencies issued by Ukraine.
  • {{PD-UAGov-Award}} for representation of an civil award or decoration of the government of Ukraine.
  • {{PD-UAexMilitary}} for works of a Ukrainian military or Ministry of Defense if it is symbol or sign of government authorities, the Armed Forces of Ukraine and other military formations.

The following are copyright tags/ templates for UK works. If you are uploading a UK-based work to Commons, please find the corresponding tag and add it to the licensing information for the item you are uploading (copy and paste, if you like). When you then save the file, these tags will expand to produce and appropriate text for that kind of license.

  • {{PD-UK-unknown}} – this applies for old UK images of unknown authorship where copyright has expired
    • {{PD-Britannica}} – for images from the 12th edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica or earlier.
  • {{PD-UKGov}} – this one is for UK Crown copyright images where copyright has expired (typically works created prior to 1969)
    • {{OldOS}} – this tag is for Ordnance Survey maps published in the UK over 50 years ago.
    • {{OS OpenData}} – this tag is for Ordnance Survey maps published in the UK.

The UK's Open Government Licence (OGL) (view in English or Welsh) is a simple set of terms and conditions that facilitates the re-use of a wide range of public sector information free of charge. Since 2010, almost all information owned by the UK Crown is offered for use and re-use under the Open Government Licence.

The Open Parliament License (OPL) facilitates the free use of material made available by the House of Commons or the House of Lords in which copyright or database right subsists. Almost all material produced by Parliament and its committees is governed by the Open Parliament License.

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COM:TAG Vatican City

Vatican City

No information available

Specific statusEdit

No information available

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COM:TAG Faroe Islands

Faroe Islands

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COM:TAG Gibraltar

Gibraltar

No information available

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COM:TAG Guernsey

Guernsey

No information available

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COM:TAG Isle of Man

Isle of Man

No information available

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COM:TAG Jersey

Jersey

No information available

Limited recognitionEdit

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COM:TAG Abkhazia

Abkhazia

  • {{PD-AB-exempt}} for works that are not objects of copyright.
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COM:TAG Republic of Artsakh

Artsakh

Commons:Copyright rules by territory/Republic of Artsakh

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COM:TAG Kosovo

Kosovo

  • {{PD-KosovoGov}} – for public domain Kosovar official works, state symbols, stamps, money etc.
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COM:TAG South Ossetia

South Ossetia

No information available

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COM:TAG Transnistria

Transnistria

No information available

No information available

partly located in EuropeEdit

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  6. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Sjöfartsverket
  7. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named USGov104a