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This template is used in the |source= parameter of the {{Information}} template to render the words "own work based on:" in the language specified in the user's preferences. Note that the work(s) specified must already exist on Commons— this template cannot be used to specify a work located elsewhere or to provide a citation to such a work.


{{Own based |1= }}

Or use the shorthand ownb

Any namespace declaration (e.g. File:, Image:) is ignored. Only items from the FILE namespace on Commons can be used.
Parameters starting with "[" or "{" are used as-they-are; this allows to specify also files outside of Commons.

Template parameters

1Name of the (first) file 0 (see also the note)emptyoptional
2Name of a second file 0 (the value "+" at this position is ignored)emptyoptional
3Name of a third fileemptyoptional
byName of a user: by {{By}} used as argument for template {{U}}

except when it starts with "&", "<", "[" or "{", then it will be used as-it-is

e.g. {{Ut}}, {{Uw}} or other user name templates, or &nbsp;
or b1/b2/b3
Name of the user who created File1 / File2 / File3
same treatment as by above (for the new line option. see the note)
llanguage code (ISO 639), if the file is in another Wikipedia; e.g. l=enemptyoptional
display or dldisplay size in px: example Own work based on: Example.jpgExample.jpgemptyoptional
dsyopt or ooption for display (see Template:F); more examples at Derivative versions.emptyoptional

Additional information

The template is intended to be used in the following namespaces: the File namespace

The template is intended to be used by the following user groups: all users

Placement: In the "Source" parameter of the {{Information}} template (or the respective parameter of similar templates) or just below this template


{{Own based|Example.jpg|by=example}}

renders as:

Own work based on: Example.jpg by example.

See also


When the file name of the first file is the same it will be enough just to specify the file type by e.g.

  • .png (or short: .p or shorter: .)
  • .jpg (or short: .j)
  • .gif (or short: .g)
  • .svg (or short: .s)
  • .pdf (or any other extension - case sensitive)

Example: {{ Own based.j }}. This option will work only for the first file!
If a file name starts with a dot, the form [[:File:.Xyz.jpeg|Orig]] can be used to avoid conflicts.


Parameter by displays a user name after the file[s] display.
If parameter[s] by1 or b1 [by2/b2, by3/b3] is[are] used, each such user name is displayed immediately after that file;
when parameter b1 is used (with or without a value), each file is displayed at a new line.

{{Own based|Example.svg|by1=Example}}
renders as:
Own work based on: Example.svg by example

{{Own based|Example.jpg|b1=Example}}
renders as:
Own work based on:

{{Own based|Example.jpg|Example.svg|Example.gif|b1=example|b3=username}}
renders as:
Own work based on:


This template is localized by utilizing MediaWiki namespace messages. These can be translated at (current translations).