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Joined 7 July 2011


Aetheling1125 has a strong academic interest in dark-age and early medieval British history. Other areas of interest include heraldry, vexillology, genealogy, monarchies and current affairs.

Contributions by the author to WikipediaEdit

I have written or founded the following pages;

Welsh Royal Standards & BannersEdit

These devices were "back engineered" from private and civic coats of arms. Since I first published these on wikipedia these images have been re-worked by wikipedians endowed with greater graphic skills and uploaded anew.

Flag Date Use Description
100px 1401 - 1416 Banner adopted by Owain Glyndŵr and thought to be derived from the counter-charged arms of the princely Houses of Mathrafal and Dinefwr. It is currently in use by the National Eisteddfod for Wales, Cymdeithas yr iaith and widely amongst independentist groups Quarterly Or and Gules, four Lions rampant counter-charged
  c.1195 - 1378 Banner of the princely House of Aberffraw and the Kingdom of Gwynedd famously used by Llywelyn the Great, Llywelyn the Last and Owain Lawgoch. The English Prince of Wales uses a version of this flag today emblazoned with a Crown on a green shield Quarterly Or and Gules, four Lions passant guardant counter-charged langued and armed Azur
70px c.1100 - c.1400 Banner of the princely House of Mathrafal used during the early Middle Ages by the rulers of Powys, Powys Wenwynwyn and later by their heirs the de la Pole (Powysian) dynasty. Modern use is rare Or a Lion rampant Gules langued and armed Azur
  c.1100 - c.1300 Banner of the princely House of Dinefwr and the Kingdom of Deheubarth, a realm which covered much of south Wales. The banner would have been used during the early Middle Ages and later by the Talbot dynasty who inherited the arms. Modern use is rare Gules a Lion rampant Or, a border engrailed of the last
100px c.1240 - 1282 Banner of the personal arms of Llywelyn ap Gruffudd Argent three Lions passant Gules
100px c.1160 - c.1350 Banner of Madog ap Gruffudd Maelor, and later the Banner of Powys Fadog Argent a Lion rampant Sable langued and armed Gules
100px 1400? - 1416? Banner known as Y Ddraig Aur or "The Golden Dragon" which has ancient origins. It was famously raised over Caernarvon in 1400 by Owain Glyndwr prior to the storming of the town and seizing of the castle Argent a dragon rampant Or

A series of maps to illustrate the administrative sub-divisions of pre-conquest Gwynedd and Wales

File:Gwynedd General Map.jpg
Principal administrative divisions of medieval Gwynedd (traditional territorial extent)
File:Gwynedd 1247 Map.jpg
Division of Gwynedd in 1247 following the succession of the brothers Owain (whose lands are shown in dark green) and Llywelyn (light green) ap Gruffudd. The Commote of Cymydmaen (gold) was granted to Dafydd ap Gruffudd by Owain when he reached majority in 1252 (Source: J. Beverley Smith)
Principality of Wales c.1267 - 1277 made up of the lands ruled directly by Llywelyn (shown in green) and the lands of his vassals (shown in blue). Source: J. Beverley Smith
File:Gwynedd 1277 Map.jpg
The division of Gwynedd following the Treaty of Aberconwy in 1277. Llywelyn continued to rule west of the River Conwy (indicated in green). The Perfeddwlad east of the Conwy was divided between Dafydd ap Gruffudd (shown in gold) and areas ceded forever to the English Crown (shown in red).

Collaborative contributions to the following pages (among many others);