Commons:Copyright rules by territory/Vatican state
Copyright rules: the Vatican City State
Shortcut: COM:Vatican state
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This page provides an overview of copyright rules of the Vatican City State relevant to uploading works into Wikimedia Commons. Note that any work originating in the Vatican state must be in the public domain, or available under a free license, in both the Vatican state and the United States before it can be uploaded to Wikimedia Commons. If there is any doubt about the copyright status of a work from the Vatican state, refer to the relevant laws for clarification.
The current copyright law of the Vatican State was enacted 19 March 2011. The vaticanstate.va website holds the text of the law in Italian. Vatican law supplements the Italian Copyright Act (l. 633, 6 April 1941), which applies in the territory of the Holy See (generally, 70 years after the author's death).
The main points of the Papal copyright:
- Exclusive right on the use of the Pope’s image and voice for purposes other than religious, cultural and educational (art. 3)
- Exclusive right on “purely documentary” reproductions of cultural heritage for 70 years from the fixation (art. 4)
- The Holy See owns all copyrights in the works published under its name or created on its commission (art. 5).
Freedom of panorama
See also: Commons:Freedom of panorama
Not OK Under Law N. XII on Copyright of January 12, 1960, the Vatican decreed that unless church law says otherwise, the precepts of Italian copyright law apply in Vatican City. Italy does not allow for freedom of panorama. Thus, sculptures and other works, including buildings, are not ok until 70 years after the death of the architect or designer. The Vatican's publishing house, Libreria Editrice Vaticana, also claims perpetual copyright on the writings of Pope John Paul II and Pope Benedict XVI.
- Legge sulla protezione del diritto di autore sulle opere dell'ingegno e dei diritti connessi (in Italian) (19 March 2011). Retrieved on 2019-03-29.
- Vatican shoots back in copyright dispute for Pope's works January 26, 2006. Catholic Culture. Retrieved on 2019-03-29.