Commons:各地著作权法规/爱沙尼亚

This page is a translated version of a page Commons:Copyright rules by territory/Estonia and the translation is 59% complete. Changes to the translation template, respectively the source language can be submitted through Commons:Copyright rules by territory/Estonia and have to be approved by a translation administrator.
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This page provides an overview of copyright rules of Estonia relevant to uploading works into Wikimedia Commons. Note that any work originating in Estonia must be in the public domain, or available under a free license, in both Estonia and the United States before it can be uploaded to Wikimedia Commons. If there is any doubt about the copyright status of a work from Estonia, refer to the relevant laws for clarification.

背景

Estonia declared independence from Russia on 24 February 1918.

  • In 1940, the country was annexed and occupied by the Soviet Union, which "incorporated" into the USSR as the Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic on 21 July 1940.
  • Estonia was occupied by Germany between 1941 and 1944.
  • For a few days after the German forces left, Estonia was free.
  • The country was then reoccupied by the Soviet Union until 1991. The Soviet occupation was not recognised by the United States and a number of other Western countries.

Estonia restored its independence on 20 August 1991.

Estonia has been a member of the Berne Convention since 26 October 1994, the World Trade Organization since 13 November 1999 and the WIPO Copyright Treaty since 14 March 2010.[1]

As of 2018, the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), an agency of the United Nations, listed the Copyright Act of 11 November 1992 (consolidated text of February 1, 2017) as the main copyright law enacted by the legislature of Estonia.[1] WIPO holds the text of this law in their WIPO Lex database.[2] The Estonian Ministry of Justice provides the current consolidated text in Estonian.[3] They also provide a consolidated English translation.[4]

一般规则

Under the Copyright Act of 11 November 1992 (consolidated text of February 1, 2017),

  • The term of protection of copyright is the life of the author and 70 years after his or her death except in the cases prescribed in §§39–42 of this Act.[1992/2017 §38(1)]
  • The term of protection of copyright in a work created by two or more persons as a result of their joint creative activity is the life of the last surviving author and 70 years after his or her death.[1992/2017 §39]
  • In the case of anonymous or pseudonymous works where the author does not become known, the term of protection of copyright shall run for 70 years after the work is lawfully made available to the public.[1992/2017 §40]
  • The term of protection of copyright in a collective work or work created in the execution of duties runs for 70 years after the work is lawfully made available to the public.[1992/2017 §41(1)]
  • The term of protection of copyright in an audiovisual work expires 70 years after the death of the last surviving author (director, script writer, author of dialogue, author of a musical work specifically created for use in the audiovisual work).[1992/2017 §41(1.1)]
  • If a collective work, work created in the execution of duties or audiovisual work is not made available to the public 50 years after creation, the term of protection of copyright expires 70 years after the creation of the work.[1992/2017 §41(2)]

The above terms begin on 1 January of the year following the year of the death of the author, year when the work was lawfully made available to the public or year of creation of the work, as applicable.[1992/2017 §43]

集体作品

A collective work is a work which consists of contributions of different authors which are united into an integral whole by a natural or a legal person on the initiative and under the management of this person and which is published under the name of this natural or legal person (works of reference, collections of scientific works, newspapers, journals and other periodicals or serials, etc.).[1992/2017 §31(1)] Copyright in a collective work shall belong to the person on whose initiative and under whose management the work was created and under whose name it was published unless otherwise prescribed by contract.[1992/2017 §31(2)] The authors of the works included in a collective work (contributions) shall enjoy copyright in their works and they may use their works independently unless otherwise determined by contract. Authors of contributions are not deemed to be joint authors or co-authors.[1992/2017 §31(3)]

不适用于版权的作品

Under the Copyright Act of 11 November 1992 (consolidated text of February 1, 2017), copyright does not apply to ideas, images, notions, theories, processes, systems, methods, concepts, principles, discoveries, inventions, and other results of intellectual activities which are described, explained or expressed in any other manner in a work; works of folklore; legislation and administrative documents (acts, decrees, regulations, statutes, instructions, directives) and official translations thereof; court decisions and official translations thereof; official symbols of the state and insignia of organisations (flags, coats of arms, orders, medals, badges, etc.); news of the day; facts and data; ideas and principles which underlie any element of a computer program, including those which underlie its user interfaces.[1992/2017 §5]

版权标签

快捷方式
COM:TAG Estonia

参见:共享資源:著作權標籤

  • {{PD-EE-exempt}} – copyright does not apply to works of folklore, legislation and administrative documents, court decisions and official translations thereof; official symbols of the state and insignia of organizations. Freedom of panorama in Estonia is restricted to non-commercial uses only, or to overview photos.

全景自由

参见:共享资源:全景自由

  不可以, only non-commercial use allowed if the work is the main subject {{FoP-Estonia}}

Under the Copyright Act of 11 November 1992 (consolidated text of February 1, 2017): It is permitted to reproduce works of architecture, works of visual art, works of applied art or photographic works which are permanently located in places open to the public, without the authorisation of the author and without payment of remuneration, by any means except for mechanical contact copying, and to communicate such reproductions of works to the public except if the work is the main subject of the reproduction and it is intended to be used for direct commercial purposes. If the work specified in this section carries the name of its author, it shall be indicated in communicating the reproduction to the public.[1992/2017 §20]

货币

参见:共享资源:货币

Estonian currency was removed from the public domain in 2000.[5] However, Bank of Estonia (Eesti Pank), which holds the copyright to the design of the currency, has allowed reproduction under certain terms:

  • Banknotes: As long as reproductions in advertising or illustrations cannot be mistaken for genuine banknotes they can be used without prior authorisation of the Bank of Estonia. Same kind of restrictions apply to reproductions of Estonian kroon banknotes as do to euro banknotes.[6]
  • Coins: Reproduction in a non-relief (drawings, paintings, films) format is authorised, provided they are not detrimental to the image of the Estonian kroon.

Please use {{EEK banknote}} or {{EEK coin}} for Estonian currency images.

参见

引用

  1. a b Estonia Copyright and Related Rights (Neighboring Rights). WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization (2018). Retrieved on 2018-11-11.
  2. Copyright Act (consolidated text of February 1, 2017). Estonia (2017). Retrieved on 2018-11-11.
  3. Autoriõiguse seadus (in Estonian). Justiitsministeerium. Retrieved on 2019-02-10.
  4. Copyright Act. Ministry of Justice. Retrieved on 2019-02-10.
  5. Autoriõiguse seaduse muutmise seadus (Copyright Act Amendment Act) (in Estonian) (27 September 2000).
  6. Copy of e-mail was forwarded to permissions-commons@wikimedia.org on 14 July 2008. (ticket:2008071410045309)
注意:上述描述可能不准确,不完整或过时,因此必须谨慎对待。在您上传文件至维基共享资源前,您应当确保其可以自由使用。 参见:共享资源:免责声明