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English: Welcome to the Commons, RJaguar3!
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Our first steps help file and our FAQ will help you a lot after registration. They explain how to customize the interface (for example the language), how to upload files and our basic licensing policy. You don't need technical skills in order to contribute here. Be bold contributing here and assume good faith for the intentions of others. This is a wiki ‒ it is really easy.

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Tip: Categorizing imagesEdit

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Hello, RJaguar3!

Thanks a lot for contributing to the Wikimedia Commons! Here's a tip to make your uploads more useful: Why not add some categories to describe them? This will help more people to find and use them.

Here's how:

1) If you're using the UploadWizard, you can add categories to each file when you describe it. Just click "more options" for the file and add the categories which make sense:

2) You can also pick the file from your list of uploads, edit the file description page, and manually add the category code at the end of the page.

[[Category:Category name]]

For example, if you are uploading a diagram showing the orbits of comets, you add the following code:

[[Category:Astronomical diagrams]]

This will make the diagram show up in the categories "Astronomical diagrams" and "Comets".

When picking categories, try to choose a specific category ("Astronomical diagrams") over a generic one ("Illustrations").

Thanks again for your uploads! More information about categorization can be found in Commons:Categories, and don't hesitate to leave a note on the help desk.

CategorizationBot (talk) 11:43, 27 August 2010 (UTC)


Hi! I just read your message about the USPS not counting as the federal government in terms of PD images. May I see some more information about this? WhisperToMe (talk) 00:50, 30 September 2012 (UTC)

17 USC 105 states: "Copyright protection under this title is not available for any work of the United States Government, but the United States Government is not precluded from receiving and holding copyrights transferred to it by assignment, bequest, or otherwise."
17 USC 101 defines "work of the United States Government" as "a work prepared by an officer or employee of the United States Government as part of that person’s official duties."
Compendium II: Copyright Office Practices 206.02(b) states "Works of the U.S. Postal Service, as now constituted, are not considered U.S. Government works." RJaguar3 (talk) 01:31, 30 September 2012 (UTC)


Hello, RJaguar3! You are pokémon :D

— Preceding unsigned comment added by Dencey (talk • contribs) 14:48, 01 August 2016 (UTC)

Question on copyright?Edit

Hi, RJaguar3. As far as I understand, according to this, most of the contents in Category:State of Washington v. Trump are not in the public domain? Have I understood it right? Thanks --Discasto talk 23:19, 5 February 2017 (UTC)

It varies depending on what type of document. From my initial assessment:
  1. File:Washington v. Trump - Civil Docket.pdf is {{PD-USGov}}.
  2. File:Washington v. Trump - Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief.pdf appears to be non-free (barring a policy by the state of Washington to release government documents into the public domain), the same holds for the apparent duplicate File:Complaint as Filed.pdf.
  3. File:TRO as Filed.pdf is also non-free; File:Washington v. Trump - Motion for Temporary Restraining Order.pdf appears to be a duplicate.
  4. File:Declaration of Solicitor General Noah Purcell.pdf is non-free.
  5. File:Purcell Declaration (Exhibit A).pdf appears to be {{PD-ineligible}} or {{PD-USGov}}, seeing as it's just a trivial republication of census data.
  6. File:Purcell Declaration (Exhibit B).pdf is, according to the declaration, a printout of an NPR article, so definitely non-free.
  7. File:Purcell Declaration (Exhibit C).pdf is a printout of an article from The Hill, so non-free.
  8. File:Washington v. Trump - Declaration of Asif Chaudhry.pdf is non-free (state university employee).
  9. File:Washington v. Trump - Declaration of Ayesha Blackwell-Hawkins, Esq.pdf, File:Washington v. Trump - Declaration of Robert Dzielak.pdf, and File:Washington v. Trump - Declaration of Emily Chiang.pdf are non-free (non-governmental employees).
  10. File:Washington v. Trump - Declaration of Jeffrey Riedinger.pdf is non-free (state university employee)
  11. File:Washington v. Trump - Plaintiff State of Washington's Supplemental Brief Regarding Standing.pdf and File:First Amended Complaint For Declaratory and Injunctive Relief.pdf are non-free (state party filing)
  12. File:Washington v. Trump - Notice of Amended Citations.pdf would be non-free, but it might be {{PD-ineligible}} (and out of scope/no educational value?)
  13. File:Washington v. Trump - Brief of Amicus Curiae the American Civil Liberties Union of Washington.pdf, File:Washington v. Trump - Brief of the Service Employees International Union as Amicus Curiae in Support of Plaintiff State of Washington.pdf, File:Washington v. Trump - Proposed Brief of Amicus Curiae Law Professors on the Subject of State Standing.pdf, File:Washington v. Trump - Brief of Amicus Curiae Washington State Labor Council.pdf, and File:Washington v. Trump - Brief of Amicus Curiae Americans United for Separation of Church and State in Support of State of Washington's Amended Motion for Temporary Restraining Order.pdf are non-free (non-governmental amici)
  14. File:Washington v. Trump - Defendants' Opposition to Plaintiff State of Washington's Motion for Temporary Restraining Order.pdf is {{PD-USGov}}.
  15. File:State of Washington vs. Donald J. Trump, et al.webm, File:Robart bench ruling.webm, and File:Washington v. Trump- TRO hearing and bench ruling 3rd feb 2017.webm, are, on the assumption the recordings were made by the court, {{PD-USGov}}.
  16. File:Washington v. Trump Order Granting Full Nationwide Stay.pdf is correctly tagged as free.
  17. File:Washington v. Trump - Notice of Appeal.pdf is probably {{PD-ineligible}} (contents of a notice of appeal are mostly specified in the FRAP), but is {{PD-USGov}} in any event.
  18. File:Donald Trump attacks Judge (20170204-0512).png, File:Trump tweets his disdain for the Constitution of the United States.png, File:Trump now overruled by Federal Judge tries to scare people.png, and File:Donald questions the independent judiciary (20170204-1537).png are {{PD-USGov}} if you can show the tweets made by Trump on the @realdonaldtrump Twitter account are within the scope of his employment. Otherwise, non-free (but maybe {{PD-ineligible}} because they're so short).
  19. File:9th-Cir-Emergency-Stay-Motion.pdf is {{PD-USGov}}, as is the apparent duplicate File:Washington v. Trump - Emergency motion for stay to Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals.pdf.
  20. File:Washington v. Trump - 17-35105 amended order.pdf is correctly tagged.
  21. File:Washington v. Trump - Memorandum to the Acting Secretary of State, the Acting Attorney General, and the Secretary of Homeland Security.pdf is {{PD-USGov}}.
  22. File:Washington v. Trump - Order denying immediate administrative stay pending full consideration of the emergency motion for stay and setting schedule.pdf is correctly tagged.
So, in general, to analyze the freeness, we simply disregard the fact that the document is in a court docket, and consider the other relevant factors (was the author the U.S. government?, is it original?, etc.). RJaguar3 (talk) 04:18, 6 February 2017 (UTC)
In Feist Publications, Inc., v. Rural Telephone Service Co., the court found that one cannot copyright facts only original creativity. And, Sandra Day O'Connor pointed out that a mere synthesis of a certain number of facts doesn't create a new creative thought, this is of prime import to judicial filings; since one in court is pleading the facts to the court and filing briefs which synthesizes the facts of previous cases in relation to the instant case's facts, legal filings are not copyrightable, since nothing of a creative nature was produced in the process it is a mere compilation of facts. -- Jasonanaggie (talk) 07:28, 6 February 2017 (UTC)
See RECAP here: - RECAP is a program in place putting all documents from PACER online free, and in the Public Domain. It explains it here. -- Jasonanaggie (talk) 07:50, 6 February 2017 (UTC)
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