Commons:实用软件

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This is a selection of programs designed to aid in media (graphics and audio) manipulation, as recommended by the Wikigraphists and Graphics Labs. These programs are considered very useful tools for the tasks of cleaning up, editing and creation of images, illustrations, maps, photographs and animations and the recording, editing and conversion of audio files.

Experienced Wikigraphists, several of them having improved their skills on the Graphics Lab itself, will be able to offer advice and assistance in the use of these programs, although each program usually has its own dedicated forums and tutorials that can be found online. The search strings constructed from the name of the program, followed by 'forum' or 'tutorial', will usually achieve desirable results from your favourite search engine.

This page contains a list of recommended software for creating and editing media files and tutorials as well.

Creation on commons

MarkersEdit

These free software products have been labeled by the Wikigraphists of the Graphic Lab the "five stars" of editing and creation of images, illustrations, maps, photograph and animations:

Name Features Operating System Download Example
Inkscape Logo.svg Inkscape Creator of SVG vector images. It can also be used to export PNG. Linux; Windows; Mac OS X inkscape.org/download/
Housefly anatomy-key.svg
(see more...)
Wilber-huge-alpha.png GIMP Similar to Photoshop, suite for image manipulation and creation of raster graphics, PNG, JPG, GIF, XCF). Can also be used to create animations when the GIMP Animation Package (GAP) is installed. Linux; BSD; Solaris; Windows; Mac OS X gimp.org/downloads/ Hogna radiata (AF)-top 01.png
Canon Digital Ixus 50 front.png
Hugin logo small.png hugin Stitch panorama images and correct perspective Windows; Linux; BSD; Mac OS X; Other Unix Systems hugin.sourceforge.net/download/ NYC Top of the Rock Pano.jpg
Blender Creation and editing of 3D images. Windows; Linux x86/PPC; Solaris; Irix ; BSD; Mac OS X blender.org/download/get-blender/ Engine movingparts.jpg


S另见: Commons:Templates#Created with... templates for more

Tutorials for related topicsEdit

实用软件Edit

General softwareEdit

These software packages have been recommended by the Commons community for use in image manipulation:

  • The GIMP, home page at www.gimp.org - High quality open source image editing suite, similar to Photoshop (free, Open source - for Linux, Windows, Mac OS X). Windows version can be found at gimp-win.sourceforge.net. Opens and manipulates a lot of file formats including but not limited to JPEG, PNG and animated GIF's.
  • Inkscape, home page at www.inkscape.org - Vector graphics program, similar to Adobe Illustrator or Corel Draw (free, Open source - for Linux, Windows, Mac OS X)
  • OpenOffice.org, handles all types of images (reading SVG only with SVG Import Filter) (free, Open source - for Linux, Windows, Mac OS X)
  • ImageMagick, home page at www.imagemagick.org - Image conversion, effects, viewing... Particularly good for scripted and "batch" manipulation. (free, Open source - for Linux, Microsoft Windows, Mac OS 9 or X, and others)
  • GQview, home page http://gqview.sourceforge.net/ is an excellent image viewer. (Free software for GNU/Linux, unofficial port for Windows)
  • Paint.NET, home page at www.getpaint.net - free and open-source, with a good user interface, but Windows-only. Supports PNG, GIF, JPEG, BMP, TIFF, and PSD (with plugin) as well as conversion between and manipulation of images in these formats.
  • IrfanView, home page at www.irfanview.com (Freeware - for Microsoft Windows. A multi-featured freeware tool, supports many image formats. Good at viewing/converting images.)
  • XnView, home page at www.xnview.com (Freeware - for Microsoft Windows. A multi-featured freeware tool, supports many image formats. Good at viewing/converting images, adding IPTC metadata and GPS coordinates).
  • XLS-Chart2JPG Save your Excel charts as JPG with a little macro.
  • Zamzar, home page at zamzar.com - offers an online file conversion service for various formats, including Ogg video and audio.
  • FreeFileConvert, home page at freefileconvert.com - allows user to convert files in different formats, supports most popular video, audio, document and image formats.

Panorama stitching / keystone correctionEdit

JPEGEdit

JPEG is a lossy image format, most image editing software can encode and decode it but it is also possible to perform certain transfomations on a JPEG losslessly.

  • Jpegcrop and jpegtran: jpegtran is a command line app that can perform a variety of lossless transformations on JPEG files. Jpegcrop is a command line tool with similar functionality, there is also a windows version available with GUI.
  • Cropbot allows one to crop JPEGs lossless, using jpegtran, so one does not need the software oneself.
  • jpegpixi is a CLI tool to interpolate pixels in the specified part of a JPEG image without affecting the rest of it, except for the blocks which contain that part. Also included is jpeghotp, which can find hot or dead pixels in otherwise black or white JPEG images and generate configuration for jpegpixi (that's useful if your camera has CCD defects). Source code and Debian packages are provided.
  • Freeware IrfanView for Windows (homepage) with the JPG_TRANSFORM plugin. For all lossless operations use menu options
  • BatchPurifier LITE is a free lossless metadata remover for Windows. Useful for users who wish to upload their photos without metadata to protect their privacy.

GIFEdit

GIF should only be used for animations here, the tool list keeps that in mind.

  • gifsicle: A command line tool for making, manipulating, and optimizing animated gifs.
  • UnFREEz OSS GUI-tool for making animated gifs.

PNGEdit

PNG is a lossless format to be used for any kind of diagram or screenshot for which SVG is not convenient.

  • OptiPNG: a command line tool for optimising PNG images
  • AdvPNG: a command line tool for further recompression of PNG images. Should be used after OptiPNG.
  • The GIMP (Windows Installers): is the GNU Image Manipulation Program. A free software and high quality image editing tool.

SVGEdit

SVG, or Scalable Vector Graphics, is an XML-based vector graphics format. It can be created and edited by hand as a text file, or edited through a specialized program. Bitmaps (raster graphics) can be converted to SVG (especially diagrams, maps and so on should be)

See Help:SVG#Software for a list.

Ogg Vorbis (audio)Edit

Vorbis is a lossy audio codec (See Vorbis).

  • Audacity can export projects in Ogg Vorbis format.
  • Mp3splt allows one to split Ogg Vorbis files without re-encoding.
  • Shtooka Recorder is a program for windows which allows automated recording of the pronunciations of many words, expressions from a text list. (you can record 500 words in 20 minutes). It can save files in Wav/Ogg/FLAC format (including Vorbis Comment tag).
  • Yazik Recorder is a cross-platform (Python)[1] equivalent of Shtooka Recorder.
  • http://youconvertit.com/

Also see the players for Ogg Theora videos below — they can also play Vorbis audio.

Ogg Theora (video)Edit

Theora is a lossy video codec (see en:Theora). (Note: most software mentioned below should also be able to play Ogg Vorbis audio)

  • ffmpeg2theora is a command line theora encoder available for most operating systems, including Linux, Mac OS, and Windows.
  • Videolan Client is an open source multimedia player also being capable to transcode files but having the advantage of supporting both a GUI as well as the command line; available for most operating systems including Windows, Linux, and Mac OS X.
  • MPlayer is also an open source multimedia player also being capable to transcode files but having the advantage of supporting both a GUI as well as the command line; available for most operating systems including Windows, Linux, and Mac OS X.
  • illiminable DirectShow filter for theora for playing ogg vorbis and theora in Windows Media Player and Winamp.
  • Transmageddon is a GUI based Linux program for converting video. It can take almost any format as its input and generate a very large host of output files.

Lists on other projectsEdit

Last modified on 3 August 2011, at 13:17