Open main menu
This page is a translated version of a page Commons:Screenshots and the translation is 30% complete. Changes to the translation template, respectively the source language can be submitted through Commons:Screenshots and have to be approved by a translation administrator.

Other languages:
Bahasa Indonesia • ‎Deutsch • ‎English • ‎asturianu • ‎español • ‎français • ‎italiano • ‎occitan • ‎slovenčina • ‎slovenščina • ‎русский • ‎עברית • ‎中文

Shortcut: COM:SS· COM:SCREENSHOT· COM:SCREENSHOTS· COM:Screenshot

Decision matrix for determining if a screenshot is appropriate for upload to Commons. If either condition is satisfied, that A) the software is freely licensed by the owner, or B) the screen shot is freely licensed by the owner of the software, than the image is appropriate for Commons so long as it is within scope. If both conditions are not satisfied, then the image is non-free and not yet appropriate for upload to Commons.

電腦的螢幕截圖(screenshot, 以下簡稱"截圖")其版權為所顯示的程式所有.[1] 因此, 除非呈現在截圖上的所有軟體與資料均為自由授權, 否則不應上傳到維基共享資源.

如果屏幕上的節目或顯示的圖像是有版權的,屏幕截圖也是有版權的,詳細討論請參見這裡。除非屏幕上顯示的所有內容和數據都是在某種自由協議下發佈的,否則不能在共享資源使用。例如微軟的指南不允許修改,所以任何微軟的屏幕截圖都不符合共享資源的原則。(參見這裡) 記住只有所有在GUI項目中的圖像都是自由的,屏幕截圖才是自由的,例如所有的圖像都是PD,屏幕截圖才是PD,屏幕截圖本身不具有任何版權,如果照片中有公司徽標等其他非自由部分,這個截圖本身則不是自由的。請參見。[2]

所以如果節目製作人不同意在自由協議下發佈,屏幕截圖也不是自由的。可能並不是所有國家的法律都是如此,但起碼在美國(根據 柯萊爾公司對布里奇曼藝術圖書館的訴訟 )、德國(參見德語維基比爾德里施特 )可能還有歐盟其他國家也是如此。 有些節目本身是一種藝術作品,而且是製作人是自由發佈的,如顯示一個大熊貓,這時屏幕照片也可以是自由的。

這種情況也有例外,如果屏幕截圖顯示的只是使用某些屏幕程序製造的,並不是程序本身,可以認為它本身就是一種另外的作品。例如網站主頁,如用GPL協議發佈的軟件 Konqueror 顯示的 Wikipedia 首頁屬於GFDL協議

Contents

Audiovisual works

 
Screenshots from "Elephants Dream", and even the entire film itself can be uploaded here because it is a freely licensed work.

Screenshots from audiovisual works (such as films, television broadcasts, video clips) are often the property of its producer or creator and they may not be uploaded to Commons unless the work itself is in the public domain or released under a free license or unless the copyright holder is willing to release the screenshot under a free license.

Software

 
Screenshot of the Free Software program GNU IceCat licensed under the Mozilla tri-license, running on Xfce with window titlebar theme licensed under GNU GPL, and showing public domain LibriVox web page. The Creative Commons logo is trademarked but is thought to be ineligible for copyright at all.

In most cases, screenshots of computer software (which include programs, video games, operating systems) cannot be uploaded to Commons unless the software is released under a free software license that complies with the Commons licensing policy (software released under licenses that meet the OSI definition of "Open Source" will meet the requirements), or there is formal permission.

Note that free programs generally are not free of intellectual property protections. Just as websites may be free to access, but still covered under copyright, simply because a software is free to download, run or play, does not mean that it is in the public domain or freely licensed in a way that is compatible with Commons. For those that are under a free license, you must still conform to the terms of the particular licence, which usually means you must publish your derivative work under the same licence, and correctly attribute the original authors or owners. However, screenshots of programs with a command-line interface may fall into public domain. See {{PD-text}} for more information.

Note, this does not prevent you from uploading works created using non-free software, it is not subject to the copyright of the software itself in most cases. This is especially true for fonts, which in some cases are considered programs.

製作自由版權許可的截圖

  • 建議使用自由版權的作業系統.
  • 使用以完全自由版權外皮(skin)所呈現的自由版權程式. (例如: 使用Crystal images的KDE程式)
  • 將所有可能帶有版權的元素剪掉, 僅留下相關的內容.
  • 截圖的內容必需也為自由版權. 確認截圖中不包含商標或公司標記;不自由的文字和圖像;以及任何不能自由使用的內容等等。
  • 若截圖包含照片或其他作品(如維基百科的首頁), 確認也符合其每一版權規定.

要將屏幕照片加上{{自由截圖}}模板以及其他合適的協議標籤,同時註明節目程序本身的協議情況。

Examples

Microsoft products

Microsoft's guidelines do not allow derivative works,[3] so screenshots of Microsoft products would go against Commons policy. The Windows operating system itself is a Microsoft product, and the precise appearance of standard operating system widgets in some themes may or may not be copyrightable, as they are purely geometric.

Software as art

 
Screenshot of a demo program that was released under CC-BY-SA by its authors

In some cases the program itself is a work of art—an example would be a demoscene (such as one that is illustrated with the panda). Screenshots of such works are free if and only if the program itself is free. An exception to the rule is if the copyright holder of a non-free program wishes to freely license a screenshot of it. To do this, the user must have the rights to all visible non-free objects—the interface, the graphics, the text, everything. Before doing this, please consider all that it entails. Any design elements or logos appearing in the screenshot will irrevocably be placed under a free license. Also, be sure to make it explicitly clear that the software itself is not free.

Web browsers

Common proprietary web browsers include Microsoft Internet Explorer, Safari and Opera. Screenshots of these are never permissible on Commons if they show the browser's user interface.

 
作者在CC-BY-SA 協議下發佈的一個示範程序截圖

Common free web browsers include Mozilla Firefox, Chromium, Konqueror, and Web. Screenshots of these browsers displaying free content should be permissible, so long as they do not include copyrightable elements of a proprietary operating system, other proprietary software or non-free user interface customizations. The Firefox icon before Firefox 3.6 is non-free, so it must not be included in screenshots (internal logo files in Firefox 3.6 and later are under the Mozilla tri-license, although trademarked, so are acceptable where hard to avoid). GNU IceCat, a rebranded Firefox-based browser, is unencumbered by this problem, but may show small non-free logos under certain configurations, which should be replaced.

Google Chrome has caused conflicts; even though, besides its logo, there are no immediately visible differences between Chrome and its open source arm Chromium, it has been asserted that Google Chrome itself is non-free because its official binaries are subject to a non-free Google Chrome Terms of Service which overrides the open source terms of its base source code. Deletion discussions have gone both ways.

Screenshots of web browsers displaying web sites, images, videos or other copyrighted content which is not under a free license are not permissible.

Although Wikipedia is often a component of free screenshots, there have been issues.

  • Most Wikimedia logos were previously subject to a proprietary license, but this changed when they were freed, in 2014.
  • If the screenshot contains images or icons with free licenses with requirements, you have to honor them, such as by listing them and their authors and licenses, which may be other than Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike.

Smartphones

Although much of Android is open source software, this does not apply to Google software or their icons. Additionally, many smartphones do not include the "stock" Android user experience, but one specific to the company (such as Samsung One UI, and Huawei EMUI). These aspects are copyrighted by the maker of the phone, and screenshots showing portions of these interfaces (such as home screens) are not free.

Screenshots of "stock" Android can be tagged with {{Apache}} with copyright credit to "The Android Open Source Project".

See also

參考資料