共享資源:刪除方針

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為了維持維基共享資源的效率性,維基共享資源是需要制定一些刪除指導方針,以便管理出於種種原因而不能繼續存放在維基共享資源的內容的刪除程序。為了簡明起見,所有圖像、聲音檔案、視訊、源檔案及其他檔案都統稱為「檔案」,而所有條目頁、頁面分類、模板、討論頁及其他頁面都統稱為「頁面」。本頁面並不解釋版權議題和維基共享資源的許可協議方針,請直接參看Commons:許可協議

一般程序

原則上,檔案及頁面的刪除可分為五種不同的個案(參見下面以取得詳細資訊):

  • 快速刪除:如果您十分確信此頁面或檔案的刪除符合快速刪除的標準,如自己錯誤地上傳了一個版權明確、用途正當、非商業性等(下文列有細節)的檔案,該檔案即可進入快速刪除的候選之列。所有受影響(被標記)的檔案都可在以下找到:分類:快速刪除候選
  • 標記刪除:在許多情況下,可以應用特定模板標記頁面使其在相關問題沒有被解決的一段時間(通常是7天)後被刪除。
  • 常規刪除如果還有討論的需要(在許多案例中較被推薦的做法,尤其如果您新進維基共享資源或是會擔心版權問題),這個檔案或頁面則應被列入刪除請求中。在任何有疑慮的案例中,請使用刪除請求而非快速刪除,並幫這類的頁面或檔案標上{{Delete}} 。別忘了要在標籤的底下附上理由並在Commons:刪除請求加上圖片,然後通知上傳者。

在所有的案例之中,您都可以在刪除前考慮使用全域文件使用情況以了解該檔案的使用情形。

刪除原因

法律問題

著作權侵犯

Shortcut
COM:CV

The speedy deletion tag {{Copyvio}} is for obvious copyright violations. Use {{copyvio|1=Reason}} or {{copyvio|source=URL}} to explain why it’s a copyright violation. Note that if a media file or article is a suspected but not clear copyright violation (including all copyrighted works in public spaces), it should be placed on 共享資源:删除請求.

欠缺法律資訊

如果許可協議缺少足夠的版權信息,檔案將會被標識為資訊不全,而上傳者將有7天的時間去修正這個問題。在期限過後,這個檔案將可被管理員直接刪除,而不須再經過進一步的討論。所有受影響(被標記)的檔案都可在以下找到Category:缺乏版權信息

欠缺來源或許可協議的圖像應被標上

  • {{subst:nsd}} (no/missing source, tagged by date)
  • {{subst:nld}} (no/incomplete licensing information, tagged by date)
  • {{subst:npd}} (no/missing permission, tagged by date)
  • {{subst:dw-nsd}} (derivative work, no/missing original source, tagged by date)

並請通知上傳者您已為此圖像加上了這個標籤(見模板上的註釋),在此之後,他們有七天的時間去修正相關資訊。

若再一週後仍不見修正,這個檔案將具備有快速刪除的資格;若提供了充分的許可協議和來源的資訊,這個標籤應予移除。您不應將此類圖像列入快速刪除中,因為他們是依照日期標示的,管理員可以透過Category:欠缺合理資訊的導航子分類自動查看哪些可以被刪除。

非自由授權條款與合理使用

Per Commons licensing policy, Wikimedia Commons accepts only free content, that is, images and other media files that can be used by anyone, anytime, for any purpose. Commons also does not host “fair use” copies of non-free content (see 共享资源:合理使用), other than some non-free symbols of the WMF projects.

  • Files licensed only under a non-free license (like fair use, noncommercial or permission-only) may be speedy-deleted using the {{Speedydelete}} tag (be sure to give a reason: {{speedydelete|Reason}}).
  • The speedy deletion tag {{Fair use}} is for files that have been tagged with a fair use rationale.

其他授權條款/著作權問題

A file or page can be listed for deletion on 共享資源:删除請求 in the following cases:

  • The file/page has an unclear copyright status but the method described at Missing legal information cannot be used.
  • The file/page violates the licensing guidelines in some other way than being a clear copyright violation.

隱私

The tag {{Speedydelete}} is available for speedy deletion nominations where there is not a more specific speedy deletion tag. Don't forget to add a reason like this: {{speedydelete|Reason}}. Such cases include:

A violation of the privacy policy.

超出項目範圍

"Out of scope" files/pages should normally be listed at 共享資源:删除請求.

Not educationally useful

The file is not realistically useful for an educational purpose. Examples of files that are not realistically useful include:

  • Private image collections, e.g. private party photos, photos of yourself and your friends, your collection of holiday snaps and so on. There are plenty of other projects on the Internet you can use for such a purpose, such as Flickr. Such private image collections do not become educational even if displayed as a gallery on a user page on Commons or elsewhere.
  • Self-created artwork without obvious educational use.
  • Files that add nothing educationally distinct to the collection of images we already hold covering the same subject, especially if they are of poor or mediocre quality.

Self-promotion or vandalism/attack

  • Advertising or self-promotion. (COM:ADVERT)
  • Files apparently created and/or uploaded for the purpose of vandalism or attack. Pre-existing designs and symbols that are or have been associated with nationalistic, religious or racist causes are not out of scope solely because they may cause offence. Provided they are legal to host and otherwise fall within Commons scope (e.g. if they could for example be used to illustrate a Wikipedia article on a hate group) they should be kept. (COM:VAND)

社群問題

Photographs of identifiable people

Commons respects the legal rights of the subjects of our photographs and has a moral obligation to behave ethically with regard to photographs of people. This means certain photographs are unacceptable on Commons without appropriate consent from the subject. See 共享資源:可辨識的人物照片.

Courtesy deletions

Even when not required to do so for legal or other policy reasons, Commons may at times choose to delete images, for example as a goodwill gesture to a photographer who has made a mistake. For proposed guidelines, see Commons:Courtesy deletions.

維護

常規:快速刪除

{{Speedydelete}}標籤適用於沒有更具體快速刪除標籤的快速刪除請求。別忘了加上像這樣的原因:{{speedydelete|原因}}。像是這些例子:

檔案
  • 已被病毒感染或破壞、會導致瀏覽器當機等等。(如有疑慮,請以不明格式/內容列入Commons:刪除請求
  • 先前已依照共享資源的刪除守則刪除。
  • 純為破壞、人身攻擊、電子廣告等目的而上傳。
頁面
  • 頁面空白且無重要歷史
  • 明顯的廢話、測試或破壞
  • 由使用者本人提請刪除使用者頁面或其子頁面
  • 不存在使用者的使用者頁面或其子頁面
  • 其他頁面要移動至此的重新導向頁。
  • 不存在目標的重新導向頁。
  • 沒有內容或僅含一個父分類的分類頁,並顯然在未來仍無用。
  • 已刪除內容的討論頁(除非包含任何值得保留的內容)

General: deletion nomination

檔案或頁面在下列的情形中可被列入Commons:刪除請求

命名问题

  • Please don't upload files again to change file names. To rename files, use {{rename|new_name|numeric rationale|additional reason}}.

重複

典型的「重複的」檔案包括了重複上傳導致的純粹複本、或是不同解析度的相同圖像,要是有疑慮,請把該檔案列入刪除請求。用SVG檔取代點陣圖不會被視為是重複的。
您(提出刪除請求的使用者)必須在所有使用於 全域的維基共享資源計劃中孤立重複的檔案,在這之後,共享資源的管理員才能安全地刪除該檔案並將之重新定向至留下的版本,但已被使用的重複檔案可能不會被刪除。所有受影響的檔案都可在以下找到:Category:重複

Files that are not of the same file type are not duplicates, but instead possibly redundant (see below), and require a deletion request.

Exact duplicates of a file are listed at the bottom of the description page by the MediaWiki software.

  • A bitmap (PNG, JPEG or GIF) file superseded by a vector graphic is not considered to be an exact enough duplicate. Such files ought to be listed at 共享資源:删除請求 so that they may be decided upon, case by case.
  • Care should be taken when the format is different: For example, it is common and useful to have both a PNG and JPEG of the same image, since (due to a long-standing issue with the thumbnailer), JPEGs thumbnail is better. However, JPEGs aren't lossless images, so progressive editing of a JPEG will destroy the quality, whereas a PNG does not have this problem. Hence, a PNG for (further?) editing and a JPEG for display can be justified.
  • If one of the duplicate copies of the image was uploaded by the author, keep that version and redirect the others.
  • If there are varying descriptions in the different image description pages, ensure all the relevant information is merged into the copy to be preserved.
  • After deleting the duplicate, redirect the deleted filename unless it is misleading or a very recent upload. (This avoids breaking links from external reusers of images.)

Note: if it is a work that is very similar (or identical) to another, but not an exact duplicate, it’s a redundant file, which mandates a different procedure. See below.

多餘/質量差

多餘或質量差的檔案絕不會被快速刪除,它們必須遵循一般途徑被列入Commons:刪除請求,而且也只會在既有的案例基礎上被刪除。

Before requesting a bad quality file for deletion, make sure that the file is not in use anymore by using GlobalUsage. You may replace uses of the file on local projects by superior versions, subject to the local project’s policies. If at the end of the discussion period a deletion is agreed upon and the file is still not in use, it can be deleted.

Template Usage
For speedy deletion
{{Duplicate}} For files that are exactly the same or scaled down.
{{Bad name}} Use this one if YOU have uploaded a file under a bad name.
For replacement
{{Superseded}} If a better file of the same theme was uploaded.
{{SupersededPNG}} Use for GIF & JPEG that have been superseded by PNG.
{{Vector version available}} Use for PNG, GIF & JPEG that have been superseded by SVG.
{{Technically replaced}} Use for SVG (usually) that have been replaced with an inferior file.
{{Original}} To protect the original file.

In case of a redundant page (not file), consider simply making it a redirect.

Procedures in detail

快速刪除

参见:維基共享資源:快速刪除方針.

在特定的場合下,檔案應被快速刪除,此時 管理員可以直接刪除這些頁面、圖像或其它檔案。快速刪除可依其性質以下列標籤標示:

The {{Copyvio}} template is an often-used speedy deletion tag used for files that are obvious, blatant copyright violations. Place the template at the top of the file's page, using: {{copyvio|1=Reason|source=URL}}. The source URL parameter is optional. After saving it, click on the template where it says "Click here to show further instructions", and copy the displayed {{Copyvionote}} template to the end of the uploader's talk page to notify them. A new section will be created automatically.

管理員將會在到期後刪除該檔案∕頁面,如果有認何人不同意特定檔案∕頁面的快速刪除,請將它轉移到常規刪除請求(見下方)。在刪除前,請務必確保所有原本連到該檔案或頁面的連結已被更新與校正。被列入快速刪除的檔案∕頁面會自動納入Category:快速刪除候選與其子分類。

請記住:在快速刪除圖像前,請確認使用者已經依照這些刪除指引將之列入候選;如果沒有,請編輯模板,把它由該頁面移除。也請時時注意檔案的歷史以確定正確的圖像描述沒有被破壞。

快速刪除時,雖非必要,但我們建議您先檢查全域文件使用情況以修正維基媒體計畫的使用。

刪除標記

In some cases a file may be tagged with a “problem tag”, and will be deleted if the problem is not resolved after a certain time (typically 7 days). See for example "#Missing legal information" above.

常規刪除

 
The AjaxQuickDelete gadget, enabled by default, creates a Nominate for deletion link in the lefthand “Tools” menu. (Requires Javascript)

檔案或頁面將透過加上{{delete|reason}}模板(請以您的理由取代)被標示為可能被刪除,且必須列入Commons:刪除請求;而上傳者也應接到即將進行刪除的通知。

如果在辯論中友好的理由支持這麼做,該檔案/頁面可能會在管理員的決定之下被刪除。在刪除之前,請務必確認所有到該檔案或頁面的連結已被更新或糾正;從刪除請求中刪除檔案時,建議您檢查全域文件使用情況並孤立該檔案。更多資訊請參見Commons:刪除請求,被列入刪除的檔案則包含在Category:Deletion requests

如果您想以相同的原因提名多個檔案(大量請求或大量提名),請參見Help:刪除請求

Regular deletion requests are separate pages that are transcluded in other pages. Therefore if you wish to add one or several categories to a deletion request you should place the category or categories in the wikitext between <noinclude> and </noinclude> for the purpose that the category or categories apply only to the deletion request concerned. See also : Help:Noinclude, includeonly, and onlyinclude.

結束請求

In general, requests can be closed by an administrator after seven days. Deletion requests for obvious copyright violations can be closed earlier. Problematic or complex requests (such as highly used templates) can wait longer – even for several months if necessary. Non-admins may close a deletion request as keep if they have a good understanding of the process, and provided the closure is not controversial. If in doubt, don't do it.

In addition, no user may close a deletion request as Kept which includes media they have uploaded.

Administrators are encouraged to check whether the uploader was notified on their talk page of the pending deletion request (unless the image is an obvious violation, in which case the image can be speedy deleted).

Deletion request pages are closed with {{Delh}} (DeletionHeader) at the top, with a signed summary of the result kept or deleted between a horizontal ruler ---- and the {{Delf}} (DeletionFooter) at the bottom. For a kept page {{Kept}} can be used on its talk page as pointer to the closed DR.

上訴

To appeal debates of image not deleted, you might first want to discuss with the admin who closed the discussion. If you believe the deletion was done in error, appealing deleted images can be done at 共享资源:恢复请求.

If the decision was correctly based on the current licensing and project scope pages, you should express your dissatisfaction on a respective page.

分類

If a category should be renamed to better name or merged as a duplicate category, you can use {{move|target category name|reason|date}} as a change request. Please do not blank categories as this generally needs more checking work to avoid vandalism or needless emptying of categories. If the name of the abandoned (emptied) category is not incorrect, misspelled nor misleading, it should be not deleted, but “redirected” using {{category redirect|new name}} or changed to a disambiguation page by {{Disambig}}. Misspelled or misleading emptied old categories can be speedily deleted. See Commons:Rename a category/zh. Categories that are empty and obviously unusable for the future (unlikely to be ever meaningfully used) can generally be deleted by speedy deletion. If possible, the deletion summary should contain a click-able link to the category (categories) where the previous content was moved.

If neither of the above cases apply, an entry can be placed at 共享资源:待讨论分类 (follow the link for instructions on how to do this).

參見