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Shortcut: COM:SS· COM:SCREENSHOT· COM:SCREENSHOTS· COM:Screenshot

Decision matrix for determining if a screenshot is appropriate for upload to Commons. If either condition is satisfied, that A) the software is freely licensed by the owner, or B) the screen shot is freely licensed by the owner of the software, than the image is appropriate for Commons so long as it is within scope. If both conditions are not satisfied, then the image is non-free and not yet appropriate for upload to Commons.

Bildschirmfotos ("Screenshots") sind vom Urheberrecht betroffen, wenn das abgebildete Programm urheberrechtlich geschützt ist. Daher können solche Bilder nicht auf die Commons geladen werden, es sei denn, alle Programme und Daten, die abgebildet sind, stehen unter einer freien Lizenz. Beispielsweise erlauben die Richtlinien der Firma Microsoft keine Bearbeitungen; das heißt, Screenshots von Microsoft-Produkten können nicht auf Commons geladen werden.

[1]

Ein Bildschirmfoto darf nur dann unter freier Lizenz hochgeladen werden, wenn alle Bilder und Icons, die von den abgebildeten Programmen verwendet werden, unter einer freien Lizenz stehen. Wenn sie beispielsweise alle gemeinfrei sind, ist auch das Bildschirmfoto gemeinfrei (der Ersteller erwirbt keine zusätzlichen Rechte daran, weil die notwendige Schöpfungshöhe nicht erreicht wird). Wenn das Bild aber schützbare Icons oder nicht-freie Webseiten zeigt, ist er nicht frei.

[2]

If all content shown is in the public domain, then the screenshot is also, because there is no creative contribution added when creating a screenshot. This may not be true in all jurisdictions, but holds at least in the U.S. (due to Bridgeman Art Library v. Corel Corp.), in Germany (see Bildrechte:Schutz für Reproduktionen in German Wikipedia), and probably all other countries of the European Union.

Das heißt, wenn die Programmierer das Programm nicht unter eine freie Lizenz stellen beziehungsweise nicht zustimmen, dass das Bildschirmfoto (oder alle Bildschirmfotos) unter eine freie Lizenz gestellt werden dürfen, ist es nicht frei. Das gilt für die USA, Deutschland und vermutlich alle EU-Staaten.

Contents

Audiovisual works

 
Screenshots from "Elephants Dream", and even the entire film itself can be uploaded here because it is a freely licensed work.

Screenshots from audiovisual works (such as films, television broadcasts, video clips) are often the property of its producer or creator and they may not be uploaded to Commons unless the work itself is in the public domain or released under a free license or unless the copyright holder is willing to release the screenshot under a free license.

Software

 
Screenshot of the Free Software program GNU IceCat licensed under the Mozilla tri-license, running on Xfce with window titlebar theme licensed under GNU GPL, and showing public domain LibriVox web page. The Creative Commons logo is trademarked but is thought to be ineligible for copyright at all.

In most cases, screenshots of computer software (which include programs, video games, operating systems) cannot be uploaded to Commons unless the software is released under a free software license that complies with the Commons licensing policy (software released under licenses that meet the OSI definition of "Open Source" will meet the requirements), or there is formal permission.

Note that free programs generally are not free of intellectual property protections. Just as websites may be free to access, but still covered under copyright, simply because a software is free to download, run or play, does not mean that it is in the public domain or freely licensed in a way that is compatible with Commons. For those that are under a free license, you must still conform to the terms of the particular licence, which usually means you must publish your derivative work under the same licence, and correctly attribute the original authors or owners. However, screenshots of programs with a command-line interface may fall into public domain. See {{PD-text}} for more information.

Ausnahmen stellen Werke dar, die mit Hilfe eines Programms erstellt wurden, jedoch nicht wesentliche geschützte Elemente des Programms selbst abbilden. Das gilt vor allem für Zeichensätze (engl.: "fonts"), die in manchen Fällen als Software gelten.

Um ein freies Bildschirmfoto ("Screenshot") zu erzeugen:

  1. Beschränke dich auf ein freies Programm mit einem vollständig freien Benutzeroberflächen-Design (etwa ein KDE-Programm mit "Crystal-Skin").
  2. Schneide alles weg, was möglicherweise urheberrechtlich geschützt ist.
  3. Der Inhalt muss ebenfalls frei sein. Vergewissere dich, dass das Bild kein Material zeigt - Bilder, Texte, Logos -, das geschützt sein könnte.

Für freie Bildschirmfotos gibt es die Vorlage {{Template:free screenshot}}, die zusätzlich angebenen werden sollte - neben der obligatorischen Angabe, unter welcher Lizenz das abgebildete Programm steht.

  • Cut away all possibly non-free elements. Only show the relevant content.
  • The content of the screenshot must be free too. Make sure the screenshot does not contain unfree text or images.
  • If the screenshot contains photos or other works (e.g. a shot of Wikipedia's main page), be sure to mention and follow the terms of each license.
  • Save the file as a PNG.

Please tag screenshots that show only free content with {{Free screenshot}} in addition to an appropriate copyright tag. You must also indicate the free software license under which the program has been published.

Examples

Microsoft products

Microsoft's guidelines do not allow derivative works,[3] so screenshots of Microsoft products would go against Commons policy. The Windows operating system itself is a Microsoft product, and the precise appearance of standard operating system widgets in some themes may or may not be copyrightable, as they are purely geometric.

Software as art

 
Bild eines Demoprogramms, das unter CC-BY-SA steht

In manchen Fällen ist das Programm selbst ein schützbares Werk (etwa das oben abgebildete Demo-Programm). Bildschirmfotos solcher Werke sind nur dann frei, wenn das Programm selbst frei ist.

An exception to the rule is if the copyright holder of a non-free program wishes to freely license a screenshot of it. To do this, the user must have the rights to all visible non-free objects—the interface, the graphics, the text, everything. Before doing this, please consider all that it entails. Any design elements or logos appearing in the screenshot will irrevocably be placed under a free license. Also, be sure to make it explicitly clear that the software itself is not free.

Web browsers

Common proprietary web browsers include Microsoft Internet Explorer, Safari and Opera. Screenshots of these are never permissible on Commons if they show the browser's user interface.

 
Freely licensed GNU IceCat icon

Common free web browsers include Mozilla Firefox, Chromium, Konqueror, and Web. Screenshots of these browsers displaying free content should be permissible, so long as they do not include copyrightable elements of a proprietary operating system, other proprietary software or non-free user interface customizations. The Firefox icon before Firefox 3.6 is non-free, so it must not be included in screenshots (internal logo files in Firefox 3.6 and later are under the Mozilla tri-license, although trademarked, so are acceptable where hard to avoid). GNU IceCat, a rebranded Firefox-based browser, is unencumbered by this problem, but may show small non-free logos under certain configurations, which should be replaced.

Google Chrome has caused conflicts; even though, besides its logo, there are no immediately visible differences between Chrome and its open source arm Chromium, it has been asserted that Google Chrome itself is non-free because its official binaries are subject to a non-free Google Chrome Terms of Service which overrides the open source terms of its base source code. Deletion discussions have gone both ways.

Screenshots of web browsers displaying web sites, images, videos or other copyrighted content which is not under a free license are not permissible.

Although Wikipedia is often a component of free screenshots, there have been issues.

  • Most Wikimedia logos were previously subject to a proprietary license, but this changed when they were freed, in 2014.
  • If the screenshot contains images or icons with free licenses with requirements, you have to honor them, such as by listing them and their authors and licenses, which may be other than Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike.

Smartphones

Although much of Android is open source software, this does not apply to Google software or their icons. Additionally, many smartphones do not include the "stock" Android user experience, but one specific to the company (such as Samsung One UI, and Huawei EMUI). These aspects are copyrighted by the maker of the phone, and screenshots showing portions of these interfaces (such as home screens) are not free.

Screenshots of "stock" Android can be tagged with {{Apache}} with copyright credit to "The Android Open Source Project".

See also

References