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Creation on commons

Aquí se listan los programas de edición gráfica recomendados por los Wikigrafístas y el Taller Gráfico. Todos estos programas son libres y gratuitos. Si utilizas estos programas, podrás obtener ayuda de otros Wikigrafistas que los usen.

Contents

Recommended software

These free software products have been labeled by the Wikigraphists of the Graphic Lab the "five stars" of editing and creation of images, illustrations, maps, photograph and animations:

Logo Name Features Operating System Download Example
  Inkscape Creator of SVG vector images. It can also be used to export PNG. Linux; Windows; Mac OS X inkscape.org
(see more...)
  GIMP Similar to Photoshop, suite for image manipulation and creation of raster graphics, PNG, JPG, GIF, XCF). Can also be used to create animations when the GIMP Animation Package (GAP) is installed. Linux; BSD; Solaris; Windows; Mac OS X gimp.org  
  hugin Stitch panorama images and correct perspective Windows; Linux; BSD; Mac OS X; Other Unix Systems hugin.sourceforge.net  
  Blender Creation and editing of 3D images. Windows; Linux x86/PPC; Solaris; Irix ; BSD; Mac OS X blender.org  
  Dia Create and edit diagrams and graphics that only require basic shapes. Supports exporting to vector (SVG) and various raster file formats. Windows; Linux; Mac OS X dia-installer.de  
Nombre y función Sistema operativo Descarga
  Inkscape, especializado en la creación de imágenes vectoriales (SVG) Linux ; Windows ; Mac OS X Todos
  GIMP, similar al Photoshop. Utilizado para el retoque de imágenes, y la creación de gráficos rasterizados (PNG, JPG, GIF). Puede ser usado para crear animaciones si el GIMP Animation Package (GAP) está instalado. Linux; DBSD ; Solaris ; Windows ; Mac OS X [http://www.gimp.org/unix/ Linux/BSD/Solaris Mac OSX
  Hugin, para el cosido (stitching) de imágenes panorámicas, corrección de perspectivas, y otras modificaciones. Windows; Linux ;BSD ; es:Mac OS X; Otros sistemas UNIX Todos
  QGis, para crear capas de mapas SIG (Sistema de Información Geográfica): capas topográficas, relieve, polígonos de estados/provincias, ríos/lagos/costas, áreas urbanas, etc., en formatos PNG o SVG. Windows; Mac OS X; Linux; etc. Todos
Blender, para la creación y edición de imágenes 3D. Windows; es:Mac OS X; es:Linux; Solaris; BSD; Irix Todos
  Scribus, para autoedición y maquetación de publicaciones. Windows; Mac OS X; Linux; Unix; OS/2; eComStation Todos
Ejemplos de imágenes creadas con los programas anteriores.

Useful software

General software

These software packages have been recommended by the Commons community for use in image manipulation:

Shareware free for personal use

  • IrfanView, home page at www.irfanview.com (for Microsoft Windows. A multi-featured tool, supports many image formats. Good at viewing/converting images.)
  • XnView, home page at www.xnview.com (various platforms. A multi-featured tool, supports many image formats. Good at viewing/converting images, adding IPTC metadata and GPS coordinates).

Online

Panorama stitching / keystone correction

JPEG

JPEG is a lossy image format, most image editing software can encode and decode it but it is also possible to perform certain transformations on a JPEG losslessly.

  • Jpegcrop and jpegtran: jpegtran is a command line app that can perform a variety of lossless transformations on JPEG files; it can be used with MaPiVi for a GUI (although the selection preview size seems to be limited?). Jpegcrop is a command line tool with similar functionality, there is also a windows version available with GUI.
  • There is an EXIF tag, “Orientation”, which tells viewer software that the image must be rotated before being displayed. Unfortunately, not all software supports the tag, so some images may have the wrong value in it unnoticed. The tag can be edited using exiftool (e.g. it can be neutralized with “exiftool -Orientation=Normal”). See Commons:Village_pump/Archive/2011/10#Autorotation_using_EXIF_tag_with_MW_1.18 and Commons:EXIF for more details. Physical rotation of the image instead of editing the tag can be lossy, see Commons:Media for cleanup: Sideways pictures or pictures with noticeable camera tilt.
  • Cropbot allows one to crop JPEGs lossless, using jpegtran, so one does not need the software oneself.
  • jpegpixi is a CLI tool to interpolate pixels in the specified part of a JPEG image without affecting the rest of it, except for the blocks which contain that part. Also included is jpeghotp, which can find hot or dead pixels in otherwise black or white JPEG images and generate configuration for jpegpixi (that's useful if your camera has CCD defects). Source code and Debian packages are provided.
  • A GIMP plug-in to use GIMP as a GUI for jpegpixi.
  • JPEGsnoop. Free and open source tool to repair and analyse corrupted JPEGs. Windows-only, but works well under WINE.
  • Shiftn free and open source software for automatic correction of converging lines.

GIF

GIF should only be used for animations here, the tool list keeps that in mind.

  • gifsicle: A command line tool for making, manipulating, and optimizing animated gifs.
  • UnFREEz OSS GUI-tool for making animated gifs.

PNG

PNG is a lossless format to be used for any kind of diagram or screenshot for which SVG is not convenient.

  • OptiPNG: a command line tool for optimising PNG images
  • AdvPNG: a command line tool for further recompression of PNG images. Should be used after OptiPNG.

SVG

Main article: Help:SVG

SVG, or Scalable Vector Graphics, is an XML-based vector graphics format. It can be created and edited by hand as a text file, or edited through a specialized program. Bitmaps (raster graphics) can be converted to SVG (especially diagrams, maps and so on should be)

See Help:SVG for a software list.

Ogg Vorbis (audio)

Vorbis is a lossy audio codec. Video tools can also handle pure audio.

  • Audacity is an advanced audio editor with support for mixing and various effects. Can export projects in Ogg Vorbis format. The manual at its site contains advice on copying audio from tapes, LPs, minidiscs etc.
  • Mp3splt and oggz-chop (oggz-tools) each allow one to split Ogg Vorbis files without re-encoding.
  • Shtooka Recorder is a program for windows which allows automated recording of the pronunciations of many words, expressions from a text list. (you can record 500 words in 20 minutes). It can save files in Wav/Ogg/FLAC format (including Vorbis Comment tag).
  • Yazik Recorder is a cross-platform (Python) the same of Shtooka Recorder

Ogg Theora and WebM (video)

Main article: Help:Converting video

Theora is a lossy video codec. On Windows you can install the Xiph DirectShow filter for playing ogg vorbis and theora in Windows Media Player and Winamp. You can use the native video editing software of your operating system for editing tasks on your local machine:

See also

Lists on other projects