Commons:Pénznemek

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A pénz az egyike a leggyakoribb műalkotásoknak – lényegében bárki képes róluk digitális másolatot készíteni. Az elemek információtartalma magas; gyakran nem csak a pénznek, hanem a rajta lévő objektumoknak (például nemzeti jelképek) is. Ezek miatt a pénzek ideálisak lehetnek a Wikimédia Commons számára, azonban a más kormányzati művekhez hasonlóan a pénzek jogállása is változó nemcsak országról-országra, de gyakran még egy államon belül is; a pénzek reprodukcióját az adott országok hamisítás elleni törvényeivel felügyelik. Ez a lap a licencekkel kapcsolatos tudnivalókról, címkékről és megjelenési követelményekről kíván tájékoztatást adni, valamint a kapcsolódó kategóriákat is felsorolja.[1]

Fontos szempontok

  • Egy pénzérme fényképe esetén a publikálás előtt két szempontnak kell teljesülnie: egyrészt az érme maga nem lehet jogvédett, vagy engedélyre van szükséged a feltöltésre; másrészt pedig a fotósnak hozzá kell járulnia a szabad licenc alatti közléshez. Egy háromdimenziós alkotás fényképe a legtöbb területen új jogállapotot hoz létre a képpel kapcsolatban, amely a kétdimenziós tárgyak esetétől különbözik. További információkért lásd a Commons:Mikor használd a PD-Art címkét? lapot.
  • Pénzek nem szerepelhetnek méretszemléltető ábrákon; ehelyett vonalzó vagy skála használata szükséges; további információk: {{NoCoins}}.
  • Kérjük, hogy a másokéhoz hasonló fájlokkal ne írj felül más képeket, tiszteld a többiek munkáját is! Általánosságban a legjobb új állomány feltöltése; lásd: Commons:Létező fájlok felülírása.
  • Azon képeknél, melyek az adott ország hamisítás elleni jogszabályainak megsértése nélkül nyomtathatóak, a {{Counterfeiting}} sablont kell használni; ez különösen fontos a Wikipédia nyomtatott változatánál, illetve egyéb, származtatott kiadványoknál, hogy elkerüljük a jogsértéseket. Az üzenet megjelenését lásd a Counterfeiting sablon lapján.

Contents

Országok

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COM:CUR Albania

Albánia

Nincs adat

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COM:CUR Algeria

Algéria

Nincs adat

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COM:CUR Angola

Angola

Nincs adat

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COM:CUR Argentina

Argentína

Nincs adat

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COM:CUR Armenia

Örményország

Nincs adat

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COM:CUR Aruba

Aruba

    The copyright on Aruban banknotes is owned by the Central Bank of Aruba.[2]

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COM:CUR Australia

Ausztrália

Nincs adat

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COM:CUR Austria

Ausztria

Nincs adat

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COM:CUR Azerbaijan

Azerbajdzsán

   Monetary signs, together with other state symbols, are explicitly excluded from copyright by the 2013 Copyright law of Azerbaijan.[636-IVQD/2013 Article 7]

Please use {{PD-AZ-exempt}} for Azerbaijan currency images.

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COM:CUR Bahamas

Bahama-szigetek

   . Images of banknotes and coins denominated in Bahamian dollars are subject to copyright protection and are property of the Central Bank of The Bahamas. They cannot be reproduced or published without the expressed consent of the Central Bank of The Bahamas.[3]

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COM:CUR Belarus

Fehéroroszország

Nincs adat

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COM:CUR Belgium

Belgium

Banknotes

    Banknotes denominated in Belgian francs issued by the National Bank of Belgium can still be exchanged for an undetermined period of time. The Bank still owns copyrights with regard to the design of the banknotes it has issued, in accordance with the legislation on intellectual property rights. Therefore, these banknotes may not be reproduced without the Bank's permission, subject to the observance of the conditions the Bank has laid down. The same kind of restrictions apply to reproductions of Belgium banknotes as to Euro banknotes.[4]

Coins

  Unknown

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COM:CUR Bolivia

Bolívia

  Unclear According to Article 8 of the Law No.1322 of April 13, 1992, on Copyright: "Only a natural person may be an author; however, the State, public law bodies and moral or legal entities may exercise copyright as derived owners, in accordance with the norms of this Law".[1322/1992 Article 8]

Article 5(i) of Law No. 1322 defines "derived work" as: "Any work arising from the adaptation, translation or other transformation of an original work, provided that it constitutes a separate creation".[1322/1992 Article 5(i)]

The copyright law has provisions giving copyright to the State in national folklore and when Bolivian nationals die without heirs, so it is not clear if the government's right to hold copyright extends to banknotes.

Nincs adat

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COM:CUR Brazil

Brazília

Nincs adat

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COM:CUR Bulgaria

Bulgária

    The Bulgarian National Bank requires written permission for reproduction of Bulgarian banknotes and coins of all emissions in physical or electronic form.[5]

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COM:CUR Canada

Kanada

Nincs adat

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COM:CUR Cayman Islands

Kajmán-szigetek

Nincs adat

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COM:CUR Chile

Chile

Nincs adat

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COM:CUR China

Kína

Nincs adat

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COM:CUR Colombia

Kolumbia

    within 70 years of publication of the design.

Both banknotes and coins are produced by the Banco de la República, the Colombian central bank. They claim all rights reserved on their website in the footer of all pages, and in a legal disclaimer (Spanish: [1]) which asserts intellectual property over the website's designs and trademarks. There is no further information provided about the legality of photographic reproductions or similar. Colombia's copyright law has no exemption for government works, meaning that the Bank is permitted to claim copyright, for up to 70 years from the date of publication. The law makes no exemptions for banknotes or currency either.

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COM:CUR Costa Rica

Costa Rica

  •     Currency less than 25 years old.
  •   Uncertain Currency between 25 and 50 years old.
  •    Currency more than 50 years old.

The Central Bank of Costa Rica (Banco Central de Costa Rica) is the "copyright holder of Costa Rica’s currency design -protected under Law No. 6683"[6] According to Costa Rica's intellectual property law (Law 6683, as amended by Law 8834 of 3 May 2010):

  • The State, the municipal councils and the official corporations shall enjoy the protection of this Law, but, as far as economic rights are concerned, only for 25 years from the date of publication of the work, except in the case of public bodies whose purpose is the exercise of such rights as their normal activity, in which case protection shall be for 50 years.[6683/2010 Article 63]

All images of Costa Rican currency must use {{Currency}}, as the Central Bank of Costa Rica has placed several Non-copyright restrictions on use of images of Costa Rican currency.[6]

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COM:CUR Croatia

Horvátország

Nincs adat

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COM:CUR Czech Republic

Csehország

Nincs adat

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COM:CUR Czechoslovakia

Csehszlovákia

Nincs adat

Nincs adat

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COM:CUR Denmark

Dánia

    The National Bank of Denmark states:

  • Danmarks Nationalbank regularly receives requests from firms and private individuals about reproduction of banknotes and coins. Any reproduction of money should always be considered carefully since it is a criminal offence to imitate and/or copy money in such a way they can be mistaken for genuine money. Moreover, Danmarks Nationalbank's copyright to the banknote and coin designs must be respected.[7][8]

Nincs adat

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COM:CUR Egypt

Egyiptom

   According to Law No. 82 of 2002 on the Protection of Intellectual Property Rights: "[Copyright protection] shall not cover the following: Official documents, whatever their source or target language, such as laws, regulations, resolutions and decisions, international conventions, court decisions, award of arbitrators and decisions of administrative committees having judicial competence."[82/2002 Article 141]

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COM:CUR Estonia

Észtország

Nincs adat

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COM:CUR Ethiopia

Etiópia

   . Ethiopia's copyright law excepts "any official text of a legislative, administrative or of legal nature, as well as official translations thereof".[410/2004 Article 5(b)] The term "official text" does not seem to include banknotes. Note that, as of May 2016, Ethiopia is not a party to the Berne Convention, so Ethiopian banknotes are not protected by US copyright law. However, Commons' policy is that works must be free in both the US and the source country.

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COM:CUR European Union

Európai Unió

Nincs adat

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COM:CUR Finland

Finnország

Nincs adat

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COM:CUR France

Franciaország

   Regarding former French currency (francs), case law states that copyright exists, but is paralysed by the ‘allocation to the general interest and character of public service’ of currency. See, for instance, Cour de Cassation 5 February 2002.[9]

Please use {{Money-FR}}.

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COM:CUR Georgia

Grúzia

Nincs adat

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COM:CUR Germany

Németország

    except for Deutsche Mark bank notes.

  • At present many Commons images of German coins and banknotes use {{PD-GermanGov}}, but this template relies on § 5 Abs. 1 UrhG, which has recently been declared by a low German court (Landgericht) to apply only to text, not images. See discussion at Commons:Village_pump/Copyright/Archive/2012/07#German_currency.
  • Deutsche Bundesbank has confirmed public domain for German DM-banknotes 1949-2001, which is, however, a permission for simple usage only and not solely sufficient) towards Wikipedia.[10]
  • According to the coinciding German copyright literature, works like bank notes, coins and stamps are not to be considered works by the government and are not free.[11] This, however, does not influence above-mentioned permission by Deutsche Bundesbank affecting Deutsche Mark bills (not coins!).
Szöveg beillesztve innen:
COM:CUR Greece

Görögország

    According to the Greek legislation, neither the Bank of Greece not any other Greek authority is competent to provide you or any other interested party with any kind of permission to use the image of the Greek drachmae banknotes. However, without prejudice to the moral right of the designer recognized under Greek law (Law 2121/1993, as in force), there is no legal provision prohibiting the reproduction of drachmae banknotes.

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COM:CUR Hong Kong

Hongkong

Nincs adat

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COM:CUR Hungary

Magyarország

Nincs adat

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COM:CUR Iceland

Izland

Coins designed after December 31, 1949 (current year minus 71 years)

    Copyrights for coins designed after December 31, 1949 are held by the Central Bank of Iceland.

Coins designed before January 1, 1950 (current year minus 70 years)

   Iceland Currency becomes public domain because the Icelandic Copyright law (§49) specifies that images considered to be "works of art" become public domain 70 years after creation. Please use {{Icelandic currency}} for currency designed before January 1, 1950.

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COM:CUR India

India

Nincs adat

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COM:CUR Indonesia

Indonézia

 OK Article 14b of the Indonesian Copyright Act No. 19, 2002 states that "publication and/or reproduction of anything which is published by or on behalf of the Government, except if the Copyright is declared to be protected by law or regulation or by a statement on the work itself or at the time the work is published" is not an "infringement of Copyright". Indonesian banknotes are issued by Bank Indonesia and its predecessor Bank Negara Indonesia, which from 1953 to 1968 was "a corporate body belonging to the state" (Act No.11 of 1953), from 1968 to 1999 "belongs to the state" (Act No.17 of 1968) and from 1999 onwards is "a state institution:, and they thus fall under the aegis of Article 14b.[12]

Please use {{PD-IDGov}} for images of Indonesian currency.

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COM:CUR Iran

Irán

Nincs adat

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COM:CUR Iraq

Irak

Nincs adat

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COM:CUR Ireland

Írország

Nincs adat

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COM:CUR Israel

Izrael

   Israeli currency is copyrighted. According to a statement from the Bank of Israel, reproductions may appear in a catalog, book, research paper,

etc. provided that they do not modify the colors or designs, although a black and white reproduction is allowed. They must be at least 30% larger or smaller than the original, and for commercial use must not include both sides of the note or coin. Finally, the reproductions must credit the Bank of Israel.[13] The complete Law of the Bank of Israel does not specify these conditions.[14] Instead the above "Instructions" paper has detailed them. The effective date of the conditions are not stated.

Please use {{Money-IL}} for images of Israeli currency.

Szöveg beillesztve innen:
COM:CUR Italy

Olaszország

   Regarding former Italian currency (lire), the copyright on the artwork is most likely in the public domain. "Copyright in works created and published under the name and at the expense of the State, shall belong to them".[633/1941 art. 11]

"The duration of the exploitation rights belonging to the State (…) shall be twenty years as from first publication, whatever the form in which publication was effected".[633/1941 art. 29] The last distributed lira (the 500.000 bill) was distributed in the first half of 1997, more than 20 years ago.[15]

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COM:CUR Japan

Japán

 OK The designs of the Japanese banknotes are published as state-issued 'Notifications' which exempt them from copyright protection under Copyright Law of Japan.[16]

{{PD-Japan-exempt}} applies to them. [17]

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COM:CUR Kazakhstan

Kazahsztán

Nincs adat

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COM:CUR Kyrgyzstan

Kirgizisztán

Nincs adat

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COM:CUR Latvia

Lettország

Nincs adat

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COM:CUR Liechtenstein

Liechtenstein

Nincs adat

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COM:CUR Lithuania

Litvánia

Nincs adat

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COM:CUR Macao

Makaó

Nincs adat

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COM:CUR Malaysia

Malajzia

    According to the Bank Negara Malaysia, "You are not allowed to reproduce the Malaysian currency. It is also illegal for you to use any photograph, drawing or design of any note, coin or any part of the note or coin, of any size, scale or colour, in any advertising or on any merchandise or products, which are manufactured, sold, circulated or distributed except with the permission of BNM".[18]

Szöveg beillesztve innen:
COM:CUR Malta

Málta

    There is no copyright exception for Maltese currency or governmental work (see articles 2(1)a, 3(1)a and 6(1) of the Maltese copyright act]). The Bank of Malta makes currency images available for use, but their disclaimer forbids any kind of derivative work, thus making these files impossible to host on Commons.

Szöveg beillesztve innen:
COM:CUR Mexico

Mexikó

    Mexican currency is copyrighted and the reproduction of designs is only permitted by seeking authorisation from the Ministry of Finance (Secretaría de Hacienda y Crédito Público).[19][20]

Coins and banknotes produced before 23 July 1928 entered the public domain before the law changed on 23 July 2003, and remain in the public domain.

Szöveg beillesztve innen:
COM:CUR Moldova

Moldova

   Moldova currency is not copyrighted. Monetary items, together with other state symbols, are explicitly excluded from copyright by article 8 of Law on Copyright and Related Rights of Moldova.

Please use {{PD-MD-exempt}} for Moldova currency images.

Szöveg beillesztve innen:
COM:CUR Mongolia

Mongólia

   : Banknotes are copyrighted, as they do not fall within one of the copyright exemptions in Article 8 of the Law of Mongolia on Copyright and Related Rights (as last amended on January 19, 2006).[2006 Article 8]

Szöveg beillesztve innen:
COM:CUR Mozambique

Mozambik

   . Under Law No. 4/2001 of 27 February 2001 there are no exceptions to copyright protection for works which were already in the public domain. Banknotes are not within the exceptions to copyright. There is a copyright exception for "official texts of a legislative, administrative or judicial nature, or to official translations thereof".[4/2001 Article 5a] Because the exception uses "text", banknotes do not seem to be within the exception.

Copyright protection for collective works, such as banknotes, lasts 70 years under Mozambique law and also under US law, since Mozambique is a party to the Berne Convention. Since that is long before Mozambique gained independence, all Mozambique banknotes are copyrighted. For banknotes that circulated before independence, Portuguese law applies.

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COM:CUR Nepal

Nepál

   : Banknote and coin designs are copyrighted. According to the Copyright Act, 2059 (2002), "Government of Nepal shall have the copyright over the work prepared by Government of Nepal."[8/2002 Section 40]

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COM:CUR Netherlands

Hollandia

   : Guilder banknotes are subject to copyright 70 years after the first publication. De Nederlandsche Bank has been contacted and they state that the introduction of the Euro does not change this.

  Question Guilder coins may be OK to reproduce, since they are subject to Article 15b of the Auteurswet. Works published by or on behalf of the government can be reproduced, unless copyright has been reserved explicitly by the government at the time of publication. However, even if no reservation was made, only the author has the right to have those works published in a collection.[21]

  Not OK National sides of the Euro coins are subject to copyright as well. Although they are subject to Article 15b, an express reservation of rights has been made by the Dutch government.

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COM:CUR New Zealand

Új-Zéland

Nincs adat

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COM:CUR Nigeria

Nigéria

   . There is no copyright exemption for government works. (discussion)

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COM:CUR North Macedonia

Észak-Macedónia

Nincs adat

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COM:CUR Norway

Norvégia

    Norwegian currency is protected by copyright. The Bank of Norway, which administers the rights of the artists, states: "Use of illustrations of Norwegian coins and banknotes must not violate the rights of the authors".

This means, among other things, that the original pattern may not be manipulated. As they are non-derivative, images of Norwegian currency may not be used unless it is in the public domain due to age (70 years after end of year of author's death). When using images of Norwegian currency under fair use rules on other projects, see the Norges Bank Guidelines for the use of Norwegian banknote and coin designs for other conditions that apply, such as size regulations, maximum resolution etc.[22]

Szöveg beillesztve innen:
COM:CUR Pakistan

Pakisztán

    Although certain governments works are exempt from copyright, currency is not one of the exceptions.

Copyright Ordinance, 1962 as amended by Copyright (Amendment) Ordinance, 2000 says,

  • Copyright in a Government work shall, where Government is the first owner of the copyright therein, subsist until 50 years from the beginning of the calendar year next following the year in which the work is first published.[XXXIV/2000 Section 22(1)]
  • The following acts shall not constitute an infringement of copyright, namely: ... the reproduction or publication of any matter which has been published in any official Gazette, or the report of any committee, commission, council, board or other like body appointed by the Government unless the reproduction or publication of such matter or report is prohibited by the Government.[XXXIV/2000 Section 57(q)(i)] Currency does not fall into this definition.
  • See also: Commons:Deletion requests/File:Pakistan commemorative banknote.png.
Szöveg beillesztve innen:
COM:CUR Peru

Peru

    Peruvian currency is not exempted from copyright.[822/1996 Art.9] Law 26714, Article 256, prohibits reproducing bills and coins and distributing them for advertising or similar purposes in such a way as to create confusion or cause the reproductions to be used by third parties as if they were genuine currency[23]

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COM:CUR Philippines

Fülöp-szigetek

   . For reproductions of legal tender notes or metallic copies of legal tender coins.

  . For copies of notes and coins that are no longer legal tender, and for non-metallic reproductions of coins.

No copyright shall subsist in any work of the Government of the Philippines. However, prior approval of the government agency or office wherein the work is created shall be necessary for exploitation of such work for profit.[8293/2015 Section 176.1] The Central Bank of the Philippines prohibits making, distributing or using:

  • Any handbill, advertisement, placard, circular, card, or any other object whatsoever bearing the facsimile, likeness or similitude of any legal tender Philippine currency note, or any part thereof, whether in black and white or any color or combination of colors, without prior authority therefore having been secured from the Governor, BSP or his duly authorized representative.
  • Any object whatsoever bearing the likeness or similitude as to design, color or the inscription thereon of any legal tender Philippine currency coin or any part thereof, in metal form, irrespective of size and metallic composition, without prior authority from the Governor, BSP or his duly authorized representative.[24]
Szöveg beillesztve innen:
COM:CUR Poland

Lengyelország

    Polish National Bank require written permission for reproduction of Polish banknotes and coins of all emissions in physical or electronic form.[25]

Szöveg beillesztve innen:
COM:CUR Qatar

Katar

    (See Commons:Deletion requests/Files in Category:Banknotes of Qatar)

Law No. 7 of 2002 on the Protection of Copyright and Neighboring Rightssays

  • The protection provided by this Law shall not cover the following works ... laws, legal provisions, administrative decisions, international treaties, official documents or any official translation thereof.[7/2002 Article 4(1)]

However, "official documents" seems unlikely to include currency. The Qatar Central Bank states that all content on its site (which includes images of currency) may not be used for commercial purposes without the permission of the bank.[26]

Szöveg beillesztve innen:
COM:CUR Romania

Románia

   Article 9(d) of the Romanian copyright law of March 14, 1996 excludes means of payment from copyright.

Use {{PD-money-Romania}} to tag reproductions of Romanian currency.

Szöveg beillesztve innen:
COM:CUR Russia

Oroszország

   Russian currency is not copyrighted. Monetary items, together with other state symbols, are explicitly excluded from copyright by article 1259(6) of Part IV of the Civil Code of Russia (which covers intellectual property rights). Drafts for such items, however, are copyrighted by their authors. When a public body adopts such a draft and turns it into an official symbol, the resulting official symbol is not copyrighted and may be reproduced without mentioning the original author(s) of the draft. (See article 1264.)

Monetary items were already excluded from copyright in the 1993 legislation, which was in effect until the end of 2007. See article 8 of the 1993 law, as amended in 2004.

Please use {{PD-RU-exempt}} for images of Russian currency.

Szöveg beillesztve innen:
COM:CUR Serbia

Szerbia

   template:PD-SerbiaGov

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COM:CUR Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone

   : Government works are copyrighted.[8/2011 Section 8]

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COM:CUR Singapore

Szingapúr

  Not OK. The copyright in the designs of banknotes and coins is held by the Government of Singapore. The designs may be regarded either as engravings, or as artistic works other than engravings or photographs, made by or under the direction or control of the Government, and under the Copyright Act (Cap. 63, 2006 Rev. Ed.):

  • an engraving enters the public domain after 70 years have passed since the end of the calendar year in which the work was first published; and
  • an artistic work other than an engraving or a photograph enters the public domain after 70 years have passed since the end of the calendar year in which the work was made.
Szöveg beillesztve innen:
COM:CUR Slovakia

Szlovákia

   . The Slovak National Bank does not provide information about copyright on images of currency.[27]

Some third parties, such as shops, have been granted permission to deal with Slovakian currency.[28]

Slovakia has used the Euro since 2009. See COM:CRT/European Union Currency for more information.

Szöveg beillesztve innen:
COM:CUR Slovenia

Szlovénia

   : The copyright on the design of the tolar and other obsolete currencies as well as the national sides of the euro coins is held by the Bank of Slovenia.

Slovenia has used the Euro since 1 January 2007. See COM:CRT/European Union: Currency for more information.

Nincs adat

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COM:CUR South Korea

Dél-Korea

Nincs adat

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COM:CUR Soviet Union

Szovjetunió

Nincs adat

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COM:CUR Spain

Spanyolország

  : Regarding former Spanish national currency, the pesetas, there is "no significant jurisprudence on the application of copyright to banknotes" per 1999 Report on the Legal Protection of Banknotes in the European Union Member States. Additionally, there is "no use of the copyright symbol: © on Spanish banknotes". The rules for reproduction of pesetas only have provisions for advertising purposes. Reproductions for teaching materials in particular do not require the authorisation of the Bank of Spain.[29]

{{PD-SpanishGov-money}} can be used to tag images of Spanish pesetas.

Spain has used the Euro since 1 January 2002. See COM:CRT/European Union:Currency for Euro banknotes and the shared side of Euro coins.

    for the national side of Euro coins.

Szöveg beillesztve innen:
COM:CUR Sri Lanka

Srí Lanka

    The government works that are excepted from copyright are only "any official text of a legislative, administrative or legal nature, as well as any official translation thereof" (Intellectual Property Act, No. 36 of 2003, at Section 8B), so it is assumed that banknotes and coins are protected and not appropriate for Commons.

Szöveg beillesztve innen:
COM:CUR Sudan

Szudán

  •   : Banknote designs before 18 December 1996
  •   Unclear: Banknote designs on or after 18 December 1996

Sudan's first copyright law entered into force on 18 December 1996 and did not extend protection to works already in the public domain. Banknotes issued before this date are therefore in the public domain in Sudan. Because these banknotes were in the public domain in Sudan before it joined the Berne Convention (28 December 2000), they are also in the public domain in the United States and may be uploaded to Commons.

The status of banknote designs released after 18 December 1996 is unclear. Under Sudanese copyright law, "official documents" are in the public domain, but banknotes may not fall under the definition of "official documents". If that definition does not include banknotes, then banknotes will be protected for 50 years after the death of the last contributing author.

Szöveg beillesztve innen:
COM:CUR Sweden

Svédország

  Not OK Currency may be protected by copyright in Sweden. Riksbanken advices that the original authors of the works used on banknotes and coins may decide to sue if they feel their moral rights have been violated (which may mean the economic rights are not an issue for Swedish currency).

There were undecided lawsuits on the matter at the time of the deletion request. Riksbanken itself seems not to have any claims. On the issue of counterfeit Riksbanken cites the Euro instructions as probably sufficient safeguards.[30]

Szöveg beillesztve innen:
COM:CUR Switzerland

Svájc

  : Currency is not covered by copyright in Switzerland. Article 5(1)(b) of the Swiss copyright law from 1993 on works not subject to copyright explicitly excludes monetary items from copyright.

Reproduction of banknotes that may be confused with genuine bills is prohibited by article 243 of the Swiss Penal Code.[31] The Swiss National Bank has issued guidelines on how to reproduce banknotes in a way they believe are permissible.[32] Printing "Specimen" across the image and not reproducing the bills at their true size or in their true colors are recommendations.

{{PD-Switzerland-official}} can be used to tag images of Swiss currency.

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COM:CUR Syria

Szíria

   . Syrian banknotes and coins are likely to be protected by copyright. The 2001 copyright law of Syria does not explicitly exempt the designs of banknotes and coins, only official documents and administrative decisions. In 2013, Syrian copyright law was substantially changed with the repeal of the 2001 copyright law. However, there does not appear to be any changes to the protection of banknotes or coins.[62/2013 Art. 4]

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COM:CUR Taiwan

Kínai Köztársaság

Nincs adat

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COM:CUR Tajikistan

Tádzsikisztán

  . Under the the Law on Copyright and Related Rights (as amended up to 2009), Tajikistan currency is not copyrighted. Monetary items, together with other state symbols, are explicitly excluded from copyright.[2009 Article 7]

Please use {{PD-TJ-exempt}} for Tajikistan currency images.

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COM:CUR Thailand

Thaiföld

   : Reproduction of banknote images requires a permission from the Bank of Thailand.[33]

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COM:CUR Turkey

Törökország

  : Electronic reproductions of banknotes and coins are permitted by the Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey, under the following conditions:[34][35]

  • They must not exceed 72 dpi (dots per inch); and
  • The expression “ÖRNEKTIR GEÇMEZ” or “SPECIMEN” must be printed diagonally across the reproduction in Arial font or a font similar to Arial font. The length of the expression “ÖRNEKTIR GEÇMEZ” or “SPECIMEN” must be at least 75 percent of the length of reproduction, and the height thereof must be at least 15 percent of the width of the reproduction. The characters must be written in a non-transparent (opaque) color contrasting with the dominant color of the respective banknote. In two-sided reproductions, the abovementioned expression must be printed on both sides.
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COM:CUR Turkmenistan

Türkmenisztán

Nincs adat

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COM:CUR Uganda

Uganda

   . Bank of Uganda owns the copyright in its banknotes and coins. Under section 120(373) of the Penal Code, it is a criminal offence for any person to reproduce banknotes or coins to any degree without the prior consent in writing of the Bank of Uganda.

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COM:CUR Ukraine

Ukrajna

   Ukrainian currency is not copyrighted. Monetary items, together with other state symbols, are explicitly excluded from copyright by article 10 of Copyright law of Ukraine.[3792-XII/199-2017 Art.10(e)]

Please use {{PD-UA-exempt}} for Ukrainian currency images.

Nincs adat

Nincs adat

Nincs adat

Szöveg beillesztve innen:
COM:CUR Uruguay

Uruguay

   .

The Central Bank of Uruguay exclusively issues bank notes and mints coins throughout Uruguay.[36] State, municipality and public-law entities are holders of copyright, where, in any mode recognized by law, they acquire ownership of one of the works protected by the copyright law. State works have perpetual copyright.[18.046/2006 Article 40]

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COM:CUR Uzbekistan

Üzbegisztán

   Uzbekistan currency is not copyrighted. Monetary items, together with other state symbols, are explicitly excluded from copyright by article 8 of Copyright law of Uzbekistan.[LRU-476/2018 Article 8] Drafts for such items, however, are copyrighted by their authors.[LRU-476/2018 Article 9]

Please use {{PD-UZ-exempt}} for Uzbekistan currency images.

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COM:CUR Vietnam

Vietnám

   . Banknotes and coins are not exempted from copyright law. Furthermore, duplication of Vietnamese banknotes or coins without the written consent of the State Bank is prohibited by an order of the Prime Minister in June 2003 (article 3).[37]

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COM:CUR Zambia

Zambia

    Banknotes and coins are not exempted from copyright, and are assumed to be treated normally as works produced by government employees. According to the Copyright and Performance Rights Act 1994, the copyright on works made by government employees is held by the government, and the expiration of the protection is 50 years after the first publication of the work.[1994-2010 Section 12(2)]

Jegyzetek

Some citation text may not have been transcluded

  1. Rulesforuse.org – Central Bank Counterfeit Deterrence Group – sok (de nem mindegyik) pénznemről tartalmaz a reprodukcióval kapcsolatos szabályokat
  2. Banknotes and Coins. Centrale Bank van Aruba (2018). Retrieved on 2018-12-03.
  3. Statute Law of The Bahamas - Chapter 351- Central Bank of the Bahamas (2010).
  4. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named NBBrepro
  5. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named BNBrules
  6. a b Lineamientos para uso de imágenes​​. Banco Central de Costa Rica. Retrieved on 2019-01-18.
  7. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named DNBrepro
  8. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named WikiDNBinquiry
  9. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Alric
  10. Geldscheinsammlung (in German). Deutsche Bundesbank. Retrieved on 2019-03-26.
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  15. Seduta della Commissione V BILANCIO, TESORO E PROGRAMMAZIONE (1996-09-18). Retrieved on 9 december 2017.
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  17. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named MinFin76-1984
  18. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named BNMCurr
  19. Reproduction of images of bills and coins (in Spanish). Banco de México.
  20. Ley Monetaria de Los Estados Unidos Mexicanos (in Spanish). Cámara de Diputados.
  21. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Spoor2005
  22. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named NorgesBank
  23. Ley N° 26714 Modifícase los artículos 252° a 258° y 261° del Código Penal (Counterfeit currency offences) (in Spanish) (1996).
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  36. Billetes y Monedas. Banco Central del Uruguay. Retrieved on 2019-01-22.
  37. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Dec130-2003