A República de Cabo Verde é um país africano constituído por dez ilhas. Este arquipélago está localizado no Oceano Atlântico, 6 40 km a oeste de Dacar, Senegal. Outros vizinhos próximos do país são a Mauritânia, a Gâmbia e a Guiné-Bissau, ou seja, todos na faixa costeira ocidental da África que vai do Cabo Branco às ilhas Bijagós. Foi descoberto por Portugal no século XV e é um arquipélago de origem vulcânica.
The Republic of Cape Verde is a republic located on an archipelago in the Macaronesia ecoregion of the North Atlantic Ocean, off the western coast of Africa. The previously uninhabited islands were discovered and colonized by the Portuguese in the 15th century. The country is named after Cap-Vert (meaning Green Cape), in ► Senegal, the westernmost point of continental Africa.
Boundaries of Cape Verde's Exclusive Economic Zone
This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day Cape Verde, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day Cape Verde.
In 1450 the Cape Verde Islands are discovered by the Venetian explorer Alvise Cadamosto. The islands are claimed by Portugal in 1460 and in 1495 Portugal establishes the colony of the Cape Verde Islands. Between 1836 and 1879 the colony is united with Portuguese Guinea. In 1951 the colony is restyled as an overseas province. After a long liberation war (in Guinea Bissau) and the revolution in Portugal in 1975 the Cape Verde Islands become independent as the Republic of Cape Verde.
Notes and references
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