La République de Guinée, parfois appelée Guinée Conakry, est un pays du nord-ouest de l'Afrique. La Guinée se trouve sur la côte atlantique de l’Afrique de l'Ouest et est entourée de la Guinée-Bissau (386 km de frontières), du Sénégal (330 km), du Mali (858 km), de la Côte d'Ivoire (610 km) du Liberia (563 km) et de la Sierra Leone (652 km) et de l'océan Atlantique.
Gine- République de Guinée Gine ko leydi e Afirik Hirnaangeeri. Hindi kernidi e leyɗe ɗee ɗoo: Saralon, Liiberiyaa, Koddiwaar, Maali, Senegal e Gine-Bisaawo. Noone laamu mayri ko repibilik, e maanaa laamu renndaangu. Hooreejo leydi ndin ko Lansana Konte innetee, Hooreejo guwerneman maa Premier Ministre on ko Lansana Kouyate gila lewru fabraa'ilu 2007.
The Republic of Guinea is a nation in West Africa, formerly known as French Guinea. Roughly a crooked finger pointing downward, the country could be said to begin at the Atlantic ocean, travel inland and then south. Guinea's land borders ► Guinea-Bissau and ► Senegal to the north, ► Mali on the north and north-east. The inland tip of that south-pointing finger borders the ► Côte d'Ivoire on the south-east, ► Liberia on the south, and ► Sierra Leone to the west of the finger's southern reach (see map.) Its territory encompasses the water source for the Niger, Senegal, and Gambia rivers, with a coastline facing the Atlantic Ocean.
This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day Guinea, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day Guinea.
The land today's Guinea occupies has been part of a series of empires, beginning with the Ghana Empire which came into being c. 900. This was followed by the Sosso kingdom in the 12th and 13th centuries.
The area is part of the Mali Empire (see map) from 1235 until 1546.
This is followed by the Songhai Empire (see map) until the seventeenth century. in the 15th and 16th century. In 1776 large parts of the area are united in the Fulbe State.
In 1849 France starts establishing colonies at the coast of Guinea. From 1882 on France captures Fulbe and the region becomes part of its colony of Senegal. In 1892 a seperate colony of French-Guinea is formed and French domination is assured by the defeat in 1898 of the armies of Almamy Samory Touré, warlord and leader of Malinke descent, which gives France control of Guinea and adjacent areas. French-Guinea becomes in 1904 a constituent part of French West Africa (see map). Inside French West Africa French-Guinea becomes in 1946 a overseas territory.
After the dissolution of French West Africa in 1958, French Guinea becomes independent as the Republic of Guinea.
Notes and references
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