Last modified on 1 June 2014, at 03:52

Atlas of Algeria

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LocationAlgeria.svg
Algeria

Flag of Algeria.svg

الجزائر
Lz̦ayer
Dzayer
Algérie

العربية [1]الجزائر - الجمهورية الجزائرية الديمقراطية الشعبية

'الجمهورية الجزائرية الديمقراطية الشعبية هي دولة تقع في شمال القارة الأفريقية، يحدها شمالاً البحر الأبيض المتوسط، وغربا المملكة المغربية وفي الجنوب الغربي الصحراء الغربية، موريتانيا ومالي وفي الجنوب الشرقي النيجر وشرقا ليبيا و في الشمال الشرقي تونس وعاصمتها الجزائر تقع في أقصى الشمال ، العملة المتداولة هي الدينار الجزائري، وأكبر مدنها الجزائر، وهران و قسنطينة.

الجزائر هي عضو مؤسس في منظمة المغرب العربي سنة 1988، عضو في جامعة الدول العربية و منظمة الأمم المتحدة منذ استقلالها، عضو في منظمة الوحدة الأفريقية و العديد من المؤسسات العالمية و الأقليمية.

من حيث مساحتها الجزائر هي أكبر بلد أفريقي و عربي العاشر في العالم.تضم المنطقة الشمالية التي تمتد من سلسلة جبال الأطلس إلى البحر 94% من مجموع السكان.

أرض الجزائر عبارة عن صحراء واسعة، وثمة سهل ساحلي في الشمال على امتداد المتوسط، وجبال أهمها سلاسل أطلس التل، وهي بموازاة السهل الساحلي، وجبال أطلس الصحراء باتجاه الجنوب، وفيها أعلى قمة في الجزائر وهي قمة تاهات وارتفاعها 3,303 م، وثمة جبال القبائل والأوراس وأولاد نايل والزاب. ليس في البلاد أنهار دائمة الجريان، وإنما هي أودية تمتلىء بالمياه في الشتاء، ثم تنضب لتتحول إلى مراعٍ خصبة أو لتصير أحواضا مغلقة تعرف باسم الشطوط وأهمها شط الحضنة وملفيغ، وتتكوّن من صحار رملية (العرق) وحجرية (جمادة). والفوسفات والزيوت والتمور والفواكه والخ

Tamazight Lz̦ayer
Taqbaylit Dzayer, isem unṣib: Tagduda tamegdayt taɣerfant n dzayer, d tamurt tezga-d deg Tefriqt ugafa. Imezdaɣ-is ttmeslayen taɛrabt, tamaziɣt (taqbaylit, tacawit, Tumẓabt, tamaceq, heqbaylit) d trumit. Tutlayt tunṣibt ines d taɛrabt, ddin unṣib ines lislam.
Français Algérie - République algérienne démocratique et populaire

La République algérienne démocratique et populaire est un pays d’Afrique du Nord appartenant au Maghreb. Sa capitale Alger est située à l’extrême nord du pays. Deuxième pays d’Afrique par sa superficie, l’Algérie est bordée au nord par la mer Méditerranée, elle partage également des frontières terrestres avec la Tunisie au nord-est, la Libye à l’est, le Niger au sud-est, le Sahara occidental, la Mauritanie, le Mali au sud-ouest, et enfin le Maroc à l’ouest.

English Algeria - People's Democratic Republic of Algeria

The People's Democratic Republic of Algeria is the largest country on the African continent. It is bordered by ► Tunisia in the north east, ► Libya in the east, ► Niger in the southeast, ► Mali and ► Mauritania in the south west, and ► Morocco as well as a few kilometers of the ► Western Sahara, in the west. Constitutionally, it is defined as an Islamic, Arab, and Amazigh (Berber) country. The name Algeria is derived from the name of the city of Algiers (French Alger), from the Arabic word al-jazā’ir, which translates as the islands, referring to the four islands which lay off the city's coast until becoming part of the mainland in 1525.


Short name  Algeria
Official  name People's Democratic Republic of Algeria
Status Independent country since 1962
Location North West Africa
Capital [2]الجزائر (Algiers)
Lz̦ayer
Alger
Population 32,930,091 inhabitants
Area 2,381,741 km²
Major  languages Arabic (official), Tamazight, French
Major  religions Islam
More information Algeria, Geography of Algeria, History of Algeria and Politics of Algeria
More  images Algeria - Algeria (Category).

In Arabic

General maps

LocationAlgeria.png موقع الجزائر
Location of Algeria

Localisation de l'Algérie
Ag-map.png خريطة الجزائر
Map of Algeria
Carte de l'Algérie
Algeria map Arabic.png خريطة الجزائر (بالعربي)
Map of Algeria (in Arabic)
Carte de l'Algérie (en arabe)
Algeria map-FR.png خريطة الجزائر (بالفرنسي)
Map of Algeria (in French)
Carte de l'Algérie
Algeria Map.jpg خريطة الجزائر الجغرافية
Geographical map of Algeria
Carte géographique de l'Algérie
Carte de l’Algérie.jpg خريطة الجزائر الجغرافية
same map in French
Même carte en français
Algeria provinces english.png ولايات الجزائر
Provinces of Algeria
Les Wilayas d'Algérie
Algeria provinces arabic.png Divisions in provinces (in Arabic)
Les Wilayas d'Algérie (en arabe)

History maps

This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day Algeria, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day Algeria.

Iberomaurisiense-Capsiense.png The Ibero-Mauritan culture (appr. 10.000 BCE) and the Capsian culture (10.000-6.000 BCE)
La culture ibéromaurusienne
CarthageMap.png Location of Carthage and Carthaginian influence sphere before the First Punic War (264 BC)
Localisation de Carthage et la sphère d'influence carthagienne avant la Première Guerre punique
Roman expansion 264 BC Shepherd.jpg Territorial development of the Roman Empire 264 BC-192, including the conquest of present Algeria
Développement territoriale de l'Empire romain 264 AC-192
Map of Rome and Carthage at the start of the Second Punic War.svg The Roman Republic and Carthago in 218, just prior to the Second Punic War
La fr:République Romain et Carthage, 218
Hannibal route of invasion.gif Hannibals invasion in the Punic Wars
Roman Empire.png The extent of the Roman Republic and Roman Empire;
   133 BC
   44 BC (late Republic, after conquests by republican generals)
   AD 14 (death of Augustus)
   117 (maximum extension)
Romia Imperio.png Map of the Roman Empire in 116
Roman empire.png Roman Empire in 117
Africae romanae Urbes.jpg Africa romana end of IInd century
Roman empire 395.jpg Roman Empire divided 395
Theodosius I's empire.png The division of the Empire after the death of Theodosius I, ca.395 AD superimposed on modern borders.
Extent of Western Roman Empire 395.png Western Roman Empire 395
Invasions of the Roman Empire 1.png Invasions of the Roman Empire 100-500
Karte völkerwanderung.jpg Invasions of the Roman Empire 100-500
Vandals 455.jpg Kingdom of the Vandals and Alans in 455
Vandal alan kingdom 526.png Kingdom of the Vandals and Alans in 526
Age of Caliphs.png Age of the Caliphs
Califate 750.jpg Caliphate around 750
Ottoman small animation.gif Conquest by the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman empire 1481-1683.jpg Growth of the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman 1683.png Location of the Ottoman Empire in 1683
OttomanEmpire1801.jpg Map of the Ottoman Empire 1801
131Etendue de l'Empire Français.png Algeria as part of the French colonial empire (1830-1962)
Algeria departments 1974-1983.png Division in Departments 1974-1983
Algeria elections 91 by province.svg Algerian National Assembly elections, 1991
Algerian massacres 1997-1998.png Algerian massacres 1997-1998

Old maps

This section holds copies of original general maps more than 70 years old.

CartedelaKabylie.jpg Kabylie region
Dep-fr-Constantine 1848-1955.jpg The french departement of Constantine 1848-1955

Ethno-linguistic maps

Algeria tribes.jpg Tribes of Algeria
Berber-map.png Berber language map
Grandes-aires-linguistiques-berbères-v2.png Various Berber languages
Berbers.png Distributions of Berbers in Algeria. Light purple : Chenwis; Red : Kabyles; Green : Chawis; Orange : Saharian Berbers (Zenagas, Mozabites, Siwis) and Dark Blue : Tuaregs
Berber as percentage of total popn Algeria 1966.jpeg Berber linguistic map
Aires linguistiques du nord-est algérien.svg French map of linguistic areas in North-Eastern Algeria
Kabyle-speaking-map.jpg Kabyle linguistic map

Other maps

01 GM Algerian National Parks.png National Parks in Algeria
Régions militaires-Algérie.jpg Military regions

</gallery>

Satellite maps

Satellite image of Algeria in April 2002.jpg Satellite map
Algeria sat.jpg Satellite map

Notes and references

General remarks:

  • The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
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  • Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
  • The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
  • The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.
  1. Romanization: al-Jazā’ir - Al-Jumhurīyah al-Jazā’irīyah ad-Dīmuqrāṭīyah ash-Sha’bīyah.
  2. Romanization: Al Jaz'ir.

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