Atlas of the Ottoman Empire

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OttomanEmpireIn1683.png
Ottoman Empire
Flag of the Ottoman Empire.svg

Ottoman flag (1844-1923)

Ottoman Empire
English Ottoman Empire

The Ottoman Empire or Ottoman State was an empire that lasted from 1299 to November 1, 1922. It was succeeded by the Republic of Turkey, which was officially proclaimed on October 29, 1923.

At the height of its power (16th–17th century), it spanned three continents, controlling much of Southeastern Europe, Western Asia and North Africa. The Ottoman Empire contained 29 provinces and numerous vassal states, some of which were later absorbed into the empire, while others were granted various types of autonomy during the course of centuries. The empire also temporarily gained authority over distant overseas lands through declarations of allegiance to the Ottoman Sultan and Caliph, such as the declaration by the Sultan of Aceh in 1565; or through the temporary acquisitions of islands in the Atlantic Ocean, such as Lanzarote in 1585.

The empire was at the center of interactions between the Eastern and Western worlds for six centuries. With Constantinople as its capital city, and vast control of lands around the eastern Mediterranean during the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent (ruled 1520 to 1566), the Ottoman Empire was, in many respects, an Islamic successor to the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire.


Short name Ottoman Empire
Official name(s) Sublime Ottoman State
Status 1299 - 1922
Location Asia, Africa and Europe
Capital Söğüt (1302–1326), Bursa (1326–1365), Edirne (1365–1453), Constantinople (1453–1922)
Major language(s)
Major religion(s) Sunni Islam
More information Ottoman Empire.
More images Ottoman Empire - Ottoman Empire (Category).

History in maps

This section holds a short summary of the history[1], illustrated with maps.

Ottoman small animation.gif Growth of the Ottoman Empire
Eastern Mediterranean 1450 .svg Eastern Mediterranean in 1450
Ottoman Empire 16-17th century.jpg Map of the Ottoman Empire 16th/17th century
OttomanEmpireIn1683.png Location of the Ottoman Empire in 1683
Ottoman empire.svg Ottoman Empire territorial gains until 1683
Naher Osten historisch - Osmanisches Reich 1830-1923.gif Animation of the Ottoman Empire 1830-1923
Armenien 1914.png Armenia in 1914

Old maps

This section holds copies of original general maps older than 70 years of this entry.

Rise (1299–1453)

South-eastern Europe 1340.jpg Map of south-eastern Europe ca. 1340 AD.
Meyers b15 s0924a.jpg Development of the European part of the Ottoman Empire

Growth (1453–1683)

[[|border|251x400px]] Map of the Ottoman Empire 1566
Ottoman empire 1481-1683.jpg Growth of the Ottoman Empire

Stagnation and reform (1683–1827)

Homann Imperium Turcium.jpg Imperium Turcium (Osmanisches Reich), c. 1700
OttomanEmpire1801.jpg Map of the Ottoman Empire 1801

Decline and modernization (1828–1908)

Dissolution (1908–1922)

Balkans1912.jpg Balkans after 1856

References

  1. The text of the summary of the history is mainly based on the text in Wikipedia.


Notes and references

General remarks:

  • The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
  • Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
  • Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
  • The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
  • The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.

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Last modified on 9 October 2013, at 19:00