Atlas of Russia

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Russia

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Россия

Русский Россия - Российская Федерация[1]

Российская Федерация (Россия) — государство, занимающее основную часть Восточной Европы и северную часть Азии. Россия является самым большим государством в Европе и в мире, её площадь составляет 17,075 млн км², что почти вдвое больше, чем у занимающей второе место Канады.

English Russia - Russian Federation

The Russian Federation is a country that stretches over a vast expanse of Eurasia. With an area of 17,075,400 square kilometres, Russia is the largest country in the world by land mass, and covers almost twice the territory of the next-largest country, Canada. It has the world's eighth largest population. Russia shares land borders with the following countries (counter-clockwise from NW to SE): ► Norway, ► Finland, ► Estonia, ► Latvia, ► Lithuania, ► Poland, ► Belarus, ► Ukraine, ► Georgia (with ► Abkhazia and ► South Ossetia), ► Azerbaijan, ► Kazakhstan, ► China (with ► Xinjiang), ► Mongolia, and ► North Korea. It is also close to the ► United States and ► Japan across relatively small stretches of water. The Russian Federation is divided into federal subjects, 21 of them being (autonomous) republics: ► Adygea, ► Altai, ► Bashkortostan, ► Buryatia, ► Chechnya, ► Chuvashia, ► Dagestan, ► Ingushetia, ► Kabardino-Balkaria, ► Kalmykia, ► Karachay-Cherkessia, ► Karelia, ► Khakassia, ► Komi, ► Mari El, ► Mordovia, ► Sakha, ► North Ossetia-Alania, ► Tatarstan, ► Tuva, and ► Udmurtia


Short name  Russia
Official  name Russian Federation
Status Independent country since 1991, earlier statehood between 14th century and 1922
Location Eastern Europe and North Asia
Capital Москва[2] (Moscow)
Population 143,120,000 inhabitants
Area 17,075,400 km²
Major  languages Russian (official); 30 others co-official in particular regions
Major  religions Russian Orthodoxy
More information Russia, Geography of Russia, History of Russia and Politics of Russia
More  images Russia - Russia (Category).

General maps

Russland-Pos.png Russia
Rs-map.png Map of Russia
Blank map of Russia-geoloc.svg Blank SVG map
Map of Russia-fr.svg SVG map in french
Rus eco reg.jpg Economic regions of the Russian Federation
Russland topo.png Topographic map

Maps of divisions

This section holds maps of the administrative divisions.

Map of Russian subjects, 2008-03-01.svg Blank map of Federal Subjects as of 2008.03.01
Russia-Subdivisions.png Map of Federal Subjects
Russian-regions.png Map of Federal subjects
Federal subjects of Russia (by number).png Map of Federal Subjects
Map of Russian subjects by type, 2008-03-01.svg Map of Federal Subjects
Russian Subjects merged.png Map of Russian subjects, that have or will merge
Republics of Russia
Republics of Russia.png Republics of Russia
Autonomous Okrugs of Russia
Krais of Russia
Oblasts of Russia
Oblasts of Russia.png
Русский: Области России
English: Oblasts of Russia
Autonomous oblasts of Russia
Raions of Russia

History maps

This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day Russia, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day Russia.

General history
IE expansion.png Kurgan hypothesis: South Russia and Eastern Ukraine as the urheimat of Indo-European peoples
Scythia-Parthia 100 BC.png Map of Scythia 100 BC
Muromian-map.png An approximative map of the cultures in European Russia at the arrival of the Varangians
Gokturkut.png Map of the Western (purple) and Eastern (blue) Gokturk khaganates at their height, c. 600 CE. Lighter areas show direct rule; darker areas show spheres of influence.
Pontic steppe region around 650 AD.png Development of Khazaria
Khazar1.png
Khazarfall.png Fall of Khazaria and rise of Kievan Rus
Khazarfall1.png
Viking expansion.png Map showing Scandinavian settlement in the eighth (dark red), ninth (red), tenth (orange) and eleventh (yellow) centuries. Areas denoted in green are those affected by frequent viking incursions but with little or no Scandinavian settlement.
History of Russia, IX-XV c.jpg Russia 9th-14th Century (Russian)
Kievan Rus en.jpg Kievan Rus' was formed around 884 in an area that comprises now parts of Ukraine, Belarus and Russia.
Ancient Rus.PNG
Early Rus.png Early Rus'
Varangian routes.png Varangian routes
Kievska rus 9th century.png Kievan Rus 9th Century
Kievska rus 11th century.png Kievan Rus 11th Century
Rus-1015-1113.png Kievan Rus 1015-1113(in Russian)
Rus-1113-1194.png Kievan Rus 1113-1194 (in Russian)
Genghis khan empire at his death.png Empire of Genghis Khan at his death in 1227
Mongol Empire map.gif Map showing changes in borders of the Mongol Empire from founding by Genghis Khan in 1206, Genghis Khan's death in 1227 to the rule of Kublai Khan (1260–1294). (Uses modern day borders)
   Mongol Empire

By 1294 the empire had split into:

   Empire of the Great Khan (Yuan Dynasty)
History of Russia, IX-XV c.jpg Various states in Russia (in Russian)
Russian lands to 1250.jpg Various states in Russia around 1250
VolgaBulgaria.jpg Volga Bulgaria between 7th and 13th century
Grossfuerstentum Moskau.jpg Development of Muscovy (in German)
History of Russia, 1598-1682.jpg Development of Muscovy (in Russian)
History of Russia, 1598-1682.jpg Russia 1598-1682 (Russian)
History of Russia, 1682-1762.jpg Russia 1682-1762 (Russian)
Imperio Ruso.PNG The Russian Empire in 1866 (including Alaska)
LocationRussianEmpire1914.png The Russian Empire in 1914
Meyers b14 s0080a.jpg History of the Russian Empire (in German)
Russian civil war West 1918-20.png Russian Civil War
PBW March 1919.png Polish-Bolshevik War March 1919
PBW December 1919.png December 1919
PBW June 1920.png June 1920
PBW August 1920.png August 1920
Rzeczpospolita 1922.png Borders after treaty of Riga
LocationUSSR.png After the Russian Revolution, the former Russian Empire was continued by the Soviet Union. For more maps, see Atlas of the Soviet Union. Russia becomes a separate country again in 1990.
Lokot republic map.png Lokot Autonomy (Lokot Republic) map, 1941-1943
Kurilenkonflikt.png Kuril Islands conflict
Demis-kurils-russian names.png Kuril Islands
Former autonomous subdivisions of Russia

Old maps

This section holds copies of original general maps older than 70 years of this entry.

Europäisches russland.jpg European Russia (in German)
Imperial Russia - Europe.jpg European Russia (in Russian)
Russia ethnic.JPG Ethnic map of European Russia (in French)
Imperial Russia - Asia.jpg Asiatic Russia (in Russian)

Other maps

RussianLanguageMap.png Russian language
RussiaTime.png Time zones
Russia license plates.png Russian licence plates
Trans siberian railroad large.png Trans-Siberian railway
Flag-map of Russia.svg Map of Russia in the colors of the Flag of Russia.

Notes and references

General remarks:

  • The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
  • Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
  • Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
  • The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
  • The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.
  1. Romanization of Russian according to the BGN/PCGN standard: Rossiya - Rossiyskaya Federatsiya. Another used romanization is the ISO 9 standard.
  2. Romanization of Russian according to the BGN/PCGN standard: Moskva. Another used romanization is the ISO 9 standard.

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Former dependencies and overseas territories
Netherlands Antilles

Last modified on 24 December 2013, at 10:34