Last modified on 22 January 2012, at 16:03

Atlas of the Byzantine Empire

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Byzantine Empire
Flag of Palaeologus Dynasty.svg
Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων
Ελληνικά Βυζαντινή αυτοκρατορία / Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων[1]

Με τον όρο Βυζαντινή Αυτοκρατορία ή Βυζάντιο, αναφερόμαστε καταρχάς, στη Χριστιανική Αυτοκρατορία της Ρωμαϊκής Ανατολής ως κληρονόμο του γεωγραφικού χώρου της Ρωμαϊκής αυτοκρατορίας, με χρονικά όρια που ξεκινούν από τα επίσημα εγκαίνια της Κωνσταντινούπολης στις 11 Μαΐου του 330 (ή από τη θεμελίωση της στις 8 Νοεμβρίου του 324) και φτάνουν ως την τελική της πτώση, την άλωση δηλαδή από τους Τούρκους, στις 29 Μαΐου του 1453.

English Byzantine Empire

The Byzantine Empire is the term conventionally used since the 19th century to describe the Greek-speaking Roman Empire of the Middle Ages, centered around its capital of Constantinople. In certain specific contexts, usually referring to the time before the fall of the Western Roman Empire, it is also often referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire. To its inhabitants, the Empire was simply the Roman Empire and its emperors continued the unbroken succession of Roman emperors.


Short name Byzantine Empire
Official name(s) Roman Empire
Status Independent country between 476 and 1453
Location South East Europe, the Middle East and North Africa
Capital Κωνσταντινούπολη[2] (Constantinople)
Major language(s) Greek
Major religion(s) Christianity, later Eastern Orthodoxy
More information Byzantine Empire.
More images Byzantine Empire - Byzantine Empire (Category).

History in maps

This section holds a short summary of the history[3], illustrated with maps.

Roman empire 395.jpg Roman Empire divided 395, showing the dioceses and praetorian prefectures of Gaul, Italy, Illyricum and Oriens (east), roughly analogous to the four Tetrarch zones of influence after Diocletian's reforms.
Theodosius I's empire.png The division of the Empire after the death of Theodosius I, ca.395 AD superimposed on modern borders.
Invasions of the Roman Empire 1.png Invasions of the Roman Empire 100-500
Karte völkerwanderung.jpg Invasions of the Roman Empire 100-500
Rome406.jpeg Division of the Roman Empire in 406
628px-Western and Eastern Roman Empires 476AD(3).PNG Eastern Roman Empire and Western Roman Empire, c.476
EasternRomanEmpire.png Eastern Roman Empire
Justinien 527-565.svg Eastern Roman Empire under emperor Justinianus
Justinian Byzanz.png Eastern Roman Empire under emperor Justinianus
Byzantine Empire animated.gif Map of the changes in borders of the Byzantine Empire
Byzantium550.png Byzantine Empire 550
ByzantineEmpire717AD.png The Byzantine Empire at the accession of Leo III, c. 717
ByzantineEmpire867AD3.PNG The Byzantine Empire at the accession of Basil I, c. 867
Droysen - Oströmisches Reich.jpg The Byzantine Empire with depictions of events to about 1018
Byzantine Empire Themes 1025-en.svg The Byzantine Empire and its provinces at the death of Basil II, 1025
Map Byzantine Empire 1025-en.svg Byzantine Empire 1025
Byzantium1081AD.PNG The Byzantine Empire at the accession of Alexios I Komnenos, c. 1081
Manuel'sEmpire.png Byzantine Empire 1180
Byzantium1204.png The Byzantine Empire in 1204 A.D. was divided into the Empire of Nicaea, the Empire of Trebizond and the Despotate of Epirus
LatinEmpire.png Map to show the partition of the empire following the Fourth Crusade, c.1204.
Epir1205-1230.png The despotate of Epirus from 1205 to 1230
Epiro1230-1251.png The despotate of Epirus from 1230 to 1251
ShepherdByzempire1265.jpg The Byzantine Empire in 1265 (William R. Shepherd, Historical Atlas, 1911).
ByzantineEmpire1265.svg Byzantine Empire in 1265
Epir1252-1315.png The despotate of Epirus from 1252 to 1315
Epir1315-1358.png The despotate of Epirus from 1315 to 1358
Byzantine empire 1355.jpg Byzantine Empire in 1355
Byzantium1400.png Byzantine Empire 1400

Notes and references

General remarks:

  • The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
  • Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
  • Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
  • The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
  • The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.
  1. Romanization according to ISO 843: Byzantinḗ Aytokratoría / Vasileía tṓn Rōmaiōn.
  2. Romanization according to ISO 843: Kōnstantinoýpolē.
  3. The text of the summary of the history is mainly based on the text in Wikipedia.

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