Atlas of the Middle Ages

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Middle Ages
Atlas of the Middle Ages

Selected modern and old maps showing the history of the Early Middle Ages.

For the entire material Wikimedia Commons has concerning that period, please refer to category:Early Middle Ages.

This page is meant to deliver a chronological view upon a set of maps, as used in a Wikiproject on the encyclopedic environment.
Outside of Europe geography, Early Middle Ages historical period makes no sense !
Germanic Iron Age describes Northern Europe outside roman scope.

Book of Kells, 9th century CE, written by celtic monks in the Isle of Iona.
See' Hiberno-Saxon & Celtic art.

Context

Purpose

The main purpose for this page is to give a geographical visual reference regarding the rise, evolution and fall of countries in Europe from Antiquity to the Modern era. The birth of the modern European nation-state is a later phenomemon (generally evolved from the 17th century Peace of Westphalia, to the rise of modern European nationalism in the mid 1800's.)

Borders for most historical maps are largely arbitrary and in many cases are merely approximate.

It is obvious that other points of view may argue. The following work takes care of the French historiography, quite different from the Anglo-saxon one which seem to make that period and the Viking Age collide ; yet, Let's give a try to each period : main events motivate each timeline segment for that matter.

Timelines

  1. Late Antiquity
    1. until 375
    2. Events: Maps will display basis situation for the Roman provinces ;
  2. Migration Period
    1. 376 - 476
    2. Events: Last 100 years before the last Emperor in the West ;
      - in 376, Goths move & will win a victory over roman legions (378 : near Hadrianopolis).
      - timeline is here quite reduced from the Timeline of the Migrations Period ;
  3. Early Middle Ages
    1. 477 - 949
  4. High Middle Ages
    1. 950 - 1250
    2. Events: in fr. hist.grphy., this might be a golden age in Western Europe, known as Moyen Âge central.
      for instance Ordre de Cluny spreads its knowledge (Cluniac movement is portrayed as a follow-up of renaissance by Otto I).
      This deals with the idea of a "Medieval civilization" that severed its ties with the former Roman times (refer to History of ideas), despite a Latin Europe still remains in cultural matters ;
  5. Late Middle Ages
    1. 1251 - 1400
    2. Events: <in-between period>, no particular reason ;
  6. Renaissance Period starts
    1. from 1401
    2. Events: Quattrocento precedes High Renaissance in Art, which is Cinquecento.


  • Nota bene :
    • Renaissance in itself is quite a historiography sight of History ; read w:Early Modern Times
    • Other historians consider a Renaissance to be fully in motion from the XIIth century among the large medieval times European nations. This is clearly not the option taken in this page.

Maps before

Migration Period

Maps : Early Middle Ages

Maps after

High Middle Ages

  • Note : fr - Moyen Âge central.

Late Middle Ages


See also


Notes and references

General remarks:

  • The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
  • Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
  • Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
  • The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
  • The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.

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Last modified on 14 December 2013, at 15:38