Last modified on 13 October 2013, at 18:04

Atlas of Armenia

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Armenia (orthographic projection).svg
Armenia

Flag of Armenia.svg

Հայաստան

Հայերեն Հայաստան (Հայք) - Հայաստանի Հանրապետություն[1]

Հայաստանը, (Հայաստանի Հանրապետություն), պետություն է Եվրոպայի և Ասիայի սահմանագլխին, Հվ. Կովկասում, անկախացել է Խորհրդային Միությունից 1991-ին: 5-րդ դարում Մեսրոպ Մաշտոցը վերագտել է հայկական գիրը (գիւտ գրոց), որը մինչև այսօր գործածվում է: Հայաստանի կրոնը Հայ Առաքելական եկեղեցին է` 301թ.-ից:

English Armenia - Republic of Armenia

The Republic of Armenia is a landlocked mountainous country in Eurasia between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea, located in the Southern Caucasus. It shares borders with ► Turkey to the west, ► Georgia to the north, ► Azerbaijan with the break away republic of ► Nagorno-Karabakh to the east, and ► Iran and the ► Nakhichevan exclave of Azerbaijan to the south.


Short name  Armenia
Official  name Republic of Armenia
Status Independent country since 1990, recognized 1991
Location Caucasus
Capital Երեւան, Yerevan)
Population 3,215,800 inhabitants
Area 29,800 km²
Major  languages Armenian (official)
Major  religions Armenian Apostolic Church
More information Armenia, Geography of Armenia, History of Armenia and Politics of Armenia
More  images Armenia - Armenia (Category).

General maps

Am-map1.png Map of Armenia
Armenia 2002 CIA map.jpg Detailed map of Armenia
Armenien topo.jpg Topography of Armenia
Armenia cities.png Largest cities and towns of Armenia

Maps of divisions

This section holds maps of the administrative divisions.

Armenia provinces english.png Provinces of Armenia
Armenia provinces armenian.png Names of the provinces in Armenian

History maps

This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day Armenia, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day Armenia.

13-Urartu-9-6mta.gif
Between 1500 - 1200 BC, states and tribes called Mitanni and Hayasa-Azzi existed in the western half of the Armenian Highland, often clashing with the Hittite Empire. Between 1200 - 800 BC, much of Armenia was united under a confederation of kingdoms, which Assyrian sources called Nairi ("Land of Rivers" in Assyrian). The Egyptians used Nairi for Mitanni, referring to the "Land of Rivers". Nairi was later absorbed into the kingdom of Urartu. The Armenian state of Urartu exists between the ninth and sixth century BC. The second map shows Urartu at its greatest extent in the time of Sarduris II, 743 BC. The following maps show the territorial development of Urartu between 860 and 585 BC.
Urartu 743-en.svg
Urartu 860 840-en.svg Urartu 860-840 BC
Urartu 840 820-en.svg Urartu 840-820 BC
Urartu 820 785-en.svg Urartu 820-785 BC
Urartu 785 753-en.svg Urartu 785-753 BC
Urartu 753 743-en.svg Urartu 753-743 BC
Urartu 743 735-en.svg Urartu 743-735 BC
Urartu 735 715-en.svg Urartu 735-715 BC
Urartu 715 713-en.svg Urartu 715-713 BC
Urartu 713 680-en.svg Urartu 713-680 BC
Urartu 680 610-en.svg Urartu 680-610 BC
Urartu 610 585-en.svg Urartu 610-585 BC
Map of Assyria.png The Region in the 9th to 7th centuries BC
Persian Empire, 490 BC.gif After the fall of Urartu around 585 BC, the Kingdom of Armenia was ruled by the Armenian Orontid Dynasty, which governed the state in 585 - 190 BC. Under Orontids, Armenia at times was an independent kingdom, and at other times a satrapy of the Persian Empire. This map shows the Achaemid Empire (Persia (648–330 BC) at its greatest extent. More maps: Atlas of the Persian Empire.
MacedonEmpire.jpg Armenia is conquered by the Macedonian Empire. More maps: Atlas of the Macedonian Empire.
Diadochen1.png After the death of Alexander the Great, Armenia becomes part of the Seleucid Empire.
Caucasus03333.jpg Kingdom of Armenia around 300 BC under the Orontid Dynasty is most of the time a Seleucid vasal state. See also the next map.
Caucasus03.png Kingdom of Armenia around 300 BC under the Orontid Dynasty is most of the time a Seleucid vasal state. See also the next map.
Orontid Armenia -250-en.svg Kingdom of Armenia in 250 BC.
Maps of the Armenian Empire of Tigranes.gif
After the destruction of the Seleucid Empire, a Hellenistic Armenian state was founded in 190 BC, with Artaxias becoming its first kings and the founder of the Artaxiad dynasty (190 BC - 1 AD). At the same time, a western portion of the kingdom split as a separate state under Zariadris, which became known as Lesser Armenia while the main kingdom acquired the name of Greater Armenia. At its zenith, from 95 to 66 BC, Greater Armenia extended its rule over parts of the Caucasus and the area that is now eastern and central Turkey, northwestern Iran, Palestine, Syria and Lebanon, forming the second Armenian empire. For a time, Armenia was one of the most powerful states in the Roman East. It eventually confronted the Roman Republic in a war, which it lost in 66 BC, but nonetheless preserved its sovereignty. Tigranes continued to rule Armenia as an ally of Rome until his death in 55 BC. This map shows Armenia between 189 and 63 BC.
Armenian Empire.png
Roemischeprovinzentrajan.png Later on, in 1 AD, Armenia came under Roman control until the establishment of the Armenian Arsacid dynasty. The Armenian people then adopted a Western political, philosophical, and religious orientation. For more maps see the Atlas of the Roman Empire.
LocationParthia.PNG Armenia was often a focus of contention between Rome and Parthia. This map shows the Parthian Empire (250 BC-226 AD) controlling parts of Armenia. The Parthians forced Armenia into submission from 37 to 47, when the Romans retook control of the kingdom.
Arshakuni Armenia 150-en.svg Under Nero, the Romans fought a campaign (55–63) against the Parthian Empire, which had invaded Armenia. After gaining (60) and losing (62) Armenia, the Romans entered (63) into the territories of Vologases I of Parthia, and returned the Armenian kingdom to Tiridates, founder of the Arshakuni Dynasty. This map shows Armenia under the Arshakuni Dynasty.
Sassanid Empire 620.png The Persian Sassanian Empire occupied Armenia in 252 and held it until the Romans returned in 287. In 387 the kingdom was split between the Byzantine or East Roman Empire and the Persians. Western Armenia quickly became a province of the Roman Empire under the name of Armenia Minor; Eastern Armenia remained a kingdom within Persia until 428, when the local nobility overthrew the king, and the Sassanids installed a governor in his place. For more maps see the Atlas of the Persian Empire.
EasternRomanEmpire.png In 591, the great Byzantine warrior and Emperor Maurice defeated the Persians and recovered much of the remaining territory of Armenia into the empire. The conquest was completed by the Emperor Heraclius in 629. See for more maps the Atlas of the Byzantine Empire.
Arabische Rijk.jpg In 645, the Muslim Arab armies of the Caliphate had attacked the country, which fell before them. Armenia, which once had its own rulers and was at other times under Persian and Byzantine control, passed largely into the power of the Caliphs. This map shows the expansion of the Caliphate: I: Muhammad; II: Abu Bakr; III: Omar and IV: Othman. See for more maps the Atlas of the Caliphate.
93-vaspurakan908-1021.gif This map shows the Armenian Kingdom of Vaspourakan in the 10th century
Bagratuni Armenia 1000-en.svg This map shows Armenia under the Bagratuni Dynasty around 1000.
Cilician Armenia-en.svg To escape death or servitude at the hands of those who had assassinated his relative, Gagik II, King of Ani, an Armenian named Roupen with some of his countrymen went into the gorges of the Taurus Mountains and then into Tarsus of Cilicia. Here the Byzantine governor of the place gave them shelter. Thus, from around 1080 to 1375, the focus of Armenian nationalism moved south, as the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia. This map shows Cilician Armenia 1199-1375
Cilicia.png The Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia
Mongol Empire map.gif This map shows changes in borders of the Mongol Empire from founding by Genghis Khan in 1206, Genghis Khan's death in 1227 to the rule of Kublai Khan (1260–1294). (Uses modern day borders). For certain times, Armenia was under control of the Mongols.
   Mongol Empire

By 1294 the empire had split into:

   Empire of the Great Khan (Yuan Dynasty)
Five principalities of karabakh.png Five principalities of Karabakh (Gyulistan, Jaraberd, Khachen, Varand, Dizaq), the last relict of Armenian statehood (16th century)
Ottoman 1683.png Armenia is conquered under the rule of Selim II (1524 – 1574) by the Ottoman Empire. However, the initial accession begins with Mehmed II, who also offered the Ottoman support to initiate Armenian Patriarch in Constantinople. This rule continued 300 years till the following the Russo–Turkish War (1828–1829), when the Eastern Armenia of this territory was ceded to the Russian Empire. The remaining Ottoman Armenia, till World War I, under Ottoman rule was also referred to as Western Armenia. See for more maps the Atlas of the Ottoman Empire.
Armenian Genocide Map-en.svg The western part became part of the Ottoman Empire. Major Armenian extermination sites in the Ottoman Empire during the Armenian Genocide.
Armenien 1914.png Armenia in 1914
LocationUSSR.png In 1922 the Soviet Union is formed of which Transcaucasia and later Armenia becomes a constituent republic. See the Atlas of the Soviet Union.
TreatyofKarsMap.jpg Turkish-Soviet frontier per the Treaty of Kars.
Red kurdistan 1930.png Southern Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh in Soviet Caucasus, 1930.
250pxx400px Armenia inside the Soviet Union

Armenia regains independence in 1991.

Old maps

This section holds copies of original general maps more than 70 years old.

Armeniamap1.jpg Old map of Armenia from 1522
Armeniamap2.jpg Old map of Armenia from 1522
Armeniamap3.jpg Old map of Armenia from 1579
Map of Colchis, Iberia, Albania, and the neighbouring countries ca 1770.jpg Caucasus in 1729
Russia Caucusus 1882.jpg Map of Armenia and the South Caucasus in the Russian Empire from 1882
First republic of Armenia-west boarders by Woodrow Wilson.png Wilsonian Armenia in the Treaty of Sèvres
Wilsonian Armenia (orthographic projection).svg Wilsonian Armenia with Eastern Armenia (political concept)

Ethnic maps

Karabakh ethnic map.png Demographic map
Flag map of Armenia.svg Map of Armenia in the colors of the Armenian flag.

Satellite maps

Satellite image of Armenia in May 2003.jpg Satellite image of Armenia from May 2003

Notes and references

General remarks:

  • The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
  • Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
  • Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
  • The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
  • The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.
  1. Romanization: Hayastan (Hayq)- Hayastani Hanrapetutyun.

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