Last modified on 11 February 2013, at 18:39

Atlas of Cyprus

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Cyprus

Flag of Cyprus.svg

Κύπρος
Kıbrıs

Ελληνικά Κύπρος - Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία[1]

Η Κύπρος είναι νησί της ανατολικής Μεσογείου θάλασσας, το τρίτο σε μέγεθος, και βρίσκεται 100 περίπου χιλιόμετρα νότια της Τουρκίας και 120 χιλιόμετρα δυτικά της Συρίας. Γεωγραφικά η Κύπρος ανήκει στην νοτιοδυτική Ασία. Ωστόσο, επειδή ιστορικά, πολιτιστικά η Κύπρος ακολούθησε τη πορεία όλου του Ελληνισμού, μπορεί να θεωρείται μέρος της Δύσης και της Ευρώπης.

Türkçe Kıbrıs - Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti

Kıbrıs Akdeniz'de bir adadır. Kuzeyinde 65 km mesafe ile Türkiye, doğusunda 112 km mesafe ile Suriye, 267 km ile İsrail, 162 km ile Lübnan; güneyinde 418 km ile Mısır; batısında ise 965 km ile Yunanistan yer almaktadır. Kıbrıs adası 30.33 ve 35.41 eylemleri ve 32.23 ve 34.55 boylamları arasındadır. KKTC'nin yüzölçümü 3.355 km²dir. Yaklaşık olarak ada sahillerinin yarısı KKTC sınırları içerisindedir.

English Cyprus - Republic of Cyprus

The Republic of Cyprus is a Eurasian island nation in the eastern part of the Mediterranean Sea south of the Anatolian peninsula (Asia Minor). A Turkish invasion in 1974 led to the establishment of a separatist government to govern the invaded area, currently styling itself the Turkish Republic of ► Northern Cyprus, separated from the south by the UN-controlled Green Line and recognized only by Turkey. The Republic of Cyprus has been a member state of the European Union since 1 May 2004. The British possess ► Akrotiri and Dhekelia on the island. Cyprus lies south of ► Turkey, west of ► Syria and ► Lebanon and north of ► Egypt.


Short name  Cyprus
Official  name Republic of Cyprus
Status Independent country since 1960, member of the ► European Union since 2004
Location Mediterranean Sea
Capital Λευκωσία[2] (Nicosia)
Lefkoşa
Population 784,301 inhabitants
Area 9,251 km²
Major  languages Greek, Turkish (both official)
Major  religions Cypriot Orthodoxy, Islam
More information Cyprus, Geography of Cyprus, History of Cyprus and Politics of Cyprus
More  images Cyprus - Cyprus (Category).

General maps

Cy-map.png Map of Cyprus
Cyprus topo.png Topographic map of Cyprus
Cyprus districts named.png Divided Cyprus with the Districts of Cyprus
Cyprus municipalities.png Map of municipalities of Greek-controlled area of Cyprus
Cyprus SBAsInRed.png Location of Akrotiri and Dhekelia on Cyprus. See also Atlas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia.
Trnc-map.gif Map of Northern Cyprus. See also Atlas of Northern Cyprus.

History maps

This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day Cyprus, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day Cyprus.

Map of Assyria.png The Region in the 9th to 7th centuries BC
Map of the Achaemenid Empire.jpg The Achaemid Empire (Persia (648–330 BCE) at its greatest extent
Achaemenid-empire-500BCE.png The Persian Achaemenid Empire
Carte empire achéménide.png The Persian Achaemenid Empire
Persian Empire, 490 BC.gif The Persian Achaemenid Empire
Map of Armenia and Albania (1760).jpg The Expedition of Alexander the Great 334-323 BCE
Map-alexander-empire.png Map of the Empire of Alexander
MacedonEmpire.jpg Map of the Empire of Alexander 334-323 BCE
Alexander den stores rike, Nordisk familjebok.jpg Map of the Empire of Alexander (Norwegian)
Diadochen1.png Hellenistic successor states:
   Kingdom of Ptolemy
   Kingdom of Cassander
   Kingdom of Lysimachus
   Kingdom of Seleucus
   Epirus
Other states:
   Rome
Hellenistic world 200BC blank.png Hellenistic world in 200 BCE
Lydia original area of lydia.jpg Lydia
Roman expansion 264 BC Shepherd.jpg Territorial development of the Roman Empire 264 BC-192, including the conquest of present
Asia minor roman power.jpg Roman conquest of Minor Asia
Roman Empire in 50 BC.png Map of the Roman Empire in 50
Roman Empire.png The extent of the Roman Republic and Roman Empire;
   133 BC
   44 BC (late Republic, after conquests by republican generals)
   AD 14 (death of Augustus)
   117 (maximum extension)
Provincia Syria.png Cyprus in the Roman Empire
Romia Imperio.png Map of the Roman Empire in 116
Roman empire.png Roman Empire in 117
Roman empire 395.jpg Roman Empire divided 395, showing the dioceses and praetorian prefectures of Gaul, Italy, Illyricum and Oriens (east), roughly analogous to the four Tetrarch zones of influence after Diocletian's reforms.
Theodosius I's empire.png The division of the Empire after the death of Theodosius I, ca.395 AD superimposed on modern borders.
Rome406.jpeg Division of the Roman Empire in 406
628px-Western and Eastern Roman Empires 476AD(3).PNG Eastern Roman Empire and Western Roman Empires, c.476
EasternRomanEmpire.png Eastern Roman Empire
Justinien 527-565.svg Eastern Roman Empire under emperor Justinianus
Justinian Byzanz.png Eastern Roman Empire under emperor Justinianus
Byzantium550.png Byzantine Empire 550
Arabische Rijk.jpg Expansion of the Caliphate: I: Muhammad; II: Abu Bakr; III: Omar and IV: Othman
Age of Caliphs.png Age of the :en:Caliphs
Califate 750.jpg Caliphate around 750

}}

Byzantium1025.jpg The Byzantine Empire under Basil II, c. 1025
Map Byzantine Empire 1025-fr.svg Byzantine Empire 1025
Byzantiumforecrusades.PNG The Byzantine Empire at the accession of Alexios I Komnenos, c. 1081
Near East 1135.svg Cyprus and the Crusader states in 1135
Asia menor 1140.jpg Minor Asia in 1140 (in Spanish)
Crusaderstates.jpeg The Crusader States
Ayyubids1189.png Ayyubid rule in 1189
Ayyubid.png The Ayyubid Empire of Saladin around 1190
Byzantium in 1170(3).PNG Map of the Byzantine Empire under Manuel Komnenos, c.1170.
Manuel'sEmpire.png Byzantine Empire 1180
ShepherdByzempire1265.jpg The Kingdom of Cyprus in 1265 (William R. Shepherd, Historical Atlas, 1911).
ByzantineEmpire1265.svg Kingdom of Cyprus in 1265
Byzantine empire 1355.jpg Kingdom of Cyprus in 1355
Ottoman 1683.png Location of the Ottoman Empire in 1683
OttomanEmpire1801.jpg Map of the Ottoman Empire 1801
British Empire Anachronous 4.PNG Cyprus inside the British Empire
A former British colony, the Republic of Cyprus gained independence in 1960 while the United Kingdom retained two Sovereign Base Areas. Following 11 years of alternating intercommunal violence, leading to the sending of UN peacekeeping forces in 1964, and peaceful attempts at reconciliation in response to an Athens-engineered coup aimed at uniting the island with Greece, Turkey launched a two-stage invasion of the island in 1974. The invasion led to the internal displacement of thousands of Greek and Turkish Cypriots and the subsequent establishment of a separatist regime to govern the invaded area, currently styling itself the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, separated from the south by the UN-controlled Green Line and recognized only by Turkey.

Old maps

This section holds copies of original general maps more than 70 years old.

Pieter van der Aa Cyprus.jpg Early 18th century map by Pieter van der Aa
Map-of-Turkey-and-Cyprus.jpg Map by Pieter van der Aa made in 1719 of Turkey and Cyprus

Satellite maps

Cyprus lrg.jpg Satellite map
Satellite image of Cyprus in January 2003.jpg Satellite map
Cyprus lrg.jpg Satellite map

Notes and references

General remarks:

  • The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
  • Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
  • Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
  • The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
  • The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.
  1. Romanization according to ISO 843: Kýpros - Kypriakḗ Dēmokratía.
  2. Rom,anization: Leykōsía.

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