Last modified on 6 January 2014, at 08:28

Atlas of the Falkland Islands

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Falkland Islands
Flag of the Falkland Islands.svg
Falkland Islands

English Falkland Islands - Falkland Islands

The Falkland Islands, also called the Malvinas, are an archipelago in the South Atlantic Ocean, located 300 miles (483 kilometres) from the coast of South America, 671 miles (1080 km) west of the Shag Rocks (► South Georgia), and 584 miles (940 km) north of ► Antarctica (Elephant Island). They consist of two main islands, East Falkland and West Falkland, together with about 700 smaller islands. Stanley, on East Falkland, is the capital and largest city. The islands are a self-governing Overseas Territory of the United Kingdom, but have been the subject of a claim to sovereignty by ► Argentina since the early years of Argentina's independence from Spain in 1810.

Español[1] Islas Malvinas

Las Islas Malvinas (Falkland Islands) constituyen un archipiélago situado al sur del Océano Atlántico, en la plataforma epicontinental llamada Mar Argentino, a una distancia mínima de la Patagonia de 480 km, a 772 km al noreste del cabo de Hornos, 1080 km al oeste de las Islas Georgias del Sur y Sandwich del Sur (Shag Rocks), y a 940 km al norte de la Isla Elefante en Antártida. Administradas por el Reino Unido a partir de la ocupación de 1833, constituyen en la actualidad uno de sus territorios de ultramar. La Argentina, por su parte, las reclama como propias y las incluye nominalmente dentro de su provincia de Tierra del Fuego, Antártida e Islas del Atlántico Sur.


Short name Falkland Islands
Official name Falkland Islands
Status ► British overseas territory since 1833. Disputed by ► Argentina.
Location South Atlantic Ocean
Capital Stanley
Population 3,060 inhabitants
Area 12,173 km²
Major language(s) English
Major religion(s) Protestantism
More information Falkland Islands, Geography of the Falkland Islands, History of the Falkland Islands and Politics of the Falkland Islands
More images Falkland Islands - Falkland Islands (Category).

General maps

Falklands Map.GIF Map of the Falkland Islands
Falkland Islands map shaded relief-en.svg Map of the Falkland Islands with shaded relief. Also in French
Falkland Islands topographic map-en.svg Topographic map of the Falkland Islands. Also in French
Falkland Islands map.svg Simpler topographic map of the Falkland Islands. Also in French
Islas Malvinas-es.png Map of the Falkland Islands, Islas Malvinas with the Argentine names
Map of Falkland Islands.png Map of the Falkland Islands
Geology of the Falkland Islands.svg Geological map (in English)
Mapa geologico Malvinas.lmb.png Geological map (in Spanish)

History maps

This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day the Falkland Islands, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day the Falkland Islands.

In 1764 France establishes a colony on East Falkland, followed by the United Kingdom in 1766 on West Falkland. The French settlement is transfered to Spain in 1767. Although the British withdraw in 1774, they claim sovereignty over all Falklands. The British withdraw is followed in 1811 by a Spanish withdraw. In 1820 Argentina claims sovereignty, followed by the forming of an Argentine settlement in 1826. In 1833 the United Kingdoms occupies the archipelago and in 1892 the islands become the British colony of the Falkland Islands.
Operation Azul.jpg In 1982 Argentina invades the islands.
Falklandsmap san carlos landings.png The San Carlos landings
Battle of Goose Green.png Later that year the United Kingdom invades the islands and after the Battle of Goose Green, British rule is restored, which leads to an end of the Falklands War

In 1985, Britain separates South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands from the Falkland Islands to form a seperate territory.

Satellite maps

Satellite image of Falkland Islands in November 1999.jpg Satellite map

Notes and references

General remarks:

  • The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
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  • Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
  • The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
  • The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.
  1. Spanish is not an official language of the Falkland Islands, but Argentina claims the islands.

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