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The Wikimedia Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons.
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The introductions of the country, dependency and region entries are in the native languages and in English. The other introductions are in English.
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Deutsch Deutschland - Bundesrepublik Deutschland

Die Bundesrepublik Deutschland ist ein Bundesstaat und ein Mitgliedsland der Europäischen Union. Sie liegt in Mitteleuropa und hat gemeinsame Grenzen mit Dänemark, Polen, Tschechien, Österreich, der Schweiz, Frankreich, Luxemburg, Belgien und den Niederlanden. Im Norden bilden die Nordsee und die Ostsee die natürlichen Staatsgrenzen. Damit ist die Bundesrepublik das Land mit den meisten Nachbarländern Europas.

Němska - Zwjazkowa republika Němska

Němska oficielnje Němska zwjazkowa republika je srjedźnoeuropski stat. Mjezuje z Danskej na sewjeru, z Nižozemskej, z Belgiskej a Luxemburgskej na zapadźe, z Francoskej na juhozapadźe, z Šwicarskej na juhu, z Awstriskej na juhu a na juhowuchodźe, z Čěskej a z Pólskej na wuchodźe, z Baltiskej morju na sewjerowuchodźe, z Sewjerskej morju na sewjerozapadźe.

Dansk[2] Tyskland - Forbundsrepublikken Tyskland
Forbundsrepublikken Tyskland er en føderal stat bestående af 16 delstater beliggende i det vestlige Mellemeuropa. Landet grænser i nord op til Danmark, i vest til Frankrig, Luxembourg, Belgien og Nederlandene, i syd til Schweiz og Østrig og i øst til Tjekkiet og Polen. Hovedstaden er Berlin.
Nedderdüütsch: Düütschland (Förbundsrepubliek Düütschland) is en Förbundsrepubliek, de in'n Zentrum vun Europa liggt un sik vun de Waterkant (Noord- un Oostsee) to de Alpen, vun'n Rhien to de Oder erstreckt. Navers sünd Belgien, de Nedderlannen, Däänmark, Polen, Tschechien, Österriek, de Swiez, Frankriek un Luxemburg. De Hööftstadt is Berlin. Düütschland warrt indeelt in Bundslänner.

Seeltersk: Ju Buundesrepublik Düütsklound is n Buundesstoat un n Meeglidstoat fon ju Europäiske Union. Dät lait in Middeleuropa un häd gemeensoame Scheede mäd Dänemark, Polen, Tschechien, Aastriek, de Swaits, Frankriek, Luxembuurich, Belgien un do Niederlounde. In dät Noude bildje ju Noudsee un ju Aastsee do natüürelke Stoatsscheede. Deermäd is et dät Lound mäd do maaste Noaberlounde fon Europa.
Allemanisch: Ditschlånd (Bundesrepublik Ditschlånd) isch an Schtaat in Mittleuropa und hot gmiinsame Grenza mit Dänemark, Pole, Tschechie, Eeschdtriich, dr Schwiiz, Frankriich, Luxeburg, Belgien und dr Niderlander. Im Norde bildet d`Nordsee und d`Oschdtsee a natirliche Grenz.

English Germany - Federal Republic of Germany

The Federal Republic of Germany is a country in Central Europe. It is bordered on the north by the North Sea, ► Denmark, and the Baltic Sea, on the east by ► Poland and the ► Czech Republic, on the south by ► Austria and ► Switzerland, and on the west by ► France, ► Luxembourg, ► Belgium (► Wallonia) and the ► Netherlands.

Short name  Germany
Official name Federal Republic of Germany
Status Independent country since 843, but divided in various entities, united since 1871, re-united since 1990, member of the ► European Union since 1957
Location Central Europe
Capital Berlin
Population 82,310,000 inhabitants
Area 357,030 km²
Languages German (official)
Religions Protestantism, Roman Catholicism
More information Germany, Geography of Germany, History of Germany and Politics of Germany
More images Germany - Germany (Category).

General maps

Deutschland Übersichtskarte.png
Deutsch: Übersichtskarte von Deutschland
Germany general map.png
English: General map of Germany
BRD.png Political map of Germany
Deutschland politisch bunt.png Political map of Germany
Deutschland (Städte).png Cities in Germany

Geographical distinctions

Maps of divisions

This section holds maps of the administrative divisions.

Landkreise, Kreise und kreisfreie Städte in Deutschland 2011-09-04.svg Districts and district-free towns (yellow) in Germany

Geography maps

  Physical geography I (with labelling of landscapes)
  Physical geography II (without labelling of landscapes)
  Main natural regions
  Catchment of the Rhine river

Human Geography maps

  Population density

Geology maps

  Surficial geology (simplified)
  Earthquake hazard zones

History maps

Early History

  The southern part of present-day Germany is under the influence of Celt. This map shows the possible extent of (proto-)Celtic influence 800-400 BC

Die Kelten in Europa. Ocker: Kernbereich Nordwestalpine Hallstattkultur (ca. 750–500/450 v. Chr.) grün: Ausbreitung La-Tène-Kultur, bzw. orange: der keltischen Sprache (3. Jh. v. Chr.)
  Another map of the Celts in Europe

Die Kelten in Europa

The Germanic tribes

  IN the first millenium BCE Germanic peoples enter from Scandinavia into present-day North Germany.

Proto-Germanische Völker
  This map shows the gradual expansion of their territory during the 1st millennium BCE
  This (old) map shows Ancient Germania

Antikes Germanien

The Romans and the Germanic tribes

  Drusus campaigns in Germany from 12 B.C. to 9 B.C.
  Tiberius campaigns (4-6 A.D.) and Domitius Aenobardus campaigns (3-1 B.C.) in Germany
  Germania provincia in 9 A.D.
  The battle of Teutoburgus (9 A.D.)
  Germania Magna in 10 A.D.
  Germanicus' campaign in Germany in 14 A.D.
  Germanicus' campaign in Germany in 15 A.D.
  Germanicus' campaign in Germany in 16 A.D.
  The battle of Idistaviso between Germanicus and Arminius in 16 A.D..
  The battle of Angrivaran's Wall (16 A.D.)
  Germanic peoples in Germany at the time of Augustus.
  Around 68 BCE the ► Roman Empire conquers the south-west part of present-day Germany. The other parts remain under control of germanic tribes. Map showing the pre-Migration Age distribution of the Germanic tribes in Proto-Germanic times, and stages of their expansion up to 50 BC, AD 100 and AD 300. The extent of the Roman Empire in 68 BC and AD 117 is also shown.

Proto-Germanische Völker
  Rhaetian and Upper Germanic Limes

Obergermanisch-raetischer Limes
  The Roman Empire in CE 120 and Germania

Das Römische Reich und Germanien im Jahre 120

Die Alamannen
  Further expansion

Territoriale Entwicklung der Alemannen
  After the death of Theodosius I, the Roman Empire divides into the ► Western Roman Empire and the ► Eastern Roman Empire.

Die Teilung des Römischen Reiches um 395. Das Weströmische Reich im Jahre 395
  After the division of the Western Roman Empire Germanic tribes enter the Empire and gradually take over control. This map shows invasions of the Roman Empire 100-500
  White Serbia in the 6th century (around 560), according to the book of Francis Dvornik
  Dervan's Serbia, 7th century

The Franks

  481-843: Frankish Empire - independent monarchy including present-day Germany ► Frankish Empire

  The Franks become the dominant tribe and establish their realm. The Frankish Realm includes large parts of present-day Germany, France, the Netherlands, Belgium and Switzerland. In 751 the Carolingian dynasty comes to power with Pepin the Short, but his succesor, Charlemagne reunites in 771 the Frankish domains. Charlemagne is crowned Emperor of the Romans, or Roman Emperor in the West, by Pope Leo III in 800. This map shows the rise of the Frankish Empire
  843-962: East Frankish Empire (Regnum Francorum Orientalis) - independent monarchy

  The Treaty of Verdun, 843, confirms the division of the Empire in three. The East Frankish Kingdom develops with the coronation of the first German king in 919 into the Kingdom of Germany, a feudal country, divided in a growing number of more or less independent states.
  This map shows the further division in the Treaty of Meerssen (870)

The Holy Roman Empire

  962-1806: Holy Roman Empire (Heiliges Römisches Reich) - independent country

  King Otto I of Germany conquers Italy and is crowned Emperor of the Romans in 962, forming what would come to be known as the Holy Roman Empire and in the 15th century as the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation (also referred to simply as Germany). This map shows Central Europe, i.e. the Kingdom of Germany, 919-1125.
  The Duchy of Bavaria in the 10th century
  The Holy Roman Empire during the reign of the Hohenstaufens (13th century)

Hanseatic League

  Hanseatic trade routes
  The Holy Roman Empire in the 14th century
  The Holy Roman Empire and its circles in 1512
  The religious situation in central Europe about 1618
  Area controlled by the Holy Roman Empire around 1630. The most important countries inside the empire (and partially outside) are ► Austria and ► Brandenburg-Prussia.
  The Holy Roman Empire in 1648, after the secession of the ► Netherlands and ► Switzerland.
  The Holy Roman Empire in 1789, just before the French Revolution.


  Under French pressure the Holy Roman Empire is dissolved in 1806. Germany fell apart in several countries from very small to rather big. In the period between 1806 en 1870 part of these states are member of several confederations. Between 1806 and 1870 the following states exist. In the following list the countries are listed with the membershops of the confederation. RB = Rhine Confederation (1806-1813), DB = German Confederation (1815-1866) and NB = North German Confederation (1866-1870). More information about these confederations can found in the next section.
  •   Anhalt - Duchy of Anhalt, since 1863 - DB, NB
  •   Anhalt-Dessau - Duchy of Anhalt-Dessau, continued as Anhalt since 1863 - RB, DB
  •   Anhalt-Köthen - Duchy of Anhalt-Köthen, merged into Anhalt-Dessau in 1847 - RB, DB
  •   Arenberg - Duchy of Arenberg, dissolved in 1814 - RB
  •   Berg - Grand Duchy of Berg, annexed to Prussia in 1813 - RB
  •   Bremen - Free Hanseatic City of Bremen, since 1814 - DB, NB
  •   Frankfurt - Free City of Frankfurt, between 1816 and the annexation to Prussia in 1866 - DB
  •   Frankfurt - Grand Duchy of Frankfurt, since 1810, dissolved in 1813 - RB
  •   Hamburg - Free Hanseatic City of Hamburg, since 1814 - DB, NB
  •   Hanover - Kingdom of Hanover, between 1814 and the annexation to Prussia in 1866 - DB
  •   Hesse-Homburg - Landgraviate of Hesse-Homburg, since 1813, annexed to Hesse in 1866, later that year to Prussia - DB
  •   Hesse-Kassel - Electorate of Hesse, since 1813, annexed to Prussia in 1866 - DB
  •   Hohengeroldseck - Principality of Hohengeroldseck, annexed to Austria in 1815 - RB
  •   Holstein - Duchy of Holstein, in personal union with Denmark, annexed to Prussia in 1866 - DB
  •   Isenburg - Sovereign Principality of Isenburg, annexed to France in 1810 - RB
  •   Lauenburg - Duchy of (Saxe-)Lauenburg, since 1864 - DB, NB
  •   Lübeck - Free and Hanseatic City of Lübeck, since 1814 - DB, NB
  •   Prussia - Kingdom of Prussia - DB, NB - Maps in the Atlas of Germany. Prussia becomes fully independent outside the French influence.
  •   Reuss-Ebersdorf - Principality of Reuss-Ebersdorfcontinued by Reuss-Lobenstein-Ebersdorf in 1824 - RB, DB
  •   Reuss-Lobenstein - Principality of Reuss-Lobensteincontinued by Reuss-Lobenstein-Ebersdorf in 1824 - RB, DB
  •   Reuss-Schleiz - Principality of Reuss-Schleiz, continued by Reuss Younger Line in 1848 - RB, DB
  •   Salm - Principality of Salm, annexed to France in 1810 - RB
  •   Saze-Eisenach - Duchy of Saxe-Eisenach, merged into Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach in 1809 - RB
  •   Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg - Duchy of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, divided between Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Saxe-Altenburg in 1826 - RB, DB
  •   Saxe-Weimar - Duchy of Saxe-Weimar, continued by Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach in 1809 - RB
  •   Saxony - Kingdom of Saxony - RB, DB, NB
  •   Westphalia - Kingdom of Westphalia, dissolved in 1813, e.g. into Hesse-Kassel and Hanover, member since 1807 - RB
  •   Würzburg - Grand Duchy of Würzburg, annexed by Bavaria in 1813 - RB

The confederations

  1806-1813: Rhine Confederation (Rheinbund) - confederation of French satellite states

  As a result of the Napoleonic war the German Empire is replaced in 1806 by the Confederation of the Rhine.
  At the same time and in the following years parts of Germany are annexed to the ► French Empire in 1811
  The Confederation of the Rhine in 1812
  1815-1867: German Confederation (Deutscher Bund) - confederation of German states, including Prussia and Austria

  After the defeat of France in 1813, there is no central authority in Germany, but at the Vienna Congress in 1815, the German Confederation, a loose confederation of states in Germany including Prussia and Austria, is founded.
  Borders of the German Confederation in 1820
  After a revolution in 1848 Germany is temporarily united in the German Empire, but the next year the German Confederation is restored. The confederation comes to an end after the Austro-Prussian War of 1866. This map shows the alliances of the member-states of the German Confederation in the Austro-Prussian War, 1866
  This map shows the aftermath of the Austro-Prussian War (1866).
  1867-1871: North German Confederation (Norddeutscher Bund) - confederation of North German states, led by Prussia

  In 1867 the North German states form the North German Confederation, a loose confederation of states. Baden, Bavaria, Württemberg and the south part of Hesse remained outside the North German Confederation. In a way they were independent between 1867 and 1871, when they joined the German Empire.
  This map shows the North German Confederation (1867-1871)

German Empire

  1871-1918: German Empire (Deutsches Reich) - independent monarchy, led by Prussia

  In 1871 the German states, ► Austria not included, unite into the German Empire.
  Map of the German Empire
  Germany 1871-1914
  Prussia in the German Empire 1871-1918
  The distribution of Christian denominations in the German Empire, ca. 1895
  The distribution of Judaism in the German Empire, ca. 1895
  Emperor William II's dynamic expansion of military power contribute to tensions on the continent. The fragile European balance of power, which Bismarck had helped to create, breaks down in 1914. World War I is a fact. This map shows Germany's demands in 1915 according to British propaganda.
  British propaganda publication "Germany's Future", allegedly according to an officially circulated pamphlet published in the beginning of 1917.
German colonialism
  Map showing in blue the German colonies at the beginning of World War I

Weimar Republic

  1918-1933: German Empire (Deutsches Reich) - independent republic

  The aftermath, including the Treaty of Versailles, leads to the end of the monarchy and to territorial losses, shown by this map. The ► Saar region is separated from Germany, as are eastern parts of Germany (to ► Poland), the ► Memel Territory and the ► Free City of Danzig. The German Empire becomes a republic.
  Germany 1918-1937
  Übersichtskarte der Wahlen zur Nationalversammlung 1919
Map for the National Assembly in 1919
  Germany in 1925

Nazi Germany

  1933–1945: (Greater) German Empire ((Gross)Deutsches Reich) - independent republic

  Germany in 1939
  After the invasion of ► Poland World War II is a fact. Germany invades and occupies a lot of European countries and the NSDAP implements a program of genocide, at first through incarceration and forced labor and then by establishing death camps. This map shows the borders of Germany on August 31, 1939

Die deutsche Grenze, 31. August, 1939
  Administrative districts in territories under the control of Nazi Germany in 1941.

Großdeutschland im Jahre 1941
  Eastern front of the Second World War circa 1941-1942.
  Administrative units of the NSDAP 1944
  Germany 1944 (German)
  Germany 1944 (English)
[[|border|251x400px]] Main German Nazi concentration and extermination camps. Bordures from 1943.
  Several plans, such as the Morgenthau Plan exist for the division and dismemberment of Germany after its defeat. Germany is to be divided into two separate states, while the Ruhr and its surrounding territories are to become an Internationally administered area. The Saar, East Prussia, and Upper Silesia are to be removed from Germany .
  Another plan is the Roosevelt Plan
  The Bakker Schut plan is a Dutch plan for the annexation of border regions.

Germany after the Nazis

  1945-1949: Occupied Germany - country under occupation of the allied powers

  During the Yalta Conference in February 1945, and during the Potsdam Comference of August 1945 the Allies discussed the dismemberment and annexation of German territory. As context data in the discussions with their Allies the United States Department of State created a map roughly showing how many millions of German that they would have to deport as a consequence of the various proposals for a new German border in the east.
  After Germany's unconditional surrender in 1945, the German Empire is dissolved and the United States, the United Kingdom, the USSR and, later, France occupy the country and assume responsibility for its administration.
  In 1949, while the Industrial plans for Germany are being carried out, the country has been divided and dismembered. The Former eastern territories of Germany have been detached, as has an expanded Saarland. While not detached, the Ruhr area is under the control of the International Authority for the Ruhr and Berlin has been split in two.
  Map of the occupation zones in Germany, 1945. It uses the German borders from 1937 since the Allies had decided to invalidate the 1938 German annexation of the German speaking Sudetenland and the Anschluss of Austria. It shows what would become the Inner German border in black and It also shows the area from which U.S. and British troops withdrew in the summer of 1945, including parts of the Sudetenland (which thereafter was ethnically cleansed).
  Occupation Zones in Germany in 1947, using the 1937 external borders. It shows how the French have detached the Saar and turned it into a protectorate and the East German territories (east of the Oder-neisse line) that are under Polish and Soviet administration (de-facto annexation). In West German politics the annexation of the Eastern quarter of Germany remained for decades regarded as only temporary and the land was still considered German despite the 1944-1950 Expulsion of Germans after World War II, partly due to the political influence of this group of more than 12 million people, most of which now were in West Germany.
  The commanders in chief exercised supreme authority in their respective zones and act in concert on questions affecting the whole country. ► Saarland becomes a separate polity aligned with France. Some Eastern parts are incorporated into Poland and the USSR. The German capital Berlin gets a separate status. Though the United States, the United Kingdom and the USSR agree in 1945 to treat Germany as a single economic unit with some central administrative departments in a decentralized framework, Soviet policy turns increasingly toward dominating that part of Europe where their armies are present, including eastern Germany. The United States and the United Kingdom move to establish a nucleus for a future German government by creating a central Economic Council for their two zones. The program later provides for a constituent assembly, an occupation statute governing relations between the Allies and the German authorities, and the political and economic merger of the French with the British and American zones.
  Soviet Sector of Germany (1945-1949), shown with pre-war German borders
  In 1948 the Soviets, in an attempt to abrogate agreements for Four-Power control of the city, blockade Berlin. Until May 1949 the Allied-occupied part of Berlin is kept supplied only by an Allied airlift. The "Berlin airlift" succeeds in forcing the Soviets to accept, for the time being, the Allied role and the continuation of freedom in a portion of the city, West Berlin. This map shows the four sectors of the occupied Berlin[4]
  The four sectors of Berlin

Divided Germany

  1949-present: Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland) - independent federal republic

  The United States and the United Kingdom move to establish a nucleus for a future German government by creating a central Economic Council for their two zones. The program later provides for a constituent assembly, an occupation statute governing relations between the Allies and the German authorities, and the political and economic merger of the French with the British and American zones. With the support of the United States, the United Kingdom and France the Federal Republic of Germany is constituted in 1949. At the same time in the USSR occupation zone the ► German Democratic Republic is established.
  States in 1949
  Dismantling of "surplus" German heavy industry as reparations had the goal of lowering German standards of living to pre-defined minimum subsistence levels and thereby permanently removing the German industrial capacity to wage war. In West Germany the dismantling, which by then was occuring principaly in the Steel industry of the Ruhr area and had slowed down considerably, was ended in 1951 in connection with the German signing of the treaty for the European Coal and Steel Community.
  States in 1952
  In 1957 Saar rejoined the Federal Republic of Germany. This map shows the states in 1957
  The Berlin Wall is the symbol of the controversy over Berlin.

United Germany: Federal Republic of Germany

  After the collapse of the communist regime in 1990 the German Democratic Republic is incorporated into the Federal Republic of Germany. Berlin becomes a constituent part of Germany.
  German federate states, the Länder, as created 1945-1947 after WWII. In red as of united Germany BRD in 1990.

Linguistic maps

  German language througout the world
  The development of the Germanic linguistic area
(caveat: based on Nazi era claims of linguistic area, shows factually incorrect coloration of mixed language areas)
  Map of German dialects
  Dialectal ranges (not those of standard languages) of the Continental West Germanic languages
  Green: High German
Blue: Middle German
Orange: Low German
Light orange: Dutch
Rose (light and intense): Frisian
Light blue: Limburgish
(caveat: based on Nazi era claims of linguistic area, shows factually incorrect coloration of mixed language areas)
  German dialects
  Low Saxon dialects since 1945

Religion maps

  Roman Catholic Ecclesiastical provinces
  The member churches of the Evangelical Church in Germany
  Church membership, 2011
  Membership in the Evangelical Church in Germany, 2011
  Membership in the Roman Catholic Church in Germany, 2011
  Membership in other religious groups as well as irreligion, 2011

Other maps

  Motorways (Autobahnen) in Germany
  Motorways (Autobahnen) in Germany with borders of counties
  German railways
  Airports in Germany
  Comparison of international airports in Germany
  Public transport systems in Germany
  Public transport associations in Germany
  Nuclear energy in Germany
  Research nuclear energy in Germany
  Höchstspannungsnetz Deutschland
  Windkraftanlagen in Deutschland (2011)
  Sonnenstrahlung Karte – Deutschland
  Centres of Deutsche Post AG for distribute letters
  Map of the ARD member broadcasters
  Map of German Green Belt
  Wildlife parks in Germany
  National parks in Germany
  Biosphere Reserves in Germany
  Wine regions
  Show caves in Germany
  Planetariums in Germany
  World Heritage Sites in Germany
  Car number plates
  Kopftuchverbote im Schuldienst in Deutschland

See also

Satellite maps

Notes and references

General remarks:

  • The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
  • Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
  • Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
  • The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
  • The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.
  1. Sorbian is a recognized minority language in eastern Germany.
  2. Danish is a recognized minority language in northern Germany.
  3. In fact there was no stat Archbishopric of Mayence, but the Archbishop was member of the Confederation. He was the ruler of countries like the Principalities of Aschaffenburg and Regensburg and the County of Wetzlar
  4. See for more maps of Berlin: Maps of Berlin

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Abkhazia • Artsakh • Caucasus Emirate • China (Republic)/Taiwan • East Turkestan • Kosovo • Northern Cyprus • Palestine • Somaliland • South Ossetia • Tatarstan • Transnistria • Western Sahara

Dependencies and other overseas territories
Akrotiri and Dhekelia • Åland • American Samoa • Anguilla • Aruba • Ascension Island • Ashmore and Cartier Islands • Baker Island • Bermuda • Bouvet Island • British Indian Ocean Territory • British Virgin Islands • Cayman Islands • Christmas Island • Clipperton Island • Cocos (Keeling) Islands • Cook Islands • Coral Sea Islands • Curaçao • Faroe Islands • French Guiana • French Polynesia • French Southern and Antarctic Lands • Gibraltar • Greenland • Guadeloupe • Guam • Guantanamo Bay • Guernsey • Heard Island and McDonald Islands • Hong Kong • Howland Island • Isle of Man • Jan Mayen • Jarvis Island • Jersey • Johnston Atoll • Kingman Reef • Macau • Martinique • Mayotte • Midway Atoll • Montserrat • Navassa Island • New Caledonia • Niue • Norfolk Island • Northern Mariana Islands • Palmyra Atoll • Pitcairn Islands • Puerto Rico • Réunion • Saint Helena • Saint Martin (France) • Saint-Barthélemy • Saint-Pierre and Miquelon • Sint Maarten (Netherlands) • Svalbard • Tokelau • Tristan da Cunha • Turks and Caicos Islands • United States Virgin Islands • Wake Island • Wallis and Futuna

Disputed subnational entities and territories
Bajo Nuevo Bank • Crimea • Falkland Islands • Kurdistan (Syrian) • Kashmir • Paracel Islands • Serranilla Bank South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands • Spratly Islands •

Subnational autonomous entities
Aceh • Adjara • Adygea • Altai • Andalusia • Aosta Valley • Aragon • Asturias • Athos • Azores • Balearic Islands • Bashkortostan • Basque Autonomous Community • Bonaire • Bosnia and Herzegovina (Federation of) • Bougainville • Brussels • Buryatia • Canary Islands • Catalonia • Chechnya • Chuvashia • Corsica • Dagestan • Easter Island • England • Extremadura • Flanders • Friuli-Venezia Giulia • Gagauzia • Galicia • Galápagos Islands • Gilgit–Baltistan • Gorno-Badakhshan • Guangxi • Ingushetia • Islamabad Capital Territory • Inner Mongolia • Kabardino-Balkaria • Kalmykia • Karachay-Cherkessia • Karakalpakstan • Karelia • Khakassia • Komi • Kurdistan (Iraqi) • Khyber Pakhtunkhwa • Madeira • Mari El • Muslim Mindanao • Mordovia • Nakhichevan • Navarre • Nevis • Ningxia • North Ossetia – Alania • Northern Ireland • Nunatsiavut • Quebec • Saba • Sakha • Sardinia • Scotland • Sicily • Sindh • Sint Eustatius • Srpska • Tibet • Tłı̨chǫ • Trentino-Alto Adige • Tuva • Udmurtia • Vojvodina • Wales • Wallonia • Xinjiang • Zanzibar

Other regions
Basque Country • Burzenland • Catalan Countries • Frisia • Kurdistan • Manchuria • Sápmi • Svenskfinland • Székely Land • Transylvania

Former sovereign nations
Austria-Hungary • Byzantine Empire • Caliphate • Czechoslovakia • Frankish Empire • Kingdom of Hawaiʻi • Inca Empire • Iroquois Confederacy • Macedonian Empire • Ottoman Empire • Prussia • Roman Empire • Soviet Union • Republic of Texas • Vermont Republic • Republic of West Florida • Yugoslavia

Former dependencies and overseas territories
Netherlands Antilles

Former disputed territories
Tamil Eelam