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This page is a translated version of a page Commons:Copyright rules by territory/Bulgaria and the translation is 70% complete. Changes to the translation template, respectively the source language can be submitted through Commons:Copyright rules by territory/Bulgaria and have to be approved by a translation administrator.

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Cette page fournit un aperçu des règles de droit d'auteur de la Bulgarie applicables au téléchargement d'œuvres sur Wikimedia Commons. Notez que toute œuvre originaire de la Bulgarie doit appartenir au domaine public ou être disponible sous licence libre en Bulgarie et aux États-Unis avant de pouvoir être téléchargée sur Wikimedia Commons. En cas de doute sur le statut de droit d'auteur d'une œuvre de la Bulgarie, reportez-vous aux lois applicables pour plus de précisions.



Bulgaria was part of the Ottoman Empire for many years. The Principality of Bulgaria became an autonomous state after the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–78. On 5 October 1908 Bulgaria declared its independence as the Kingdom of Bulgaria.

La Bulgarie est membre de la Convention de Berne depuis le 5 décembre 1921, de la Convention universelle sur le droit d'auteur (en anglais) depuis le 7 juin 1975, de l'Organisation mondiale du commerce depuis le 1er décembre 1996 et du Traité de l'OMPI depuis le 6 mars 2002.[1]

En 2018, l'Organisation mondiale de la propriété intellectuelle (OMPI), une agence des Nations Unies, a enregistré la Loi sur les droits d'auteur et les droits voisins (telle qu'amendée en 2011) comme étant la principale loi sur la propriété intellectuelle édictée par la législature de la Bulgarie[1]. L'OMPI conserve le texte de cette loi dans sa base de données WIPO Lex[2].[3]

Règles générales

Under the Law on Copyright and Neighboring Rights (as amended up to 2011),

  • Copyright shall be protected for the life of the author and 70 years after his death.[2011 Article 27(1)]
  • In the case of works created by two or more authors the term specified in para 1 shall run from the death of the last surviving author.[2011 Article 27(2)]
  • Copyright in anonymous or pseudonymous work shall expire 70 years after the work has been first made available to the public.[2011 Article 28]
  • Copyright in a film or other audio-visual work shall expire 70 years after the death of the last surviving among the director, the scriptwriter, the operator, the author of the dialogue and the author of the music if it has been created especially for the film.[2011 Article 29]
  • Copyright in encyclopaedias, periodicals and other works shall expire seventy years after making them available to the public. Where the author is disclosed, Article 27 applies.[2011 Article 30]

The terms defined above begin on the first of January of the year following the year of the death of the author or in which the work was created, made available to the public or published, as applicable.[2011 Article 31]

Œuvres non protégées

The following are not considered subject matter of copyright:[2011 Article 4]

  1. normative and individual acts of state government bodies and official translations thereof;
  2. ideas and concepts;
  3. works of folklore;
  4. news, facts, information and data.

In particular, this applies to various documents, e.g. certificates, issued by units of the Bulgarian armed forces, including historical ones, like the Macedonian-Adrianopolitan Volunteer Corps (MAVC). In these cases it is advisable to use appropriate “author” templates if such exist, e.g. {{Author-MAVC}} for MAVC.

Bandeaux de licence

Voir aussi : Commons:Bandeaux de licence

  • {{PD-BG-exempt}} – for works exempt from copyright under Bulgaria law.
  • {{PD-BulgarianGov}} – for government works exempt from copyright under Bulgaria law.
  • {{PD-BGMFA}} — for works published on the website of the Bulgarian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
  • {{}} — for works published on the website of the Administration of the President of the Republic of Bulgaria.


Voir aussi : Commons:Monnaie

  Pas d'accord The Bulgarian National Bank requires written permission for reproduction of Bulgarian banknotes and coins of all emissions in physical or electronic form.[4]

Liberté de panorama

Voir aussi : Commons:Liberté de panorama

  Pas d'accord Freedom of panorama is limited in Bulgaria to informational "or other non-commercial purposes".[2011 Article 24(7)]

Note: "Copyright protection expires 70 years after the death of the original author (who is defined as the creator or designer) here. On January 1st of the following year (ie. January 1 of the 71st year), freely licensed images of the author's 3D works such as sculptures, buildings, bridges or monuments are now free and can be uploaded to Wikimedia Commons. The lack of Freedom of Panorama is no longer relevant here for states with no formal FOP since the author's works are now copyright free." {{FoP-Bulgaria}}

Voir aussi


  1. a b Bulgaria Copyright and Related Rights (Neighboring Rights). WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization (2018). Retrieved on 2018-11-11.
  2. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Law2012
  3. Law on Copyright and Neighboring Rights (as amended up to 2011). Bulgaria (2011). Retrieved on 2018-11-11.
  4. Bulgarian National Bank rules (Bulgarian) Unofficial English translation of Bulgarian National Bank rules, by User:Bggoldie~commonswiki
Attention : la description ci-dessus peut être inexacte, incomplète ou obsolète, elle doit donc être traitée avec prudence. Avant de déposer un fichier sur Wikimedia Commons, vous devez vous assurer qu’il peut être utilisé librement. Voir aussi : Commons:Avertissements généraux