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This page is a translated version of a page Commons:Copyright rules by territory/Malaysia and the translation is 71% complete. Changes to the translation template, respectively the source language can be submitted through Commons:Copyright rules by territory/Malaysia and have to be approved by a translation administrator.

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Cette page fournit un aperçu des règles de droit d'auteur de la Malaisie applicables au téléchargement d'œuvres sur Wikimedia Commons. Notez que toute œuvre originaire de l'Malaisie doit appartenir au domaine public ou être disponible sous licence libre en Malaisie et aux États-Unis avant de pouvoir être téléchargée sur Wikimedia Commons. En cas de doute sur le statut de droit d'auteur d'une œuvre de la Malaisie, reportez-vous aux lois applicables pour plus de précisions.

Contexte

Le territoire de l'actuelle Malaisie a été formé par plusieurs États malais devenus sujets des britanniques sous le nom d'Établissements des Détroits. La péninsule malaise a repris son indépendance le 31 août 1957, et s'est unie avec Bornéo du nord, Sarawak et Singapour le 16 septembre 1963 pour former la Malaisie. Singapour a quitté la fédération en 1965.

La Malaisie est membre de la Convention de Berne depuis le 1er octobre 1990, de l'Organisation mondiale du commerce depuis le 1er janvier 1995 et du Traité de l'OMPI sur les droits d'auteur depuis le 27 décembre 2012.[1]

En 2018, l'Organisation mondiale de la propriété intellectuelle (OMPI), une agence des Nations Unies, a enregistré la Loi de 1987 sur le droit d'auteur (Loi 332, en date du 1er janvier 2006) comme étant la principale loi sur les droits d'auteur publiée par la législature de la Malaisie[1]. L'OMPI conserve le texte de cette loi dans sa base de données WIPO Lex[2]. La loi a été amendée par la "Loi de 2012 d'amendement sur le droit d'auteur". La loi de 2012 ne semble pas affecter les définitions des œuvres et les durées de protection.[3]

The 1987 Act did not revive expired copyrights: "... this Act shall apply in relation to works made before the commencement of this Act as it applies in relation to works made after the commencement of this Act: Provided that this section shall not be construed as reviving any copyrights which had expired before the commencement of this Act.[332/2006 Section 2(1)]

Règles générales

Under Copyright Act 1987 (Act 332, as at 1 January 2006),

  • Except as otherwise provided, copyright in a literary, musical or artistic work subsists during the life of the author and for 50 years after his death.[332/2006 Section 17(1)]
  • Where a literary, musical or artistic work had not been published before the death of the author, copyright subsists for 50 years from the year in which the work was first published.[332/2006 Section 17(2)]
  • Where a literary, musical or artistic work is published anonymously or under a pseudonym, copyright subsists for 50 years from the year in which the work was first published, made available to the public or made, whichever is the latest.[332/2006 Section 17(3)]
  • In this section, a reference to "author" shall, in the case of a work of joint authorship, be construed as a reference to the author who dies last.[332/2006 Section 17(4)]
  • Copyright subsists in a published edition for 50 years from the year in which the edition was first published.[332/2006 Section 18]
  • Copyright subsists in a sound recording for 50 years from the year in which the recording was first published or, if the sound recording has not been published, from the year of fixation.[332/2006 Section 19]
  • Copyright subsists in a broadcast for 50 years from the year in which the broadcast was first made.[332/2006 Section 20]
  • Copyright subsists in a film for 50 years from the year in which the film was first published.[332/2006 Section 22]
  • Copyright subsists in every work which is eligible for copyright and which is made by or under the direction or control of the Government and such Government organizations or international bodies as the Minister may by order prescribe.[332/2006 Section 11] Copyright in works of the Government, Government organizations and international bodies subsists for 50 years from the year in which the work was first published.[332/2006 Section 23]
  • Regardless of the above, the texts of laws, judicial opinions, and government reports are always free from copyright.[332/2006 Section 3 (definition of literary work)]

All 50-year durations are computed from the beginning of the calendar year next following the year in which the work was first published or made. In other words, as of 2019, works published prior to 1 January 1969 are now in the public domain.

Bandeaux de licence

Monnaie

Voir aussi : Commons:Monnaie

  Pas d'accord According to the Bank Negara Malaysia, "You are not allowed to reproduce the Malaysian currency. It is also illegal for you to use any photograph, drawing or design of any note, coin or any part of the note or coin, of any size, scale or colour, in any advertising or on any merchandise or products, which are manufactured, sold, circulated or distributed except with the permission of BNM".[4]

Liberté de panorama

Voir aussi : Commons:Liberté de panorama

   {{FoP-Malaysia}}

According to Malaysian Copyright Act 1987, the right of control is excluded from "the reproduction and distribution of copies of any artistic work permanently situated in a place where it can be viewed by the public".[332/2006 Section 13(2)(d)] Section 3 defines "artistic work" as any graphic work, photograph, sculpture, collage, and work of architecture or artistic craftsmanship. Layout-designs of integrated circuits are not artistic works.

For the meaning of the term works of artistic craftsmanship, see "United Kingdom – Freedom of panorama".

Timbres postaux

Voir aussi : Commons:Timbres postaux/Domaine public

  According to article 23 of The Copyright Act 1987 (act 332), works by the Government Organizations are subject to copyright until the beginning of the year following 50 years after publication, so only stamps more than 50 years old may be uploaded and they should use the template {{PD-Malaysia}}. This applies until 1992 when the Malaysian post office was corporatized as Pos Malaysia, so the normal artistic copyright term likely applies (life plus 50 years), unless as a corporate work the term of publish plus 50 years applies.

Voir aussi

Références

  1. a b Malaysia Copyright and Related Rights (Neighboring Rights). WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization (2018). Retrieved on 2018-11-08.
  2. Copyright Act 1987 (Act 332, as at 1 January 2006). Malaysia (2006). Retrieved on 2018-11-08.
  3. Copyright (Amendment) Act 2012. Malaysia (2012). Retrieved on 2018-11-10.
  4. GENERAL INFORMATION: The Malaysian Currency 3. Bank Negara Malaysia. Retrieved on 2019-01-28.
Attention : la description ci-dessus peut être inexacte, incomplète ou obsolète, elle doit donc être traitée avec prudence. Avant de déposer un fichier sur Wikimedia Commons, vous devez vous assurer qu’il peut être utilisé librement. Voir aussi : Commons:Avertissements généraux